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Law Commission Bill [HL]


These notes refer to the Law Commission Bill [HL] as brought from the House of Lords on 1 June 2009 [Bill 101]




1.     These Explanatory Notes relate to the Law Commission Bill [HL] as brought from the House of Lords on 1 June 2009. They have been provided by the Ministry of Justice, with the consent of Emily Thornberry, the Member in charge of the Bill, in order to assist the reader of the Bill and to help inform debate on it. They do not form part of the Bill and have not been endorsed by Parliament.

2.     The notes need to be read in conjunction with the Bill. They are not, and are not meant to be, a comprehensive description of the Bill. So where a clause or part of a clause does not seem to require and explanation or comment, none is given.


3.     The Bill creates a duty on the Lord Chancellor to report to Parliament on the implementation of Law Commission proposals. The Bill also provides that the Lord Chancellor and Law Commission may agree a protocol about the Law Commission’s work.


4.     The Law Commission is constituted under section 1 of the Law Commissions Act 1965 (“the 1965 Act”). It consists of a Chairman and four other Commissioners appointed by the Lord Chancellor. The purpose of the body is to promote the reform of the law of England and Wales.

5.     The functions of the Law Commission are set out in section 3 of the 1965 Act. These include keeping the law under review with a view to “its systematic development and reform”. The Law Commission may, pursuant to recommendations approved by the Lord Chancellor, examine particular branches of law and formulate proposals for reform. It may also prepare programmes of consolidation and statute law revision, pursuant to any programme approved by the Lord Chancellor.

6.     Section 3 of the 1965 Act also deals with the relationship between the Law Commission, the Lord Chancellor and Parliament. The Lord Chancellor must lay Bill 101—EN                                              54/4 before Parliament programmes prepared by the Law Commission that he has approved and proposals for reform. The Law Commission must make an annual report to the Lord Chancellor and the Lord Chancellor must lay this report before Parliament.

7.     The Scottish Law Commission and the Northern Ireland Law Commission are devolved to their respective administrations. The Bill is solely directed towards the Law Commission (of England and Wales).


8.     The Bill has the same extent as the 1965 Act, that is, it extends to the whole of the UK.


Clause 1: Reports on implementation of Law Commission proposals

9.     Clause 1 inserts a new section 3A into the 1965 Act. The following references to subsections are references to subsections of that new section 3A.

10.     Subsection (1) requires the Lord Chancellor to prepare an annual report, which must be laid before Parliament, on the implementation of Law Commission proposals. The Lord Chancellor will also be required to set out plans for dealing with any Law Commission proposals which have not been implemented and provide the reasoning behind decisions not to implement proposals. The clause provides a mechanism through which Government is to account for the way in which it has dealt with Law Commission proposals.

11.     Subsections (4) and (5) provide that once a decision is taken not to implement a Law Commission proposal, it does not need to be addressed again by the Lord Chancellor in later reports.

12.     Subsection (6) sets out the meaning of “Law Commission proposal” by reference to section 3(1)(c) and (d) of the 1965 Act. Such a proposal is either one formulated after the Law Commission has examined a particular branch of the law (see section 3(1)(c)) or a proposal for consolidation or statue law revision for which a draft Bill has been prepared (see section 3(1)(d)).

Clause 2: Protocol about the Law Commission’s work

13.     Clause 2 inserts a new section 3B into the 1965 Act. The following references to subsections are references to subsections of that new section 3B.

14.     Subsection (1) provides that the Lord Chancellor and Law Commission may agree a protocol about the Law Commission’s work. The protocol is designed to provide a framework for the relationship between the UK Government and the Law Commission. The Lord Chancellor must lay the protocol before Parliament.

15.     Subsection (2) sets out examples of what matters the protocol may include. For example, it may include provision about the principles and methods to be applied in deciding the work to be carried out by the Law Commission. However this list is non-exhaustive.

16.     Subsection (3) provides that the protocol is to be reviewed from time to time and may be revised.

17.     Subsection (5) provides that Ministers of the Crown and the Law Commission must have regard to the protocol.

18.     The protocol addresses the relationship between the Law Commission and other parts of Government. It relates only to existing powers and functions, and does not create new powers or confer new functions. It is not intended to create directly enforceable rights and obligations.


19.     The Government considers that the effect will be slight. Any increased costs would be manpower associated costs, which are estimated to be in the region of £5,000 a year.


20.     No regulatory impact assessment is required as there are no significant impacts on business, the third sector or the environment.


21.     The Government does not consider that the clauses engage the Convention rights.


22.     The Bill will come into force two months after it has received Royal Assent.

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