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The following table shows the number of final year initial teacher training (ITT) trainees for each academic year between 2001/02 and 2006/07 who gained qualified teacher status (QTS) in their final year of training for employment based routes (EBR) trainees. Information relating to the number of trainees gaining QTS through employment based routes was only collected from 2001/02 onwards and the employment status of trainees through EBR is not collected.
|Employment based routes (EBR) final year ITT trainees|
|Academic year||Total number of EBR trainees in their final year||Number of EBR final year trainees gaining QTS( 1)||Proportion of EBR final year trainees who gain QTS (percentage)|
|(1 )Those who failed to gain QTS include those who are yet to complete their course, those who left before the end of their course, those who had their QTS withheld, those who have not taken the skills test and those with an unknown outcome.|
1. Includes trainees through employment based routes (EBR) only.
2. Numbers are individually rounded to the nearest 10.
TDA performance profiles.
The following table shows the proportion of full and part-time teachers in maintained schools who were still teaching in the maintained sector three years after gaining QTS, by the year which they gained QTS.
|Percentage of full and part-time( 1) teachers that qualified in a particular year and were still in service in the maintained sector in England three years later|
|Year qualified( 2)||First year in service( 3)||Percentage in full or part-time service three years later|
|(1 )Teachers in part-time service are under-recorded on the DTR by between 10 and 20 per cent. and therefore these figures may be slightly underestimated.|
(2 )Calendar year in which the teachers qualified.
(3 )Financial year during which the teachers entered service.
Database of Teacher Records (DTR)
Mrs. Hodgson: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what steps he has taken to implement part 3.11 of the Ten Year Youth Strategy to increase participation in activities among disabled young people. 
Sarah McCarthy-Fry: Empowering all young people to have genuine influence over local activities is crucial to increasing their participation. The commitments in Aiming High for Young People are designed to support all young people but with extra focus for those who need it most, such as those with disabilities, so that all can participate in a meaningful way.
Commitments include the continuation of the Youth Opportunity and Capital Funds, through which young people make decisions about new provision, until at least 2011. A recently published evaluation of the Funds over their first two years, 2006-08, concluded that local authorities had generally been successful in engaging young people with disabilities, both as decision makers and applicants.
This drive to increase participation is being complemented by the transformation of short break provision signalled in Aiming High for Disabled Children. £269 million is being provided by DCSF to local authorities in England over the 2008-11 period to improve radically
access for children and young people to breaksincluding those which promote personal and social development through positive activities.
Annette Brooke: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what estimate he has made of the number of suicides of people aged 16 years or under in which bullying was a factor in each of the last five years; and if he will make a statement. 
Sarah McCarthy-Fry: The Department does not collect this information centrally. We take bullying very seriously and it is compulsory for schools to have a policy in place to prevent and tackle bullying. We are aware that many external studies link being bullied to outcomes such as anxiety, depression, low self esteem and, in some extreme cases, suicide. The findings of these studies have informed the content of our Safe to Learn anti-bullying guidance and our wider work to prevent and tackle bullying in schools.
Gregory Barker: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change what recent steps have been taken by the African Springboard Initiative; what assessment he has made of its progress; and if he will make a statement. 
Joan Ruddock: The African Springboard has been renamed Africarbonthis name was suggested and chosen by the existing partners and to satisfy legal obligations. Africarbon has been registered as a UK limited liability company and a website has been developed. We hope that a CEO will be recruited by spring 2009 and Africarbon will be formally launched.
Mr. Meacher: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change what estimate his Department has made of the level of carbon dioxide emissions from the UK in each year since 1990, (a) broken down by sector and (b) in respect of (i) aviation and (ii) shipping. 
Joan Ruddock: Estimated UK carbon dioxide emissions by year over this period are published as National Statistics. The latest year for which data are available is 2006. The headline results from 1990 to 2006 and sectoral breakdowns for each year can be found on the website of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs website.
(a) Two breakdowns are published for each year: by source and by end-user. The former breakdown is based on the sector where the emissions actually occurred; the latter breakdown reallocates these same emissions in accordance with where the end-use actually occurred. This effectively re-allocates emissions from energy supply to, for example, household and business energy usage.
(b) Emissions from domestic aviation and shipping over the period are also shown in the tables; both the source and end-source breakdowns are shown, also based on National Communications sectors.
Emissions from international aviation and shipping can only be estimated from refuelling from bunkers at UK airports and ports, whether by UK or non-UK operators. These are recorded as memo items in the UKs Greenhouse Gas Inventory, as reported by DEFRA to the UNFCCC, but do not count towards national totals. This is because there is no agreement on how, or whether, to allocate emissions from these sources to individual countries.
The following tables provide figures for both international aviation and shipping over the period in question. Since these items are only included in our UNFCCC reporting, they are based on sectors as defined for this purpose by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
|Carbon dioxide emissions by source sector: 1990-2006|
|million tonnes of CO 2|
|NC c ategory||1990||1991||1992||1993||1994||1995||1996||1997||1998||1999|
|million tonnes of CO 2|
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