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Index to Equality Bill


 

INTRODUCTION

Background and summary

Summary

Overview of the structure of the Bill

Summary of the Impact Assessments

Public sector costs and manpower effects

Other costs and benefits

Summary of the (Equality) Impact Assessment

Carbon impact

Territorial extent and application

General

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Compatibility with the European Convention on Human Rights

Transposition of EU Directives

Commencement

COMMENTARY ON CLAUSES

PART 1 : SOCIO-ECONOMIC INEQUALITIES

Clause 2: Power to amend section 1

Clause 3: Enforcement

PART 2: KEY CONCEPTS

Clause 5: Age

Clause 6: Disability

Clause 7: Gender reassignment

Clause 8: Marriage and civil partnership

Clause 9: Race

Clause 10: Religion or belief

Clause 11: Sex

Clause 12: Sexual orientation

Chapter 2: Prohibited conduct

Clause 14: Combined discrimination: dual characteristics

Clause 15: Discrimination arising from disability

Clause 16: Gender reassignment discrimination: cases of absence from work

Clause 17: Pregnancy and maternity discrimination: non-work cases

Clause 18: Pregnancy and maternity discrimination: work cases

Clause 19: Indirect discrimination

Clause 20: Duty to make adjustments

Clause 21: Failure to comply with duty

Clause 22: Regulations

Clause 23: Comparison by reference to circumstances

Clause 24: References to particular strands of discrimination

Clause 25: Harassment

Clause 26: Victimisation

PART 3: SERVICES AND PUBLIC FUNCTIONS

Clause 28: Provision of services, etc.

Clause 29: Ships and hovercraft

Clause 30: Interpretation and exceptions

PART 4: PREMISES

Clause 32: Disposals, etc.

Clause 33: Permission for disposal

Clause 34: Management

Clause 35: Leasehold and commonhold premises and common parts

Clause 36: Interpretation and exceptions

PART 5: WORK

Chapter 1: Employment, etc.

Clause 38: Employees and applicants: harassment

Clause 39: Contract workers

Clause 40: Identity of employer

Clause 41: Interpretation

Clause 42: Partnerships

Clause 43: Limited liability partnerships

Clause 44: Interpretation

Clause 45: Barristers

Clause 46: Advocates

Clause 47: Personal offices: appointments, etc.

Clause 48: Public offices: appointments, etc.

Clause 49: Public offices: recommendations for appointments etc.

Clause 50: Interpretation and exceptions

Clause 51: Qualifications bodies

Clause 52: Interpretation

Clause 53: Employment service-providers

Clause 54: Interpretation

Clause 55: Trade organisations

Clause 56: Official business of members

Clause 57: Interpretation

Chapter 2: Occupational pension schemes

Clause 59: Non-discrimination alterations

Clause 60: Communications

Chapter 3: Equality of terms

Clause 62: Equal work

Clause 63: Sex equality clause

Clause 64: Sex equality rule

Clause 65: Sex equality rule: consequential alteration of schemes

Clause 66: Defence of material factor

Clause 67: Exclusion of sex discrimination provisions

Clause 68: Sex discrimination in relation to contractual pay

Clause 69: Relevant types of work

Clause 70: Maternity equality clause

Clause 71: Maternity equality clause: pay

Clause 72: Maternity equality rule

Clause 73: Exclusion of pregnancy and maternity discrimination provisions

Clause 74: Discussions with colleagues

Clause 75: Gender pay gap information

Clause 76: Colleagues

Clause 77: Interpretation and exceptions

Chapter 4: Supplementary

Clause 79: Offshore work

Clause 80: Interpretation and exceptions

PART 6: EDUCATION

Chapter 1: Schools

Clause 82: Pupils: admission and treatment, etc.

Clause 83: Victimisation of pupils, etc. for the conduct of parents, etc.

Clause 84: Application of certain powers under Education Act 1996

Clause 85: Disabled pupils: accessibility

Clause 86: Interpretation and exceptions

Chapter 2: Further and higher education

Clause 88: Students: admission and treatment, etc.

Clause 89: Further and higher education courses

Clause 90: Recreational or training facilities

Clause 91: Interpretation and exceptions

Chapter 3: General qualifications bodies

Clause 93: Qualifications bodies

Clause 94: Interpretation

Chapter 4: Miscellaneous

Clause 96: Educational charities and endowments

PART 7: ASSOCIATIONS

Clause 98: Members and associates

Clause 99: Guests

Clause 100: Sections 98 and 99: further provision

Clause 101: Selection of candidates

Clause 102: Time-limited provision

Clause 103: Interpretation and exceptions

PART 8: PROHIBITED CONDUCT: ANCILLARY

Clause 105: Liability of employers and principals

Clause 106: Liability of employees and agents

Clause 107: Instructing, causing or inducing discrimination

Clause 108: Aiding contraventions

PART 9: ENFORCEMENT

Chapter 1: Introductory

Chapter 2: Civil courts

Clause 111: Immigration cases

Clause 112: Education cases

Clause 113: National security

Clause 114: Time limits

Clause 115: Remedies

Chapter 3: Employment tribunals

Clause 117: Jurisdiction in armed forces cases

Clause 118: References by court to tribunal, etc.

