Key facts |
- Young people exposed to the most acute combination of risk factorswhich include family neglect, poverty, school under-achievement and a lack of positive role modelsare between five and 20 times more likely to offend than those who are not.
- A quarter of young people who commit anti-social behaviour go on to more serious offending. ASBOs can reduce the likelihood of offending but only 11% of ASBOs handed down to under-18s in 2007 had an Individual Support Order attached.
- A young person in the criminal justice system costs the taxpayer on average over £200,000 by the age of 16, while one given support to stay out costs less than £50,000.
- Only 7% of Youth Justice Board funding is specifically dedicated to prevention.
- 39% of adult and 37.5% of juvenile offenders released from custody or beginning a community sentence at the start of 2007 re-offended within a year, down from 43% and 40% respectively in 2000.
- Re-offending rates for young men serving a prison sentence may be as high as 80%, and around 60% of adult offenders serving a short custodial sentence are convicted of at least one offence during the year following release.
- The largest reduction in the frequency of re-offending between 2000 and 2007 was for prolific offenders. Last year the rate of re-offending of repeat offenders who were subject to Prolific and Priority Offending programmes reduced by 29%.
- Good resettlement support can reduce the frequency of re-offending by 35% and the seriousness of re-offending by 10%.
- Putting pressure on the car manufacturing industry to design out opportunities for crime has contributed to a 65% reduction in vehicle theft since 1995.
- The introduction of Chip and PIN technology reduced losses on transactions on the UK high street by 55% between 2004 and 2008.