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It should be noted that comparisons between the one and two year rates should be interpreted with caution. This is due to a slight improvement in the method used to count offenders released from custody (or starting court orders under probation supervision) when we moved to measuring reoffending over one year rather than two.
Data on six month and three year reoffending rates are not currently available. The Ministry of Justice is currently undertaking a programme of work to investigate reoffending rates over longer time periods. This will include analysis of three year reoffending rates.
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice (1) with reference to his Departments report,
Re-offending of adults: new measures of re-offending 2000-05, how many offenders have had multiple offender entries in each of the last five years; 
(2) with reference to his Department's report, Re-offending of adults: new measures of re-offending 2000-05, how many individual offenders entered the cohort and committed a further offence and were discharged from prison or commenced a community sentence within the same quarter in each of the last five years. 
Mr. Hanson: A multiple offender entry (MOE) is an individual offender who, after entering the cohort (by either being discharged from prison, or commencing a court order under probation supervision), commits a reoffence and is further discharged from prison or commences a court order within the same 1st quarter period in a given year. MOEs are excluded from our analysis of reoffending, in order to ensure that there is no double-counting in each cohort.
The following table shows the number of offenders who are MOEs and their respective number of entries between 2000 and 2006 (the latest available data). Most MOE offenders appear twice in the cohort and the number of MOEs has been constant, at around 2.5 per cent. of the entire cohort of offenders since 2000.
|Multiple offender entries (MOEs)||2000||2002||2003||2004||2005||2006|
Data are not available for 2001 due to a problem with archived data on court orders. Since it will not substantially increase knowledge on the current progress on reoffending, no resources have been allocated to fix this problem.
We have assumed that the second question is also related to multiple offender entries, and that the term within the same quarter refers to the quarter in which the cohort is compiled (between 1 January and 31 March of a given year). A break down of these figures by prison and court orders is not available.
Mr. Gray: To ask the Secretary of State for Justice on how many occasions inquests have identified internet sites as a contributory cause of suicide in each of the last five years; and in how many such cases the suicide was committed by someone under the age of (a) 15, (b) 18, (c) 21 and (d) 25 years. 
Bridget Prentice: Information collected by the Ministry of Justice relates solely to the number of verdicts of suicide returned: no information is collected regarding the circumstances of each case. Although the Ministry of Justice is collecting from coroners, as part of the annual statistical return, data on the age at death of those persons whose deaths have been the subject of inquests, the information collected will not reveal the age profile relating to suicide, or any other particular verdict.
|Total number of verdicts of suicide returned by coroners in England and Wales|
Statistics for 2008 are not available.
Mr. Hanson: The National Offender Management Service delivers a broad range of interventions to address the particular risks and needs of offenders. This includes a number of accredited offending behaviour programmes and interventions that address drug misuse. These are a key element of the Service's work to reduce re-offending. The number of individual prisoners accessing interventions is not collated centrally. However, the number of intervention commencements is recorded.
All YOIs provide a comprehensive drug treatment framework, based on the National Treatment Agency's revised models of care, to address the different needs of drug-misusers. The interventions available are designed to meet the needs of low, moderate and severe drug misusersirrespective of age, gender or ethnicity.
Clinical services (detoxification and/or maintenance prescribing)available in all YOIs in England and Wales.
Counselling. Assessment. Referral. Advice and Throughcare services (CARATs)available in all YOIs in England and Wales.
Intensive Drug Rehabilitation programmes:
The Short Duration programme is available in six YOIs (1)
P-ASRO (prisons Addressing Substance Related Offending)available in seven YOIs.
Young People's Substance Misuse Service (YPSMS)a non-clinical service for those under the age of 18 in custody in England and Wales, combining education and prevention with treatment.
1. NOMS categorises establishments by their main role only. Establishments that have more than one role are placed in the category that represents the primary or dominant function of the prison. Some young offendersincluding all young female prisonersare held in separate Young Offender units in adult establishments.
2. Individuals could access more than one type of intervention or more than one of the same intervention in any one year.
All figures have been drawn from administrative data systems. Although care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.
To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many persistent young offenders were (a) arrested and (b) sentenced for a criminal offence at (i) magistrates courts and (ii) the Crown Court in (A) the
London Borough of Bexley and (B) London in each year since 1997. 
Mr. Hanson: Statistics on persistent young offenders (PYOs) are only available for those offenders that are arrested and then found guilty. These statistics, split by court type as requested in the question, are only available from 1999 onwards. The figures for Bexley are only available from 2002.
The PYO figures are designed to measure the speed and efficiency of the youth justice system; through monitoring the pledge to halve the average time from arrest to sentence for dealing with PYOs in England and Wales from 142 days in 1996 to 71 days. They are not designed to measure overall trends in youth crime, and will give a misleading picture of the true trend if used for this purpose.
The table following on this response shows the number of PYOs dealt with in England and Wales, London and for the London borough of Bexley. The counts of this type of offender are split by court jurisdictions for England and Wales and the London area. The figures for Bexley are very small and therefore subject to year-on-year volatility.
On 10 December 2008, the Secretary of State for Justice announced in a written ministerial statement that the PYO pledge would be dropped with effect from the end of 2008. This is therefore the last year for which PYO statistics will be published and compiled.
|Number of persistent young offenders in England and Wales, London (Metropolitan police force area) the London borough of Bexley, by court jurisdiction|
1. The Police National Computer data can contain records where the type of court in which the case was heard was unknown. This missing information only impacts a very small minority of cases, and was more a feature of the data in the past than in the present. Thus, the sum of cases heard in magistrates courts and the Crown court in each year is less than all cases heard in England and Wales.
2. The counts of persistent young offenders for the London borough of Bexley are very small subsets of the overall London and England and Wales populations, and as such are subject to year-to-year volatility.
3. The counts for 2008 are based on provisional (incomplete) data and are therefore subject to being revised. Any revision should not result in a substantial increase in these counts.
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