Clause 119: Time limits

Clause 120: Remedies: general

Clause 121: Remedies: national security

Clause 122: Remedies: occupational pension schemes

Chapter 4: Equality of terms

Clause 124: References by court to tribunal, etc.

Clause 125: Time limits

Clause 126: Section 125: supplementary

Clause 127: Assessment of whether work is of equal value

Clause 128: Remedies in non-pensions cases

Clause 129: Remedies in pensions cases

Clause 130: Remedies in claims for arrears brought by pensioner members

Clause 131: Supplementary

Chapter 5: Miscellaneous

Clause 133: Previous findings

Clause 134: Obtaining information etc.

Clause 135: Interest

Clause 136: Conduct giving rise to separate proceedings

Clause 137: Interpretation, etc.

PART 10: CONTRACTS, ETC.

Clause 138: Unenforceable terms

Clause 139: Removal or modification of unenforceable terms

Clause 140: Contracting out

Clause 141: Void and unenforceable terms

Clause 142: Declaration in respect of void term, etc.

Clause 143: Meaning of “qualifying compromise contract”

Clause 144: Interpretation

PART 11: ADVANCEMENT OF EQUALITY

Clause 146: Public authorities and public functions

Clause 147: Power to specify public authorities

Clause 148: Power to specify public authorities: consultation and consent

Clause 149: Power to impose specific duties

Clause 150: Power to impose specific duties: cross-border authorities

Clause 151: Power to impose specific duties: supplementary

Clause 152: Enforcement

Clause 153: Interpretation

Chapter 2: Positive action

Clause 155: Positive action: recruitment and promotion

PART 12: DISABLED PERSONS: TRANSPORT

Clause 157: Designated transport facilities

Clause 158: Taxi licence conditional on compliance with taxi accessibility regulations

Clause 159: Exemption from taxi accessibility regulations

Clause 160: Passengers in wheelchairs

Clause 161: Passengers in wheelchairs: exemption certificates

Clause 162: Lists of wheelchair-accessible vehicles

Clause 163: Assistance dogs in taxis

Clause 164: Assistance dogs in taxis: exemption certificates

Clause 165: Assistance dogs in private hire vehicles

Clause 166: Assistance dogs in private hire vehicles: exemption certificates

Clause 167: Appeals

Clause 168: Interpretation

Chapter 2: Public service vehicles

Clause 170: Offence of contravening PSV accessibility regulations

Clause 171: Accessibility certificates

Clause 172: Approval certificates

Clause 173: Special authorisations

Clause 174: Reviews and appeals

Clause 175: Fees

Clause 176: Interpretation

Chapter 3: Rail vehicles

Clause 177: Rail vehicle accessibility regulations

Clause 178: Exemptions from rail vehicle accessibility regulations

Clause 179: Procedure for making exemption orders

Clause 180: Annual report on exemption orders

Clause 181: Rail vehicle accessibility: compliance

Clause 182: Interpretation

Chapter 4: Supplementary

PART 13: DISABILITY: MISCELLANEOUS

Clause 185: Improvements to let dwelling houses

PART 14: GENERAL EXCEPTIONS

Clause 187: National security

Clause 188: Charities

Clause 189: Charities: supplementary

Clause 190: Sport

Clause 191: General

Clause 192: Age

PART 15: GENERAL

Clause 194: Crown application

Clause 195: Information society services

Clause 196: Exercise of power

Clause 197: Ministers of the Crown

Clause 198: The Welsh Ministers

Clause 199: The Scottish Ministers

Clause 200: Amendments, repeals and revocations

Clause 201: General interpretation

Clause 202: References to maternity leave, etc.

Clause 203: Index of defined expressions

Clause 204: Money

Clause 205: Commencement

Clause 206: Extent

Clause 207: Short title

Schedule 1: Disability: supplementary provision

Schedule 2: Services and public functions: reasonable adjustments

Schedule 3: Services and public functions: exceptions

Schedule 4: Premises: reasonable adjustments

Schedule 5: Premises: exceptions

Schedule 6: Office-holders: excluded offices

Schedule 7: Equality of terms: exceptions

Schedule 8: Work: reasonable adjustments

Schedule 9: Work: exceptions

Schedule 10: Accessibility for disabled pupils

Schedule 11: Schools: exceptions

Schedule 12: Further and higher education exceptions

Schedule 13: Education: reasonable adjustments

Schedule 14: Educational charities and endowments

Schedule 15: Associations: reasonable adjustments

Schedule 16: Associations: exceptions

Schedule 17: Disabled pupils: enforcement

Schedule 18: Public sector equality duty: exceptions

Schedule 19: Public authorities

Schedule 20: rail vehicle accessibility: compliance

Schedule 22: Statutory provisions

Schedule 23: General exceptions

Schedule 24: Harmonisation: exceptions

Schedule 25: Information society services

Schedule 26: Amendments

Schedule 27: Repeals and revocations

Schedule 28: Index of defined expressions

 
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Prepared: 19 November 2009