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Public Bill Committee: 23 June 2009                     

244

 

Equality Bill, continued

 
 

discrimination as employees.

 


 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

271

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  180,  line  15,  leave out ‘an’ and insert ‘genuine’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This brings the wording into line with the European Community law.

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

272

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  180,  line  16,  leave out from ‘is’ to ‘and’ and insert ‘objectively

 

justified by a legitimate aim and the means of achieving that aim are appropiate and

 

necessary’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This brings the wording into line with the European Community law.

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

268

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  180,  line  36,  at end insert—

 

‘(c)    

sub-paragraph (3)(a) does not apply to a transsexual person who has a

 

gender recognition certificate.’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

An amendment to ensure you cannot have a genuine occupational requirement that a person is or

 

is not a transsexual.

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

273

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  180,  line  37,  after ‘sex’, insert ‘or age’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

Makes the exemption for age the same as that for sex, with respect to sub-paragraph(1).

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

275

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  181,  line  31,  at end insert—

 

‘(g)    

a requirement related to religion or belief, where sub-paragraph 4A

 

applies’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment allows discrimination on grounds of religion or belief under narrower grounds

 

than paragraph (3) of Schedule 9, where the employee is performing a public function.

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

276

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  181,  line  31,  at end insert—

 

  ‘(4A)  

This subsection applies where A is—


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 23 June 2009                     

245

 

Equality Bill, continued

 
 

(a)    

acting on behalf of a public authority,

 

(b)    

acting under contract to a public authority, or

 

(c)    

otherwise acting in the exercise of a public function’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment allows discrimination on grounds of religion or belief under narrower grounds

 

than paragraph (3) of Schedule 9, where the employee is performing a public function.

 

John Mason

 

44

 

Schedule  9,  page  181,  line  33,  leave out ‘proportionate’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

The addition of a new proportionality test narrows the scope of existing exceptions for religious

 

employment. This amendment, in conjunction with the amendment to leave out sub-paragraph (8),

 

retains the status quo.

 

The Solicitor General

 

68

 

Schedule  9,  page  181,  line  36,  leave out ‘work’ and insert ‘employment’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment would ensure that paragraph 2 of Schedule 9 refers consistently to

 

“employment”.

 

John Mason

 

45

 

Schedule  9,  page  181,  line  37,  leave out ‘proportionate’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

The addition of a new proportionality test narrows the scope of existing exceptions for religious

 

employment. This amendment, in conjunction with the Amendment to leave out sub-paragraph (8),

 

retains the status quo.

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

269

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  181,  line  38,  at end insert—

 

‘(4A)    

“Proportionate means” in paragraph 2(5) and 2(6) means “objectively justified by

 

a legitimate aim and the means of achieving that aim are appropriate and

 

necessary.”’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

Aligning the definition of proportionate means with that found in Community law.

 

John Mason

 

42

 

Schedule  9,  page  181,  line  41,  leave out sub-paragraph (8) and insert—

 

‘(8)    

Employment is for the purposes of an organised religion if—

 

(a)    

A has an ethos based on religion or belief, or

 

(b)    

the employment wholly or mainly involves—

 

(i)    

leading or assisting in the observation of liturgical or ritualistic

 

practices of the religion, or

 

(ii)    

promoting or explaining the doctrine of the religion (whether to

 

followers of the religion or to others).’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

Sub-paragraph (8) narrows the scope of existing exceptions for religious employment. This

 

amendment would instead broaden the scope of the exceptions to benefit all religious


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 23 June 2009                     

246

 

Equality Bill, continued

 
 

organisations.

 

John Mason

 

43

 

Schedule  9,  page  181,  line  41,  leave out sub-paragraph (8).

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

Sub-paragraph (8) narrows the scope of existing exceptions for religious employment. This

 

amendment, in conjunction with the amendments to lines 33 and 37, retains the status quo.

 

Mr Mark Harper

 

John Penrose

 

Mr John Baron

 

189

 

Schedule  9,  page  181,  line  42,  leave out ‘wholly or’.

 

John Mason

 

46

 

Schedule  9,  page  182,  line  6,  leave out from ‘requirement’ to ‘if’ and insert ‘to

 

which sub-paragraph (2) applies’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

Place the exceptions from paragraph 2 of Schedule 9 into paragraph 3, which has a broader

 

framework. This would provide wider protection for the freedom of association of religious bodies.

