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offender tier (there are four tiers in the National Offender Management Model describing different case management approaches and map against different resource levels and offender manager competences);
the length of the offender's sentence;
the offender's gender;
the grade of staff working with the offender; and
the time taken by staff to deliver the supervision requirement, which includes meetings with the offender, liaison with providers of specialist advice and feeding back to the offender manager. The level of engagement is primarily dependent on the tier of the offender.
Gender of the offender is a factor when costing supervision requirement because the OASys research shows that women offenders at a given tier have on average a higher number of needs than male offenders. Therefore more contact time is assumed for women offenders than male offenders when costing the supervision requirement.
Costs estimated using this bottom up process are not the full costs since they do not include overheads. Full costs of the supervision requirement will be collected and published in order to benchmark the whole of the probation system by the end of 2011.
Between April 2005 and February 2010, 4,135 offenders have completed an accredited programme in the West Yorkshire probation area. In the first four years West Yorkshire probation area consistently over achieved in relation to its completion target for accredited programmes. The data for 2009-10 are for 11 months.
Therefore it is not possible to say that this will be the case this year, as achievement for this period is 89 per cent. of the annual target.
A full breakdown by district and programme type is shown in the following tables. Targeting by programme type began in April 2007 and a more detailed breakdown between the various types of programme is available from this point. The accredited "offending behaviour" programme category includes the suite of accredited programmes delivered in West Yorkshire, other than domestic violence and sex offending. This includes thinking skills, substance misuse, and drink driving programmes.
Programme delivery in West Yorkshire is organised within districts. However, in the two smallest districts (Calderdale and Wakefield), delivery is linked to neighbouring larger districts (Bradford and Kirklees). This means that an offender can begin a programme in another district rather than waiting to start in the district in which (s)he is resident. This is good practice in that a prompt start is more likely to result in successful programme completion.
Accredited programme targets have been reduced in the past two years as the probation area has introduced a range of specified activities and alcohol treatment conditions for offenders who pose a lower risk of harm and reoffending, thereby reserving accredited programme provision for the more serious offenders. West Yorkshire plans to expand further its suite of interventions over the next two years to provide sentencers with a broader range of options.
In 2009-10 a target was set for the programme completion rate (by district and programme). Across the probation area performance has exceeded target for offending behaviour and sex offender programmes but not for domestic violence. The range of provision will be increased in 2010 with an introduction of a shorter domestic abuse programme for less serious offenders in order to improve completion rates.
|West Yorkshire Probation Programme Completions( 1)|
|Accredited OBP||Domestic violence||Sex offender||Total completions|
|Comp||Target||Rate (%)||Comp||Target||Rate (%)||Comp||Target||Rate||Comp||Target||Rate (%)|
|(1) The table reflects that (1) the programmes target was not split by type until 2007-08, and (2) West Yorkshire currently divides it targets by super district as some districts deliver programmes for others, and (3) the 2009-10 figures do not include March which historically is the month in which the most completions occur.|
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