Memorandum submitted by the Border and
Immigration Agency, Home Office
1. Central to the design of the new system
is a new five Tier framework which will cover all the main routes
to work, study or train in the UK. A clear and transparent points-based
approach will determine which migrants will be successful with
their applications and the use of sponsors will help ensure that
the system is not being abused. The Points Based System (PBS)
goes live from the first quarter of 2008. The PBS will be structured
in the following way:
Tier 1: Highly skilled individuals to
contribute to growth and productivity, replacing the existing
schemes such as the Highly Skilled Migrant Programme, Innovators
and the International Graduate Scheme.
Tier 2: Skilled workers with a job offer
to fill gaps in UK labour force will replace the current Work
Permit scheme. Skilled migrants coming to work in the UK under
the PBS will need to pass the resident labour market test (RLMT)
unless the job is a shortage occupation or above a certain salary
threshold. All jobs under Tier 2 must be at a suitable skill level
(National Vocational Qualification 3 equivalent and above) and
the job must pay a UK appropriate salary.
Tier 3: Low skilled workers needed to
fill specific temporary labour shortages. There are no current
plans to introduce this tier.
Tier 4: Students will enter under Tier
4. All education institutions which are not publicly funded will
need to be accredited by one of the BIA approved Accreditation
Bodies in order to prove their bona fides and become sponsors
of international students.
Tier 5: Youth mobility and temporary workers:
people allowed to work in the UK for a limited period who we would
want to allow into the UK for cultural or international relations
rather than principally economic reasons.
2. The PBS will be implemented in stages.
The first stage (Tier 1) is due to be implemented in the first
quarter of 2008. We will also introduce sponsorship arrangements
from the first quarter of 2008, to enable employers and educational
establishments to obtain a sponsorship licence in advance of Tiers
2, 4 and 5 being introduced at a later date.
Tier 1: will begin to be implemented from
the first quarter of 2008.
Tier 2: will be launched in the third
quarter of 2008.
Tier 3: will only take effect when and
if specific low-skilled labour shortages are identified, and restrictions
on the employment rights of A2 nationals are lifted.
Tier 4: will be launched in the first
quarter of 2009.
Tier 5: will be launched in the third
quarter of 2008.
3. We are introducing the Points Based System
so that those the UK needs can come to work and study. We have
established an independent Migration Advisory Committee to recommend
where in the economy migration is needed and where it is not.
We have committed to produce detailed Impact Assessments for each
of the tiers of the new system and these will be published as
each tier is introduced.
4. Migration Advisory Committee
The Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) is a
non-statutory, non-time limited Non-Departmental Public Body.
MAC membership will be announced shortly and the MAC will be fully
operational by April
2008.The MAC Chair has been appointed: David Metcalf,
Professor of Industrial Relations at the London School of Economics
(LSE). The MAC will provide independent and evidence-based advice
to Government on specific sectors and occupations in the labour
market where shortages exist which can sensibly be filled by migration.
MAC will meet quarterly and more frequently if required.
5. Migration Impacts Forum
The Migration Impacts Forum (MIF) was announced
on 28 March 2007. The MIF provides a forum for proper, regular
and organised dialogue with front-line professionals from service
providers, focussed on the wider impacts associated with migration
experienced by local areas. Meetings are thematic and will bring
in experts and stakeholders relating to these themes beyond the
MIF's core membership as required. Areas of work include Community
Cohesion; Health and Social Care; Employment and Skills; Housing;
Crime and Disorder.
23 November 2007