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The UK also works closely with our European partners in the area of returns. The European Union has its own framework of agreements called European Community Readmission Agreements (ECRA). These are negotiated and signed by the European Commission on behalf of the member states and Ministers decide on the UK's opt-in position to these agreements.
Hong Kong signed on27 November 2002
Macao signed on13 October 2003
Sri Lanka signed on4 June 2004
Albania signed on14 April 2005
Russia signed on25 May 2006
Ukraine signed on18 June 2007
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia signed on18 September 2007
Serbia signed on18 September 2007
Montenegro signed on18 September 2007
Bosnia Herzegovina signed on18 September 2007
Moldova signed on10 October 2007
There are also open ECRA mandates with the following countries, but these are at various stages of negotiation and agreements have yet to be signed: China, Pakistan, Algeria, Morocco, Turkey and Georgia. The UK has opted into all ECRAs negotiated so far, and to all negotiating mandates proposed to date.
|Area of France||Number of staff stated as full- time equivalents|
|Region||Number of front-line immigration staff( 1)|
|(1) Expressed as full-time equivalents.|
Includes assistant immigration officers; immigration officers; chief immigration officers, and inspectors.
Figures have been quoted according to regional command, as staff are deployed on a risk-assessed, intelligence-led basis to smaller ports within their operational region.
In addition to this, UK border force operates a European operations mobile response team, which deploys staff to Zeebrugge and Ostend to conduct vehicle searches and provide assistance with dog patrols, in conjunction with the Belgian federal police.
Mr. Woolas: We include information material in the registration pack for accession state workers registering with UKBA. Furthermore, we provide all workers registration scheme and A2 applicants with the TUC booklet Working in the UK explaining their rights at work.
Bob Spink: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what cars are (a) owned, (b) leased, (c) hired and (d) otherwise regularly used by her Department, broken down by cubic capacity of engine. 
Mr. Woolas: I refer the hon. Member to the answer given by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Transport (Mr. Hoon) on 26 January 2009, Official Report, column 10W, about cars provided by the Government Car and Despatch Agency.
|1000 to 1400 cc||1401 to 1700 cc||1701 to 2200 cc||Over 2200 cc|
|(1) Police vehicles are owned by the police service but used solely for Home Departments business.|
(2) Police vehicle is leased by the police service but used solely for Home Departments business.
(3) April to December 2008-09.
Mr. Paterson: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many people have been charged with criminal offences as a result of investigations conducted by the Serious Organised Crime Agency in (a) 2006-07, (b) 2007-08 and (c) the first six months of this financial year. 
(a) The 2006-07 annual report stated that SOCA casework in the UK led to 749 arrests, 283 cases reaching court and 271 convictions. Data on the number of individuals charged for that period are not available.
(b) In 2007-08, 345 people were charged in the UK as a result of SOCA casework.
(c) The figures for the first six months of 2008-09 are subject to internal validation and will be finalised at the end of the current financial year.
Keith Vaz: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what her estimate is of the number of police hours spent on policing public protests in the last 12 months; and how much of the policing budget was allocated for such work in 2008-09. 
Ms Buck: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many (a) police officers and (b) police community support officers there were in each London local authority area in (i) 1997 and (ii) 2008-09; and what the total strength of the Metropolitan police service was in each of those years. 
Mr. Coaker: Police personnel statistics are collected by police force area and not by local authority. However, there are strength data available at basic command unit level, which within London equates with local authority, from 2002-03 onwards.
There were 26,667 full-time equivalent police officers working for the Metropolitan police and 859 working for City of London police as at 31 March 1997. Police community support officers were not introduced until 2002-03. Data for the current financial year will not be published until July 2009. Police service strength data for 2007-08 can be found at:
Mr. Coaker: Police personnel statistics are not collected within the Home Office by UK ports, but rather by police force authorities in England and Wales only. Following consultation with ACPO, data regarding police officers whose primary function is ports are, under section 31 (Law Enforcement) of the Freedom of Information Act, withheld from the public domain as disclosure may be likely to prejudice the prevention or detection of crime.
Mrs. Curtis-Thomas: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what recent estimate she has made of the effectiveness of (a) secure remand and (b) tagging in reducing re-offending rates. 
In a 2006 House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts report this lack of evidence in relation to the effectiveness of Home Detention Curfew (HDC) was highlighted and a request for further research made. As a result of this a feasibility study on assessing the effectiveness of HDC was commissioned to the London School of Economics and research using existing administrative data has now been conducted. Publication of the report is expected by mid-2009.
Research carried out for the Home Office and published in 2001 showed a difference in re-offending rates within six months of release between those released on HDC compared with those not given HDC. However this was not determined to prove that HDC reduced re-offending but that the risk assessment process was effective. The results of the most recent research mentioned above will provide an important contribution to our knowledge of the impact of HDC.
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