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In particular the Department works within the International Maritime Organisation to address a range of pollution issues. Currently this work includes measures to address air quality, garbage and ballast water from shipping, with the Department playing a leading role in recently adopted measures to reduce SOx and NOx emissions from ships.
Chris Mole: The South Central franchise specification required the operator to set targets based on National Passenger Survey results for trains, stations and customer service, split by groups of servicesSouth London, Sussex and Coast and Gatwick Express. If these targets are not achieved the bidder is required to spend up to £0.5 million per annum to implement a plan to rectify any deficiencies.
Mrs. Villiers: To ask the Minister of State, Department for Transport what (a) enhancements and (b) investments stipulated in the South Central franchise will be funded by (i) the Government and (ii) Southern Trains; and how much each will cost. 
Chris Mole: The franchising process does not allow for the identification of individual sources of investment. Instead, it provides an overall price to Government of the package that is proposed by the bidder (either subsidy or in the case of South Central a £534 million premium). It is thus not possible to identify the individual investment costs being borne by the South Central operator or the Government.
Mrs. Villiers: To ask the Minister of State, Department for Transport how much his Department plans to spend on staffing of new gating systems for the new South Central franchise; and how much Transport for London has agreed to spend to ensure stations on the new South Central franchise are staffed from first to last service on each operational day. 
Chris Mole: The Department for Transport is not funding the staffing of new gating systems on an individual basis. These plans form part of an overall franchise bid and it is not possible to disaggregate staffing costs to this level.
Mrs. Villiers: To ask the Minister of State, Department for Transport whether Integrated Transport Smartcard Organisation smartcards are planned to be in place across the whole South Central franchise area by 2012. 
The terms apply to all ticket types, with an entitlement to 50 per cent. compensation for a delay of between 30 and 59 minutes; 100 per cent. for a delay of 60-119
minutes and 100 per cent. of the return fare for any delay of 120 minutes or more. For season tickets, compensation is calculated using the proportional daily cost of the ticket.
Mrs. Villiers: To ask the Minister of State, Department for Transport for what period the winning bid for the South Central franchise assumes an RPI plus one per cent. increase for unregulated fares. 
Chris Mole: The level of unregulated fares are a matter for individual operators. This remains the position within the South Central franchise. The winning bid has assumed that unregulated fares will increase by RPI +1 per cent. on average across the duration of the franchise.
Paul Clark: The Department for Transport holds only information about speed and red light cameras operating under the National Safety Camera Programme which started in 2001 and ended on 31 March 2007. The numbers of fixed penalty notices issued by each safety camera partnership were not collected. However, details of fixed penalty notices issued and subsequently paid, broken down by partnership area, are outlined in the following table:
|Speed and red light fixed penalty notices paid, by partnership and financial year|
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