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12 Nov 2008 : Column 1232W—continued

Departmental Buildings

Mr. Maude: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development pursuant to the answer of the hon. Member for Rochford and Southend East of 6 October 2008, Official Report, columns 101-102W, on departmental buildings, what the cost of each refurbishment was. [233419]


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Mr. Douglas Alexander: The information requested is as follows:

Country office Place Classification Completed Cost (£)

DFID Pakistan

Islamabad

New build and refurbishment

May 2006

2,450,000

DFID Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

New build

September 2006

3,350,000

DFID Sudan

Khartoum

New build and refurbishment

November 2007

2,700,00

DFID Afghanistan

Kabul

New build

August 2006

1,100,000

DFID Uganda

Kampala

New build

December 2007

3,950,000

DFID Nigeria

Kano

Refurbishment

October 2006

122,000

DFID Nigeria

Abuja

Refurbishment

July 2008

297,000

DFID Indonesia

Jakarta

Refurbishment

July 2008

47,000


Developing Countries: Construction

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of work undertaken in relation to developing countries by the Construction Sector Transparency Initiative. [233775]

Mr. Thomas: The Construction Sector Transparency (CoST) initiative was launched in Tanzania on 22 May 2008. It is too early at this stage to evaluate the effectiveness of this initiative. A series of baseline studies will be initiated in each pilot country providing a basis against which the effectiveness of CoST will be assessed.

Progress has been made in the set up of CoST. An international secretariat has been appointed and is now working with seven countries to establish local multi-stakeholder groups—including Government, private sector and civil society—which will then agree and take forward country work programmes. The Governments of Ethiopia, Malawi, Philippines, Tanzania, United Kingdom, Vietnam and Zambia have all committed to implement the pilot programme. The World Bank and Secretariat are active in providing technical support to these CoST countries. An International Advisory Group (IAG), made up of representatives from CoST countries, international NGOs, construction companies, and professional organisations as well as DFID and the World Bank has been set up to review outcomes of the pilot programme. The first meeting of the IAG will be held in Manila, Philippines in January 2009.

Developing Countries: Economic Growth

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development when the study by the School of Oriental and African Studies of the governance capabilities and reforms that facilitate high growth over a long period will be published. [233795]

Mr. Michael Foster: Professor Mushtaq Khan from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) is undertaking a research programme entitled Growth and Governance Research. The first part of the report is due in mid-November 2008 and the subsequent parts
12 Nov 2008 : Column 1234W
of this research will be reported on in 2009. Each of the reports will appear on the Department for International Development's (DFID) Research for Development portal:

Developing Countries: Medical Treatments

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the country pilots launched by the Medicines Transparency Alliance on increasing transparency and accountability in the medicines supply chain. [233776]

Mr. Ivan Lewis: The Medicines Transparency Alliance (MeTA) was launched by the Secretary of State on 15 May 2008. It is too early at this stage to evaluate the effectiveness of this initiative. Scoping reports that informed the design of MeTA, and a series of baseline studies now being initiated in each country, will provide a basis against which the effectiveness of MeTA can be judged at the end of the pilot phase. Effectiveness will be measured in terms of increased transparency and accountability around the price, availability, quality and promotion of medicines.

Progress has been made in implementing MeTA. An international secretariat has been appointed and is now working with seven countries to establish local multi-stakeholder groups—including Government, private sector and civil society—which will then agree and take forward country work programmes. The Philippines is already implementing MeTA and launch dates have been set in Ghana, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan and Peru. Work continues with Uganda and Zambia to finalise their plans. The World Bank and World Health Organisation are active in providing technical support to MeTA countries. And the first meeting of the International Advisory Group was successfully held in London in September. It was attended by representatives from the MeTA countries and leading figures from international NGOs, pharmaceutical companies, professional organisations, investors and international development partners.

Further information on MeTA can be found at

Developing Countries: Natural Resources

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what progress has been made through the United Nations in establishing the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative as a global standard. [233777]

Mr. Thomas: In September 2008, at the 62nd session of the UN General Assembly, a resolution was passed by consensus calling on all member states to “Strengthen Transparency in Industries”, in which the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) was noted as a key voluntary initiative for increasing transparency within the extractive industries.

The UK co-sponsored the resolution, in collaboration with other UN member states, and played a leading role in supporting the Government of Azerbaijan to table the resolution and negotiate the text with member states.


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Commitment to the EITI continues to expand globally. It now has 23 implementing countries and is supported by developed countries, international and domestic companies and civil society organisations in both the North and the South.

Developing Countries: Politics and Government

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the Governance and Transparency Fund in the development of accountability mechanisms between citizens and Governments in developing countries. [233781]

Mr. Ivan Lewis: Implementation of the 38 programmes being supported through the Governance and Transparency Fund has only recently begun. We do not, as yet, have any project reports on which to base assessments. However, development of accountability mechanisms between citizens and Governments is central to the fund and is an area which future reports will focus on.

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how many countries are receiving money from the Governance and Transparency Fund in 2008-09. [233782]

Mr. Ivan Lewis: 38 programmes are being funded through the Governance and Transparency Fund. These programmes are supporting activities in over 100 countries worldwide.

