Looked-after Children - Children, Schools and Families Committee Contents


Supplementary memorandum submitted by Children's Workforce Development Council (CWDC)

SALARIES BY OCCUPATIONAL GROUP

Social care


RoleAverage salary


Registered managers£35,000
Residential care staff£11.17 per hour
CAFCASS—family court advisers£28,137 to £33,765
Senior social worker / team leader£37,347
Children & families social workers £30,983
Outreach family support workers£21,722
Portage workers£20,000 approx.
Foster carersSee table below




  Foster care rates payable per week per child for 2007/08 are as follows:
Base rateSouth East London
Babies£100£111 £116
Pre-primary£102 £114£119
Primary£113£127 £132
Secondary (11-15)£129 £144£150
Secondary (16-17)£151 £169£176


Early years & childcare
Early years (average hourly pay)
Nursery
schools
Primary schools
nursery and
reception
classes
Primary schools
with reception
but no nursery
classes
All staff£13.20 £12.50£12.10
EY or foundation stage co-ordinators£19.60 £18.20£16.00
Qualified EY teachers£17.90 £15.60£15.00
Nursery nurses£9.70 £9.50£8.70
Other paid early years support staff£8.10 £7.90£7.30

Childcare (average hourly pay)
Full day
care
Full day care in
children's
centres
Sessional care
All staff£6.80 £9.30£6.60
Senior managers£9.30 £14.00£8.00
Supervisor£7.00 £9.80£6.80
Other paid staff£5.60 £7.00£5.80


Nannies
Central
London
Outer London &
home counties
Other cities
and towns
Live in nannies£24,545 £19,988£17,908
Daily nannies£33,179 £25,548£22,263


Childminders

  In 2006, the mean income from fees was around £8,400 a year (£165 a week), an increase from 2005 (£7,600 a year or £150 a week). The mean net income (after tax) from childminding was £6,500.

SUPPORTING NOTES AND SOURCES OF DATA

Children's homes

  The Children's, Young People's and Families' Social Care Workforce Survey 2006 (LAWIG 2007) shows salary levels for managers of children's homes with up to 15 places ranging between £32,279 and £38,381 with a mean salary level of £35,183. The mean salary level for managers has increased by 26.6% since 2001.

  Salary levels for deputies in children's homes with up to 15 places range between £26,358 and £30,843, with a mean salary level of £28,879 per year up 21% since 2001.[9]

Social workers

  The Children's, Young People's and Families' Social Care Workforce Survey 2006 (LAWIG 2007) shows that average (mean) annual maximum salaries for posts ranged from £37,347 for social work team leaders and £35,183 for registered managers (in homes up to 15 places), £30,983 for field social workers and £30,758 for occupational therapists and respectively, £28,879 for deputy registered managers, to £21,722 for family support workers and £21,616 for social work assistants.

Family support workers

  Salary information is a guide only and there may be local agreements in place.

    —  starting salary for family support workers is approximately £16,000 per annum;

    —  the salary scale for experienced family support workers is between £19,000 and £25,000 per annum; and

    —  seniority payments for workers assuming additional management responsibilities can see salaries increased to up to £28,000 per annum.[10]

Residential childcare workers

  As children's/family centres are being established and developed, increasing attention is being given to apparent anomalies in pay between professional with different career histories.

  Residential social workers (RSW) in children's homes are usually paid on annual salary scales. There are no national rates and local agreements will apply.

  Local authority employed RSWs are paid between £19,300-£27,800 depending on seniority, qualifications and experience.[11]

  Salaries in the private sector may be lower and some recruitment sites quote starting salaries of £17,000 a year.

  Agency staff and care assistants (who often work part time, coming in to help at key times of day such as before or after school, meal times or bed times) may be paid on hourly rates. Local authority hourly rates range from £10.48 to £12.10 per hour, with a mean hourly rate of £11.17.[12]

Foster care

  The national minimum allowance for foster carers was launched in July 2006 and sets the basic core allowance that foster carers receive to cover the costs involved in looking after any fostered child.

  The level of allowance that a foster carer will receive will depend on a number of factors, including the specific needs of an individual child. The introduction of the national minimum allowance provides a safeguard for foster carers guaranteeing a minimum level of allowance.

  The national minimum allowance applies to all foster carers approved by a fostering service registered in England who are caring for a looked after child. This includes approved foster carers who are friends or family of the child and short break or respite carers.[13]

  The rates will be reviewed annually in line with inflation and revised rates published by the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) periodically.

  From April 2007, it has become necessary for all fostering services to publicise their allowance rates, clearly separated from fees (the "reward" element of fostering payments). Progress towards meeting the minimum rate will be monitored through Ofsted inspection.