 

John Mason

 

47

 

Schedule  9,  page  182,  line  13,  at end insert—

 

    ‘(2)  

This paragraph applies to—

 

(a)    

a requirement to be of a particular religion or belief;

 

(b)    

a requirement to be of a particular sex;

 

(c)    

a requirement not to be a transsexual person;

 

(d)    

a requirement not be married or a civil partner;

 

(e)    

a requirement not to be married to, or the civil partner of, a person who

 

has a living former spouse or civil partner;

 

(f)    

a requirement relating to circumstances in which a marriage or civil

 

partnership came to an end;

 

(g)    

a requirement related to sexual orientation.’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

Place the exceptions from paragraph 2 of Schedule 9 into paragraph 3, which has a broader

 

framework. This would provide wider protection for the freedom of association of religious bodies.

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

250

 

Schedule  9,  page  182,  line  14,  at end insert—

 

‘4         

Paragraph 3 does not apply when A is operating—

 

(a)    

on behalf of a public authority, and

 

(b)    

under the terms of contract between the organisation and the public

 

authority.’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

An amendment to ensure that users of public service provided by an organisation with a religious

 

ethos are not subject to conditions or requirements of that ethos.


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 23 June 2009                     

247

 

Equality Bill, continued

 
 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

274

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  182,  line  14,  at end insert—

 

‘4         

Paragraph 3 does not apply when A is—

 

(a)    

acting on behalf of a public authority,

 

(b)    

acting under a contract with a public authority, or

 

(c)    

otherwise acting in the exercise of a public function.’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

An amendment to ensure that users of a public service provided by an organisation with a religious

 

ethos are not subject to religious requirements under this sub-paragraph.

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

264

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  182,  line  22,  leave out sub-paragraph (3) and insert—

 

    ‘(3)  

This Part of this Act, so far as relating to age or disability, does not apply to

 

anything done which is aimed at ensuring combat effectiveness in the armed

 

forces and is an appropriate and necessary means of achieving that aim.’.

 

The Solicitor General

 

69

 

Schedule  9,  page  182,  line  26,  leave out ‘52(1)(b) or (c) or (2)(a) or (b)’ and insert

 

‘52(1) or (2)’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment would expand the scope of the exception in paragraph 5(1) of Schedule 9

 

(permitting discrimination in relation to work for which having a particular protected

 

characteristic is an occupational requirement) so that it applies to all circumstances in Clause

 

52(1) or (2) giving rise to liability.

 

As an Amendment to The Solicitor General’s proposed Amendment (No. 69):—

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

(a)

 

Parliamentary Star    

Line  2,  leave out ‘(2)’ and insert ‘(2)(a), (b) or (c)’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This would prevent individuals from being subject to ‘any other detriment’ under this exemption.

 

The Solicitor General

 

70

 

Schedule  9,  page  182,  line  30,  after ‘52’, insert ‘(1) or (2)’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment would limit the exception in paragraph 5(2) of Schedule 9 (permitting

 

discrimination in relation to training for work for which having a particular protected

 

characteristic is an occupational requirement) so that it applies to discrimination only and not

 

harassment or victimisation.

 

The Solicitor General

 

71

 

Schedule  9,  page  182,  line  33,  leave out ‘52(1)(b) or (c) or (2)(a) or (b)’ and insert

 

‘52(1) or (2)’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 23 June 2009                     

248

 

Equality Bill, continued

 
 

This amendment would expand the scope of the exception in paragraph 5(3) of Schedule 9

 

(permitting discrimination in reliance on a statement that a particular protected characteristic is

 

an occupational requirement) so that it applies to all circumstances in Clause 52(1) or (2) giving

 

rise to liability.

 

Mr David Drew

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

184

 

Schedule  9,  page  183,  line  25,  leave out paragraph 8.

 

Mr David Drew

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

185

 

Schedule  9,  page  183,  line  35,  leave out paragraph 9.

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

246

 

Schedule  9,  page  184,  line  39,  leave out paragraph 11.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

An amendment to prevent discrimination in the level of minimum wage based on age..

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

267

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  9,  page  188,  line  2,  leave out paragraph 18.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

An amendment to prevent discrimination to civil partners in relation to benefits accrued pre-5

 

December 2005

 

The Solicitor General

 

72

 

Schedule  9,  page  188,  line  17,  at end insert—

 

‘( )    

section 38(1) and (3);’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment would bring Clause 38(1) and (3) within the scope of paragraph 19(1) of

 

Schedule 9. A principal would not then be liable under Clause 38 for discrimination or

 

victimisation relating to the provision of a benefit, facility or service to the public (as in existing

 

law).

