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All High Court appointments in the past 12 months have been subject to open competition. Appointments to the Court of Appeal in the past 12 months have been made from among the judges of the High Court by a special selection panel of the Judicial Appointments Commission, chaired by the Lord Chief
Justice. No Heads of Division have been appointed in the past 12 months. The process of application to apply for appointment to the High Court was introduced in 1998, although the Lord Chancellor retained the right to appoint without application if he chose to do so until the implementation of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005.
Mr. Straw: All current High Court judges have had previous judicial experience either as Circuit Judges., Recorders, or deputy High Court judges, or a combination of these. All current Heads of Division and Lords Justices have previous experience of the levels of the judiciary below them.
Keith Vaz: To ask the Secretary of State for Justice (1) how many people who applied for senior judicial posts in (a) the last 12 months and (b) the last 10 years have a record of previous judicial experience; 
Mr. Straw: In the 2006-07 High Court exercise, 136 applied who had previous judicial experience. This equates to 94 per cent. Information relating to the years before the launch of the Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC), in April 2006, cannot be accessed in the time available. I will write to my right hon. Friend once the information has been collated and place copies in the Libraries of each House.
Mr. Garnier: To ask the Secretary of State for Justice at what intervals risk assessments are carried out on each life sentenced prisoner in order to assess (a) progress, (b) readiness to progress to a lower category prison and (c) other relevant factors. 
Mr. Hanson: Risk assessments on life sentenced prisoners are carried out at annual sentence planning reviews. At the annual review, the previous risk assessment is reviewed and updated. The review of risk assessment will take into account progress in prison, readiness for re-categorisation and all other relevant factors.
At any of the annual reviews, consideration of the prisoners risks may prompt the need for further specialist reports. Other specialist risk assessment tools may be utilised depending on the nature of the index offence and the presenting risk factors.
At least every three years, a full set of review reports is prepared by all professionals involved in working with the offender. These reports provide an ongoing picture of the offender's development during the
sentence and help to provide detailed information on the offenders progress to the Parole Board. The risk assessment is also reviewed and updated.
Maria Eagle: In England and Wales, the Citizens Advice Miscarriages of Justice Support Service, which we fund, provides advice, guidance and support to such victims. Additionally, section 133 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 provides, in certain specified circumstances, for payment of compensation following the quashing of some convictions.
The civil procedure rules state that all claims for the repossession of land must be commenced in the district in which the land is situated. However, county courts jurisdictions are not coterminous with the borough boundaries, and therefore any single court's repossession actions are likely to relate to homes in a number of different boroughs.
|Number of mortgage( 1) possession orders( 2, 3) made in the county courts( 4) in the east of England|
|(1) Mortgage possession data include all types of lenders whether local authority or private.|
(2 )The court, following a judicial hearing, may grant an order for possession immediately. This entitles the claimant to apply for a warrant to have the defendant evicted. However, even where a warrant for possession is issued, the parties can still negotiate a compromise to prevent eviction.
(3 )Includes suspended orders and orders made.
(4 )Does not include the small number of possession actions entered in the High Court.
(5) The rollout of the Possession Claim On-Line (PCOL) system in late 2006 has affected the availability of court-level data on mortgage possession orders. As a result it is only possible to provide court-level figures for those courts with direct on-site PCOL access for 2007. Therefore, upward adjustments have been made for the missing data at HMCS regional level, provided at the end of the table.
Ministry of Justice
Damian Green: To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what assessment he has made of the effect on prisoners seeking to contact Jobcentre Plus of the change to an exclusively telephone-based claims system; and if he will make a statement. 
The Secretary of State has asked me to reply to your question asking what assessment he has made of the effect on prisoners seeking to contact Jobcentre Plus of the change to an exclusively telephone-based claims system.
No assessment has taken place specifically for prisoners with regard to the effect of the introduction of telephone based claims.
However, in recognition of the fact that offenders have particular difficulties in returning to the labour market, Jobcentre Plus operates the Freshstart process to improve the transition from custody to work. This enables prisoners to have a New Jobseeker Interview arranged for them at their local Jobcentre Plus office, normally within 48 hours of release.
Freshstart runs alongside the telephone based claims process, so that prisoners can continue to access the full range of Jobcentre Plus programmes and services.
Jobcentre Plus has Employment and Benefit Surgery (EBS) Advisers working in prisons who book many of the Freshstart appointments and offer advice and signposting to other benefits, as well as help and support with job search activity, training opportunities and programmes such as New Deal and Progress2work-LinkUp.
Although our preference is to take new claims over the telephone, customers who are unable to use the telephone still have alternative methods of contacting us available, which include:
arranging for a third party/nominated advocate to do this on their behalf;
an option for the customer still to have a face-to-face interview at their local Jobcentre Plus office; or where appropriate, a home visit can be arranged;
text phone facility;
having access to language interpreting services as and when necessary;
use of our e-service to submit information over the internet and register an intent to claim.
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