Human Rights: Women

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what financial support his Department has provided to UNIFEM's regional programme on Empowering Women Migrant Workers in Asia in each of the last five years. [233793]

Mr. Michael Foster: The Department for International Development's (DFID) contribution to UNIFEM's regional programme on Empowering Women Migrant Workers in Asia began in 2005. By calendar year the sums disbursed have been:

Calendar year Sums disbursed (£)

2005

1,170,656

2006

130,000

2007

589,108

2008

321,120


DFID also provides about £3 million a year to UNIFEM centrally as core funding.

India: Children

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what estimate he has made of the number of out-of-school children there were in India in (a) 2006 and (b) 2007. [233794]

Mr. Michael Foster: On the basis of Government of India reporting and an independent study, it is estimated that there were : (a) 13.4 million children aged six to
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14 years out of school in academic year 2005/06; and (b) 7.5 million children aged six to 14 years out of school in academic year 2006/07.

India: HIV Infection

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what progress has been made in reducing the incidence of HIV and AIDS in India among (a) women, (b) men who have sex with men, (c) injecting drug users, (d) sex workers and (e) prisoners. [233814]

Mr. Michael Foster: HIV incidence data are difficult to collect on a large scale. According to India's National AIDS Commission, the HIV prevalence rate among women in India fell from 0.36 per cent. in 2002 and 0.27 per cent. in 2007, showing good progress in containing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the general population. In the same five-year period, the Department for International Development (DFID) contributed over £69 million towards halting the AIDS epidemic in India, working both with Government and directly with civil society

HIV prevalence data for specific high-risk groups only became available India-wide in 2006. The National AIDS Commission reports prevalence among sex workers of 4.9 per cent. in 2006 and 5.1 per cent. in 2007; among injecting drug users of 6.9 per cent. in 2006 and 7.2 per cent. in 2007; and among men who have sex with men of 6.4 per cent. in 2006 and 7.4 per cent. in 2007. No disaggregated data are currently available nationwide on prisoners. DFID's support to the National AIDS Control Programme III began in 2007 and emphasises targeted interventions for high-risk groups.

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what funding his Department has provided to the BBC World Service for campaigns to counter HIV and AIDS in India in each of the last five years. [233815]

Mr. Michael Foster: The Department for International Development (DFID) provided the following funding to the BBC World Service Trust between 2003 and 2008 for HIV and AIDS campaigns supporting the Government of India's national AIDS control programme:

£
Financial year Amount funded

2003-04

505,167

2004-05

1,438,693

2005-06

2,928,106

2006-07

1,920,279

2007-08

223,850


India: Overseas Aid

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much his Department spent to tackle HIV and AIDS in India in each of the last five years. [233726]

Mr. Michael Foster: The Department for International's (DFID) country programme in India spent the following on tackling HIV and AIDS in the each of the last five years:


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£

2003-04

5,523,054

2004-05

11,139,692

2005-06

21,462,197

2006-07

28,670,852

2007-08

27,432,842


In addition, DFID's multilateral funding to such institutions as UNAIDS, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank supports a range of HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment and care activities in India, as does the support channelled centrally to civil society organisations.

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much funding his Department has provided to the Indian Network of Positive People living with HIV and AIDS in each of the last five years. [233727]

Mr. Michael Foster: The Department for International Development (DFID) provided £217,215 to the Indian Network of Positive People living with HIV and AIDS between February 2006 and March 2007. The purpose was to enhance the contribution of people living with AIDS in national efforts to halt the HIV epidemic in India.

In addition, DFID is currently supporting the Global Network of People Living with HIV and AIDS to (i) develop its institutional capacity and involve its global and regional networks in designing and implementing AIDS programmes at country level and (ii) strengthen civil society nationally to deliver informed, evidence-based HIV and AIDS advocacy. Some of this support benefits the Indian Network of Positive People living with HIV and AIDS.

John Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much funding his Department has provided for the delivery of water and other urban services in Kolkata, Hyderabad and Bhopal in 2008-09; and what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of that expenditure. [233788]

Mr. Michael Foster: During 2008-09 the Department for International Development (DFID) has provided funds for the improvement of urban services as follows: Kolkata, £6.76 million; Bhopal, £0.44 million; no funds have been provided in Hyderabad this year. The effectiveness of the project expenditure is formally reviewed on an annual basis by DFID staff in conjunction with Government partners.

The latest annual reviews of each of the projects have projected that they will be successful. Household surveys in West Bengal show that the percentage of the urban poor has reduced from 33 per cent. in 1998 to 18 per cent. in 2006, with the rate of decline being faster in the project municipalities. Property tax receipts, the primary source of municipal revenue, have increased by between 11 and 14 per cent. as a result of improved tax collection procedures. Policy achievements include the introduction of new state legislation mandating that 25 per cent. of municipal revenues are spent on poor people. Development plans for the further improvement of basic services have been prepared on the basis of community priorities in each of the project municipalities and are now under implementation.


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