Tristan da Cunha
Key industries: agriculture, fishing and stamp
523. Tristan da Cunha is the most remote inhabited
island in the world lying 2778 kilometres west of Cape Town. It
is almost circular in shape and has an area of 98 square kilometres.
The Settlement of Edinburgh of the Seven Seas in the Northwest
is its only inhabited area. Tristan da Cunha and the neighbouring
islands of Nightingale, Inaccessible and Gough comprise the Tristan
da Cunha group. Gough and Inaccessible Island are World Heritage
524. Tristan da Cunha was discovered in 1506
by the Portuguese navigator Tristao da Cunha. Britain garrisoned
it in 1816 to prevent it being used as a base to rescue Napoleon
from St Helena.
525. The Administrator is advised by an Island
Council. The Council consists of eight elected and three nominated
members. One member of the Council must be a woman. The member
with the most votes becomes Chief Islander. Elections are held
every three years. The last elections took place in November 2003.
526. The Committee received three submissions
from Tristan da Cunha: two from the Island's Chief Islander and
one from the Managing Director of Ovenstones, the main employer
on the Island.
- We welcome the Government's
swift provision of assistance to Tristan da Cunha following harbour
damage and an outbreak of illness on the Island. We recommend
that the Government continues to provide funding for projects
on Tristan da Cunha, focusing on projects that will promote greater
self-sufficiency. We also recommend that the FCO makes representations
to China to try to open UK-China trade agreements to the sale
of Tristan lobster. (para 360)