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Mr. Ruffley: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families how many reparation orders relating to those aged (a) 10 or 11, (b) 12 to 14 and (c) 15 to 17 years old have been (i) given and (ii) breached in each year since 1997. 
These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems, which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing and may be subject to change over time.
Charles Hendry: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change for what reasons he decided that grandfathering rights on the basis of those applied to offshore wind projects should not apply to regular biomass projects. 
Mr. Kidney: 'Government Response to the Statutory Consultation on the Renewables Obligation Order 2009', published in December 2008, we set out our decision not to grandfather existing biomass and waste plants following evidence from the biomass industry:
"that grandfathering existing stations at 1 ROC/MWh while banding up new stations would be detrimental to a competitive market for the fuel stock ... [as] existing plants could not have reasonably anticipated the introduction of banding, and made any contingency for this. We ... therefore decided to allow existing plants to be banded up and receive the same level of support as new plants. ... As the principle of banding has now been established we believe that there is less reason to treat biomass stations as a special case."
However, we are currently carrying out work with the Renewables Advisory Board, the Renewable Energy Association and biomass stakeholders to assess whether moves in biomass fuel prices might warrant such action at the next banding review starting October 2010.
Joan Ruddock: The Government publish statistics on the annual use of biomass fuel in the Digest of UK Energy Statistics. Chapter 7 provides a breakdown by source. Further information relating to fuel use by power plants registered for the renewables obligation is kept by Ofgem on their searchable Renewable and CHP Register at:
In addition, the UK renewables obligation (RO) scheme introduced, on 1 April 2009, a reporting requirement to monitor the sustainability of biomass, including information such as country of origin of the fuel.
Gregory Barker: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change what the level of carbon emissions was from (a) housing and (b) other buildings in respect of (i) heating and cooling, (ii) hot water, (iii) lighting , (iv) appliances and (v) other sources in the latest year for which figures are available. 
Joan Ruddock: For the UK household sector, total end-use emissions of carbon were just over 146.5 million tonnes of CO2 (MtCO2) in 2006, for which a breakdown of emissions per service is shown in Fig.1. Overall household sector carbon emissions in 2007 were just over 140.5 MtCO2,but the breakdown by service is not yet available for that year.
|Fig.1: Household carbon emissions by service in 2006|
|(1) Of which lights contributed 8.4 MtCO2; appliances 33.4 MtCO2; and cooling 0.1 MtCO2 (indicative estimates).|
For non-domestic buildings, the most recent estimates available are for 2008. Fig.2 shows the breakdown of emissions per service. These figures, totalling 88.9 MtCO2, include all energy use in public and commercial buildings and energy use for space heating and lighting in industrial buildings.
|Fig.2: Non-domestic carbon emissions by service in 2008|
Charles Hendry: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change with reference to his Department's press release of 26 June 2009, Make or break time for our climate, what research was used in the development of the policy to establish a $100 billion fund to assist developing countries reduce their carbon dioxide emissions by 2020. 
Joan Ruddock [holding answer 15 December 2009]: We have drawn on analysis in various independent reports to calculate the scale of finance needed to tackle climate change in developing countries. The most recent, by Project Catalyst (a philanthropically funded project to develop analysis for the UNFCCC), put the total at €65-100 billion per year on average from 2010 to 2020 (€55-80 billion mitigation; €10-20 billion adaptation). The figure that the Prime Minister announced in a speech on 26 June 2009 of around $100 billion by 2020 is within this range. However, we also recognised that we must distinguish between research studies and the actual finance that countries might need for their low carbon and climate resilient growth and development. Therefore, we have proposed $100 billion a year by 2020 as a working figure for the world to focus on.
Joan Ruddock: The Government have not made a detailed assessment of the effects of cigarette smoking on carbon dioxide emissions. As a plant product, the burning of tobacco is likely to result in zero net carbon dioxide emissions, although there will be other greenhouse gas emissions associated with the production and distribution of cigarettes.
Sammy Wilson: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change what information the University of East Anglia Climate Research Unit has provided to his Department since its inception. 
The Met Office, however, uses CRU's land temperature dataset, which is merged with sea surface temperatures to derive the global average temperature record. This is used in quarterly updates to DECC of global, regional and UK temperatures. A gridded version of this dataset is freely available from the Met Office Hadley Centre observations website.
Mr. Baron: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change how much his Department spent on works and refurbishment to offices allocated to Ministers in his Department's buildings in the last 12 months. 
Joan Ruddock: DECC spent £667,526 refurbishing the 5(th) Floor of 3 Whitehall Place, which includes the ministerial offices. DECC is unable without incurring disproportionate cost to specifically identify the element related to offices allocated to Ministers.
Joan Ruddock: Accordingly to the Department's financial records the total amount spent on entertainment in the financial year 2008-09 was £184,000. It is not possible to separate out the cost for alcohol.
Mr. Philip Hammond: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change how much was claimed in reimbursable expenses by press officers in his Department in each of the last three financial years. 
Mr. Philip Hammond: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change how much his Department has spent on (a) Ministerial photoshoots and (b) production of videos in which Ministers appear since its inception. 
Joan Ruddock: The Department has a Chief Scientific Adviser, Professor David Mackay. In addition, there are three independent committees that advise the Department on scientific and other matters. These are: the Committee on Radioactive Waste Management (15 members); the Advisory Committee on Carbon Abatement Technologies (15 members); the Committee on Climate Change (eight members). The Department also receives advice from a number of other bodies. These include: Energy Technology Institute; Carbon Trust; and UK Energy Research Centre.
Mark Lazarowicz: To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change how many telephone lines with the prefix (a) 0870, (b) 0845 and (c) 0800 his Department (i) operates and (ii) sponsors; how many calls were received to each number in the last 12 months; and whether alternative numbers charged at the BT local rate are available in each case. 
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