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Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) what estimate he has made of bass stocks in (a) the Tamar, (b) the Solent, (c) the Thames and (d) nationwide in each year since 1977; and if he will make a statement; 
Jonathan Shaw: Bass are highly mobile and migratory fish and the exact identity of stocks is not well understood. Around the UK bass stocks are generally assessed in four units, namely the North sea, the eastern English channel, the western English channel and the UK west coast and not in terms of specific estuaries. However pre-recruit surveys (i.e. surveys of juvenile fish before they recruit to the fishery) have been carried out in the Tamar, Solent and Thames.
(i) Pre-recruit surveys available for the Tamar since 1984 suggest that year-classes in the mid 1980s were weak, while through the 1990s there were some strong year-classes and some weak year-classes. The 2002 year-class appeared strong in this area, and 2004 was above average as age 0 fish, but since then the indices in this area are low.
(ii) Pre-recruit indices in the Solent are available since 1977 and show a similar pattern of weak year-classes in the mid 1980s, several strong year-classes interspersed with weaker ones through the 1990s and a decline to more average levels since 2000.
(iii) Pre-recruit indices in the Thames estuary are only available since the mid 1990s. They indicate relatively strong year-classes in 1999, 2001, 2002 and 2003. Provisional estimates for 2006 and 2007 suggest these year-classes may also be strong.
(iv) Bass stocks around the UK were analytically assessed by ICES in 2004 and more recently by CEFAS. They indicated that spawning stock biomass had increased substantially following a number of strong recruitments in the 1990s, and that biomass levels in all areas were currently close to the series maxima (on the basis of data from 1985 onwards).
Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) when he plans to introduce measures to conserve bass stocks for anglers; and if he will make a statement; 
Jonathan Shaw: There are a number of measures in place to conserve bass stocks for all those with an interest in the stock. These include a minimum landing size of 36 cm, a prohibition on the use of enmeshing nets with a mesh size of between 65 and 89 mm, and a ban on fishing from boats for bass in 37 areas around the coast of England and Wales where undersized fish are particularly vulnerable to capture, known as bass nursery areas.
Bass is a particularly important stock for the inshore fishing fleet. Given the current pressures faced by this fleet and the relatively healthy state of the stock at present, I could not justify designating bass as a wholly recreational stock. However, I have announced a package of new measures that will provide benefits for stocks of bass and more widely for anglers. This includes a review of bass nursery areas and inshore netting restrictions and for consultation on the designation and design of new areas. We are also funding research exploring the use of restricted areas to benefit recreational anglers.
Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what estimate he has made of the total bass biomass in UK waters in each year since 1997; and if he will make a statement. 
Jonathan Shaw: Bass stocks around the UK were last assessed by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) in 2004 and more recently by the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) in 2006 and 2008. The latest assessments suggest that since 1997 the biomass of bass in UK waters has continued to increase in all areas.
Jonathan Shaw: The Marine and Fisheries Agency samples commercial landings of bass in accordance with the European Commission data collection regulation. Samples of scales and length information are processed by the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) to provide information on population length and age structure. In recent years, CEFAS has processed around 2,000 scale samples and 4,000 length measurements per year.
CEFAS also carries out pre-recruit surveys (i.e. surveys of juvenile fish before they recruit to the fishery) in the Thames and Solent and commissions a pre-recruit survey in the Tamar. As part of a new R and D programme, CEFAS will also be investigating the utility of data from power station intake screens to provide new recruitment indices.
John Thurso: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department pursuant to the Answer of 1 April 2008, Official Report, column 738W, on airports: security, what records are kept of passengers arrested while attempting to pass through UK airport security; how many passengers were arrested in the last 12 months; and how many of those have been (a) charged and (b) convicted of an offence. 
Mr. McNulty: The information requested is not held centrally. The police use their powers at an airport in the same way as at any other location as appropriate. Information held by the Ministry of Justice on the number of arrests is based on aggregated data reported by the 43 police forces in England and Wales. Data are collected centrally by main offence group such as violence against the person, sexual offences, drugs offences, etc. It is not possible to determine from these data the circumstances or location of an arrest, such as an airport.
Mr. Coaker: The number of cautions issued in Suffolk for public drinking offences can be found in the following table. Additionally, Penalty Notices for Disorder (PNDs) were rolled out to all police forces in 2004. The data shows that in 2004, 302 persons received a PND for public drinking offences in Suffolk. In 2005 the figure was 404, and in 2006 the figure was 376.
|Number of offenders cautioned for public drinking offences in Suffolk police force area, 2002 to 2006( 1,2,3)|
|(1) These data are on the principal offence basis.|
(2) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.
(3) The data above include the following offences and statutes;
Being found drunk in a highway or other Public place whether a building or not, or a licensed premisesLicensing Act 1872 sec 12.
Alcohol consumption in designated public placesCriminal Justice and Police Act 2001 sec 12.
Any person who in any public place is guilty, while drunk, of disorderly behaviourCriminal Justice Act 1967 sec.91.