  Foster carers are exempt from tax on the first £10,000 per year of their fostering income, anything over this figure, foster carers could be eligible for tax relief.[14]

All early years in day nurseries

  The DCSF 2006 Childcare and Early Years Providers Survey of full day care providers shows that the average hourly rate for all staff is £6.80. Senior managers on average receive £9.30 per hour, supervisors receive £7, and other childcare staff receive £5.60 per hour.

  Average pay rates are higher in London and local authority run providers, and for better qualified employees.[15] The figures are considerably lower than the UK average. In 2006, the average hourly wage (for all staff) was £11.12 and £10.24 for females.[16]

Nursery schools

  The report on nursery schools from the 2006 Childcare and Early Years Providers Survey (DCSF 2007) shows that the average hourly rate for all staff is £13.20. Early years or foundation stage co-ordinators on average receive £19.60 per hour, qualified early years teachers receive £17.90, nursery nurses receive £9.70 per hour, and other childcare staff earn £8.10 per hour.

  Some rates of pay for some staff were higher than the UK average which was £11.12 per hour and £10.24 per hour for females, in 2006.[17]

Pre-school (play groups)

  The DCSF 2006 survey report of sessional providers is the main source of information on pre-school settings and highlights that:

    —  the average hourly rate for all staff is £6.60;

    —  senior managers on average receive £8 per hour, supervisors get £6.80, and other childcare staff get £5.80 per hour;

    —  average pay rates are higher in London, and for better qualified employees; and

    —  the figures are considerably lower than the UK average hourly wage in 2006 which was £11.12 and £10.24 for females.[18]

Children's centres

  The DCSF 2006 survey of children's centres reported that the average hourly rate for all staff working within the full day care provision was £9.30. Senior managers on average received £14 per hour, supervisors received £9.80, and other childcare staff received £7 per hour.

  Average pay rates were higher in London and local authority run providers, and for better qualified employees. However, the average hourly rate was lower than the UK average which in 2006 was £11.12 per hour for all staff and £10.24 per hour for females.

All early years workers in nurseries in primary schools

  The DCSF 2006 survey report of primary schools with reception classes and a nursery stated that when asked to give hourly pay rates for the staff at their setting there was a high level of non-response "...so the figures should be treated with extreme caution."

  The survey shows, based on the information received, that the average hourly rate for all staff is £12.50. Early-years or foundation stage coordinators on average receive £18.20 per hour, qualified early-years teachers get £15.60, nursery nurses get £9.50 per hour, and other childcare staff get £7.90 per hour. Some rates of pay for some staff were higher than the UK average in 2006 which was £11.12 per hour and £10.24 per hour for females.[19]

Childminders

  Childminders are responsible for negotiating their own fees. In 2006 the mean amount that childminders charged parents was £3.20 per hour, substantially higher than the 2005 mean of £2.80 per hour.[20] The National Childminding Association (NCMA) estimates that the typical fee is between £2.50 and £4.00 per hour.

  Fees ranged from a mean of £2.80 in the West Midlands to £3.90 in London. Two fifths (38%) varied their fees from child to child, most commonly based on the number of siblings attending (77%). Nationally, a fifth (21%) charged registration fees, rising to a third (34%) of childminders in London, compared with £5,500 in 2005, an 18% increase. These figures should be treated with caution due to the high proportion of childminders that could not, or would not, provide an answer.

Nannies

  The nature of the work of nannies (in domestic premises) makes it very difficult to collect data. No consistent sources were found that covered all nannies.[21]

May 2008




















9   http://www.lgar.local.gov.uk/lgv/core/page.do?pageId=12636 Back

10   http://www.lgcareers.com/career-descriptions/caring-for-your-community/outreach-development-worker-childrens-information-service/ Back

11   http://www.lgcareers.com/career-descriptions/caring-for-your-community/residential-social-worker/ Back

12   http://www.lgar.local.gov.uk/lgv/core/page.do?pageId=12636 Back

13   http://www.everychildmatters.gov.uk/_files/42CDA3303EA5C2317BBC4741906ECD39.doc Back

14   http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/individuals/foster-carers.htm Back

15   http://www.dfes.gov.uk/research/data/uploadfiles/DCSF-RW011.pdf Back

16   2006 Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (First release) Back

17   http://www.dfes.gov.uk/research/data/uploadfiles/DCSF-RW012.pdf Back

18   http://www.dfes.gov.uk/research/data/uploadfiles/DCSF-RW016.pdf Back

19   http://www.dfes.gov.uk/research/data/uploadfiles/DCSF-RW014.pdf Back

20   http://www.dfes.gov.uk/research/data/uploadfiles/DCSF-RW009.pdf Back

21   http://www.nannytax.co.uk/news/wagestable07.html Back


 
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Prepared 20 April 2009