 

The Solicitor General

 

73

 

Schedule  9,  page  188,  line  26,  at end insert—

 

‘( )    

in relation to section 38(1) and (3), the other contract workers supplied

 

to the principal;’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment would provide that “comparable persons” means other contract workers

 

supplied to a principal, when determining whether provision of a benefit, facility or service by a

 

principal to a contract worker differs in a material respect for the purposes of paragraph 19(3)(a)

 

of Schedule 9.


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 23 June 2009                     

249

 

Equality Bill, continued

 
 

The Solicitor General

 

74

 

Schedule  9,  page  188,  line  32,  at end insert—

 

‘( )    

the terms on which the principal allows B to do the contract work,’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment would provide that “B’s terms” means the terms on which the principal allows a

 

contract worker to work, when determining whether the provision of a benefit, facility or service

 

by the principal is regulated by B’s terms for the purposes of paragraph 19(3)(b) of Schedule 9.

 


 

John Mason

 

100

 

Clause  79,  page  59,  line  37,  leave out paragraph (c).

 


 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

233

 

Clause  80,  page  16,  line  11,  leave out subsection (10).

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment extends protection against harassment on grounds of sexual orientation, gender

 

reassignment and religion or belief in relation to part 6 (education). Harassment is defined in a

 

more limited way.

 


 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

253

 

Schedule  11,  page  198,  line  31,  leave out paragraph 5 and insert—

 

‘5  (1)  

Section 80(1) and (2)(a) to (d), so far as relating to religion or belief, does not

 

apply in relation to—

 

(a)    

a school, other than an academy, registered in the register of

 

independent schools for England or for Wales, if the school’s entry in

 

the register records that the school has a religious ethos;

 

(b)    

a school in the register of independent schools for Scotland if the

 

school admits only pupils who belong, or whose parents belong, to one

 

or more particular denominations;

 

(c)    

a school registered in that register if the school is conducted in the

 

interest of a church or denominational body.

 

      (2)  

Section 80 (2)(a) to (d), so far as relating to religion or belief, does not apply

 

in relation to—

 

(a)    

a school designated under section 69(3) of the School Standards and

 

Framework Act 1998 (foundation or voluntary school with religious

 

character);

 

(b)    

a school transferred to an education authority under section 16 of the

 

Education (Scotland) Act 1980 (transfer of certain schools to


 
 

Public Bill Committee: 23 June 2009                     

250

 

Equality Bill, continued

 
 

education authorities) which is conducted in the interest of a church or

 

denominational body;

 

(c)    

a school provided by an education authority under section 17(2) of that

 

Act (denominational schools);

 

(d)    

a grant-aided school (within the meaning of that Act) which is

 

conducted in the interest of a church or denominational body.’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment would ensure that discrimination in admissions by religion or belief in state

 

maintained schools and academies with a religious character is subject to the general prohibition

 

on discrimination in education admissions.

 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

254

 

Schedule  11,  page  199,  line  7,  leave out paragraph 6.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment would remove the exemption for acts of worship from Clause 80(2)(a) to (d),

 

which makes it illegal for schools to discriminate in their treatment of pupils.

 


 

Dr Evan Harris

 

Lynne Featherstone

 

270

 

Parliamentary Star    

Schedule  12,  page  202,  line  1,  after ‘so’, insert ‘only so far as it is necessary’.

 


 

The Solicitor General

 

75

 

Clause  92,  page  70,  line  6,  after ‘a’, insert ‘relevant’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

This amendment and amendments 76 and 77 would make in relation to educational qualifications

 

corrections corresponding to the corrections that amendments 62 and 63 would make in relation

 

to work qualifications.

 

The Solicitor General

 

76

 

Clause  92,  page  70,  line  7,  after ‘a’, insert ‘relevant’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement

 

See the explanatory statement for amendment 75.

 

The Solicitor General

 

77

 

Clause  92,  page  70,  line  7,  at end insert—

 

‘( )    

A reference in section 91(8), (10) or (11) to a qualification is a reference to a

 

relevant qualification.’.

 

Member’s explanatory statement


 
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