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All printers and multi-functional devices have the capability to support double-sided printing. Collecting the data for DFID’s overseas offices would incur disproportionate cost.

Departmental Public Expenditure

Mr. Moore: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what funding his Department provided to the (a) International Inspiration project and (b) International Sport Development initiative in each of the last five years; how much of that funding was related to the London 2012 Olympics; and if he will make a statement. [268869]


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Mr. Thomas: The Department for International Development is providing £7.4 million to the International Inspiration Programme (this programme was initially referred to as the International Sport Development Initiative. It became the International Inspiration Programme after its formal launch in January 2008).

DFID has so far transferred £2.65 million of this funding to the International Inspiration programme: £2 million in financial year 2007-08, and £0.65 million in financial year 2008-09.

International Inspiration is a sport for development programme that was initiated as a result of London winning the 2012 Olympic games. It is working to deliver the promise made in London's 2012 bid to engage young people across the world in sport.

Developing Countries: Agriculture

Andrew George: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether his Department plans to implement the findings of the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. [269210]

Mr. Michael Foster: The International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) presents findings and a range of options for different stakeholders (governments, private sector, academics and civil society) to consider. These findings are neither prescriptive nor legally binding on any party. The Department for International Development (DFID) has looked at these findings to help determine its support to developing countries on agricultural knowledge, science and technology.

DFID has already taken action in line with IAASTD's findings. Last April the Secretary of State announced a doubling of DFID's investment in agricultural research to a total of £400 million over five years. This investment will include research on environmentally sustainable solutions, focus on the needs of farmers, address gender issues, look at the impact of markets on poor farmers, and support traditional and modern technologies.

Developing Countries: Coal Fired Power Stations

Simon Hughes: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what estimate he has made of the amount of money from the UK Environmental Transformation Fund which will be used to fund the development of new coal-fired power stations in developing countries; and if he will make a statement. [270821]

Mr. Thomas: It is not possible to provide an estimate of how much of the UK’s Environmental Transformation Fund (through which we contribute to the Climate Investment Funds) will be used to fund the development of new coal-fired power stations in developing countries. This is because the UK’s funding cannot be separated from that of other donors contributing to the Climate Investment Funds. However, we do not expect the Clean Technology Fund (CTF) (the only one of the Climate Investment Funds which includes criteria for fossil fuel projects) to receive many bids for funding related to new coal plants. If any are received, the agreed CTF criteria stipulate that coal projects have to be highly efficient and must be ready for the future installation of carbon capture and storage technology. Furthermore, the CTF
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could only be used to fund the additional cost of making these efficiency and design improvements, rather than subsidising the cost of the whole plant.

International Assistance

Mrs. Curtis-Thomas: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development in which countries where Millennium Development Goals have been deemed to have been achieved there has been a statistically significant increase in life expectancy. [270027]

Mr. Ivan Lewis: The Department for International Development (DFID) looks to United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) to monitor the Millennium Development Goals and to UNICEF to monitor associated indicators such as life expectancy. According to UNSD, to date four countries have met all the Millennium Development Goals (excluding Goal 8) and they have all experienced an increase in life expectancy as shown in the following table.

Life expectancy from birth (years)

1990 2007

Lithuania

71

73

Slovenia

73

78

Thailand

67

70

United Arab Emirates

73

79

Source:
UNICEF

The differences in life expectancy are statistically significant.

Iraq: Reconstruction

Mr. Ellwood: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what his most recent assessment is of the effectiveness of programmes funded by his Department to assist the reconstruction and development of Iraq since 2003. [270829]

Mr. Thomas: The Department for International Development (DFID) has carried out recent assessments of each of our current programmes, in accordance with the monitoring and evaluation schedule set by DFID procedures. These annually mark the likelihood of the achievement of purpose for programmes larger than £1 million on a scale from 1 to 4:

Of our six large current programmes in Iraq, in their most recent assessments five were judged as 2—likely to largely achieve their purpose, and one as 1—likely to fully achieve its purpose.

Based on DFID's experience of delivering aid in Iraq and other insecure environments, we will soon publish a set of briefing papers to provide better guidance to our country offices in their delivery of aid in those environments. DFID is also currently designing a new long-term research programme on conflict, state fragility and social cohesion which will gather more information on effective ways of delivering aid in insecure environments including Iraq.


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Malaria: Drugs

Mr. Sarwar: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what steps his Department takes to ensure that funding for anti-malarial drug programmes is used for fixed-dose combinations. [270251]

Mr. Ivan Lewis: Decisions on the choice of anti-malarial medicines are made by countries themselves. The Department for International Development's (DFID) support for country health programmes or for malaria specifically is used to purchase the anti-malarial drugs selected by the country. Country decisions are influenced strongly by World Health Organisation (WHO) recommendations.

DFID works with international partners on such issues and particularly relies on WHO to set policy on treatment standards. The WHO is in the final stages of updating its policy and guidelines on fixed dose combination and co-blistered anti-malarials.