(4) The Penalty Notice for Disorder (PND) scheme was rolled out to all police forces in 2004. Three offences in the scheme relate to public drinking.
Mr. Coaker: The Government take the issue of crime committed by individuals when drunk, or through binge drinking, very seriously. The Government are aware that drinking among young people under the age of 18 is associated with criminal and disorderly behaviour. Nearly half of all 10 to 17-year-olds who drink once a week or more, admitted to some sort of criminal or disorderly behaviour. Of young people aged 18 to 24, those who binge drink were far more likely to admit to committing criminal or disorderly behaviour during or after drinking.
The Government have taken a number of actions in order to combat this issue, including introducing the Tackling Violent Crime Programme (TVCP) which was launched in November 2004. Additionally, local areas are now required to address alcohol-related issues within their crime and disorder reduction partnerships (CDRP) strategies. The Government have produced guidance to assist local areas in producing their strategies, and the Government offices for the regions are co-ordinating this requirement within their specific region. The Government have also recently published A practical guide for dealing with alcohol related problems which is aimed at local alcohol practitioners and gives advice about the tools and powers available to tackle alcohol-related crime.
The Government are working to improve the way alcohol-related offenders are dealt with in custody and in the community. The National Offender Management Service is taking this work forward which includes; the publication of an alcohol pack for offenders under probation supervision, disseminating across the national probation service learning points from alcohol best practice projects, as well as work to develop two alcohol treatment programmes for prisons.
Additionally, the Government have funded four alcohol arrest referral pilots. These schemes aim to
offer custody-based interventions from a trained worker in order to reduce reoffending. These pilots will be rolled out to 10 new areas, which will ensure that the under 18s will also benefit from these interventions.
Ms Keeble: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what records she holds on levels of binge drinking by (a) men and (b) women over the last 10 years, broken down by age groups. 
Mr. Coaker: The Home Office does not routinely collect records on levels of binge drinking by age and gender although a number of ad hoc studies have been published over the past decade. These are as listed.
It is also worth noting that there is no universally agreed definition of binge drinking, but the term has generally been used to describe a pattern of drinking that involves drinking alcohol to excess over a short period of time.
Underage drinking: findings from the 2004 Offending, Crime and Justice Survey Matthews et al (2006) Home Office Findings 277). The report can be found here:
Findings from the 2003 Offending, Crime and Justice Survey: alcohol related crime and disorder. Matthews, S. and Richardson, A. (2005) Home Office Findings 261). The report can be found here:
Alcohol, Crime and disorder: a study of young adults. Richardson, A. and Budd, T. (2003) Home Office Research Study 263). The report can be found here:
Drunk and disorderly: a qualitative study of binge drinking among 18 to 24-year-olds, Engineer et al, (2003) Home Office research Study 262. The report can be found here:
The impact of the Licensing Act 2003 on levels of crime and disorder: an evaluation. The report can be found here:
Mr. Graham Stuart: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many people were (a) cautioned, (b) prosecuted and (c) given a penalty notice for disorder for selling alcohol to people under the age of 18 years in each constituency in Yorkshire and the Humber in each of the last five years; and if she will make a statement. 
The number of persons issued with a caution, penalty notice for disorder, or proceeded against at magistrates courts for the offence of selling alcohol to people under the age of 18 years in Humberside, North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, and West Yorkshire police force areas for the years 2002 to 2006 can be viewed in tables 1 and 2 as follows.
|N umber of persons issued with a caution, or proceeded against at magistrates courts for certain alcohol offences in the Humberside, North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire and West Yorkshire police force areas for the years 2002 to 2006( 1,2,3,4)|
|Proceeded against||Cautions( 5)|
|Force||2002||2003||2004||2005( 3)||2006( 3)||2002||2003||2004||2005( 3)||2006( 3)|
|(1) These data are on the principal offence basis.|
(2) Data include the following offence descriptions and corresponding statutes:
Holder of occasional permission or his agent knowingly selling to,
knowingly allow consumption by or allowing any person to sell,
intoxicating liquor to a person under 18. Selling etc intoxicating liquor to person under 18 for consumption on the premises.
Licensing (Occasional Permissions) Act 1983 Schedule (Sec 3) para 4(1). Licensing Act 1964 Sec 169(1).
Sale of alcohol to a person Under 18,
Licensing Act 2003 S.146(1).
Wholesaler selling intoxicating liquor to a person under 18,
Licensing Act 1964 Sec 181A(1) as added by Licensing Act 1988 Sec 17.
Allow sale of alcohol to an individual under 18,
Licensing Act 2003 Sec 147(1) and (5).
(3) The Licensing Act 2003 came into force on 24 November 2005.
(4) Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts, other agencies, and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.
(5) From 1 June 2000 the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 came into force nationally and removed the use of cautions for persons under 18 and replaced them with reprimands and final warnings.
Reprimands and final warnings are included in the above data.
Court proceedings data held by RDSOffice for Criminal Justice ReformMinistry of Justice
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