In addition DFID supports the Affordable Medicines Facility for Malaria which was launched on 17 April 2009. In that context there has been discussion on the desirability of supporting fixed dose combinations and ways to encourage a transition to fixed dose combinations, where relevant, in a manner that ensures the products and requisite training are available.

DFID continues to support research and development on new anti-malarials through the Medicines for Malaria Venture. One output of this is the new fixed dose combination dispersible formulation for children that was launched by Novartis in February 2009.

Sierra Leone: Overseas Aid

Mrs. Curtis-Thomas: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what management and accounting mechanisms are in place to audit financial aid from his Department to Sierra Leone delivered through the (a) World Bank, (b) United Nations and (c) African Development Bank. [269989]

Mr. Ivan Lewis: The Department for International Development (DFID) has developed a number of formal documents which cover financial relationships with the multilateral agencies. These ensure consistent strict financial reporting arrangements are maintained. When necessary DFID undertakes independent audits of funds used in joint programmes.

Standardised reporting relationships, for both financial resources and measuring impact, are beneficial to DFID and our development partners. These agreements are regularly reviewed to ensure they are contemporary and reflect new legislation.

Mrs. Curtis-Thomas: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what proportion of financial aid provided for construction in Sierra Leone is directed to local contractors; and how many Sierra Leonean companies are contracted to carry out construction work funded by his Department. [270026]

Mr. Ivan Lewis: All of the aid that the Department for International Development (DFID) has provided for construction in Sierra Leone has been channelled
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through local contractors. We have awarded contracts to over 250 registered construction companies across the country.

Sri Lanka: International Assistance

Mr. Clifton-Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what his latest estimate is of the level of humanitarian aid entering Sri Lanka. [270284]

Mr. Ivan Lewis: Since 19 February the only humanitarian aid reaching the civilians caught in the conflict has been by sea by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The last road convoy, led by the UN, reached the area held by the LTTE on 29 January. This is not enough. We have been pressing the Sri Lankan Government at the highest level to allow proper humanitarian access and protection. We have also pressed them and the LTTE to agree a ceasefire long enough to allow proper civilian evacuation, to which the response has been disappointing.

As the International Development and Foreign Secretaries said in their parliamentary statement of 2 April, the humanitarian situation is deplorable. As the conflict reaches a climax, civilians are now managing to flee in increasing numbers but we remain concerned for their welfare and protection and continue to press for them to be cared for properly.

We have provided £5 million in humanitarian aid funding through UN agencies and the ICRC, the only organisations able to carry out any relief and protection work in or around the conflict zone.

As indicated by the Prime Minister in the House on 22 April, my colleague Mike Foster is currently in Sri Lanka to see conditions for himself. He will make further representations to both sides to respect humanitarian law and allow proper relief and protection. The UK Government will allocate a further £2.5 million in humanitarian assistance in the coming weeks.

St. Helena: Public Expenditure

Mr. Hoyle: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much has been spent on St. Helena from the public purse in the last 20 years, expressed in current prices adjusted for inflation. [268959]

Mr. Ivan Lewis: The cost of bilateral support to the Government of St. Helena over the last 20 years, provided through DFID or its predecessor Department, is set out in the following table (current prices in £ million):


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£ million

Expenditure

2007-08

17.6

2006-07

16.1

2005-06

14.3

2004-05

15.6

2003-04

11.7

2002-03

10.9

2001-02

11.9

2000-01

12.2

1999-2000

11.4

1998-99

10.9

1997-98

11.2

1996-97

10.4

1995-96

12.5

1994-95

11.4

1993-94

12.8

1992-93

13.2

1991-92

13.6

1990-91

18.5

1989-90

41.3

1988-89

38.2


These figures do not include assistance that DFID has provided since 2004 to non-governmental groups on St. Helena for environmental conservation projects. This amounted to approximately £400,000 over the five year period.

In addition to DFID/ODA assistance, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office has funded a small number of discrete projects through its Overseas Territories Programme Fund. The total for St. Helena over the last two financial years amounts to just over £400,000. Further information cannot be provided without disproportionate cost.

St. Helena has also benefited from other sources of public funding through financial assistance from the European Union (approximately £13 million in the last 12 years), the United Nations Development Programme (approximately £1.6 million in the last 12 years) and the World Health Organisation ($400,000 every two years).

The values of these further amounts are stated in cash prices.

St. Helena: Aviation

Andrew Rosindell: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much has been spent on the (a) St. Helena Access Project and (b) Atkins Feasibility Report for St. Helena Air Access. [269500]

Mr. Michael Foster: The Department for International Development (DFID) has spent approximately £8 million on the Access Project since the High Point Rendel Comparative Report on Air and Sea Access study in 2000-01. This includes the 2005 Atkins Feasibility Study at a cost of £1.65 million.


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