Cutting crime: the case for justice reinvestment - Justice Committee Contents



Reducing re-offending is an important aspect of the crime reduction targets of crime and disorder reduction partnerships (CDRPs) and community safety partnerships (in Wales), and the targets set for local criminal justice boards to improve public confidence in the criminal justice system.

Crime and disorder reduction partnerships in England (CDRPs) and community safety partnerships in Wales (CSPs)

Partnerships between the police, local authorities, probation service, health authorities, fire and rescue, the voluntary sector, and local residents and businesses. Crime and disorder partnerships and community safety partnerships were established under the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 to audit crime and disorder in their areas and set up a strategy to reduce it every three years. The work of these partnerships is largely co-ordinated by staff employed by local authorities and secondees from constituent agencies. CDRP funding is administered through the local area agreement, via local authorities. The Policing and Crime Act introduces a new statutory duty for CDRPs/CSPs to reduce re-offending.

Local criminal justice boards

42 local criminal justice boards (LCJBs) were established in England and Wales in 2003 to improve the delivery of justice and services to victims and witnesses and to secure public confidence in the criminal justice system. LCJBs join up criminal justice agencies by bringing together chief officers and senior managers from police, prisons, probation, Crown Prosecution Service, crown courts, magistrates courts and youth offending teams. The Criminal Justice System Strategic Plan 2008-11 gives a new remit to local criminal justice boards to focus on reducing re-offending. It is intended that local boards will work increasingly closely with crime and disorder reduction partnerships to devise strategic priorities and plans.

According to the Criminal Justice System Strategic Plan LCJBs and CDRPs should work together to consider:

  • the results of consultation with local communities regarding their priorities and concerns;
  • evidence from policing intelligence tools about crime in their area;
  • the performance of the criminal justice system on bringing offences to justice and most serious crimes; and,
  • the most effective way of dealing with offence and offender types that emerge from the assessment of demand.[760]

Local strategic partnerships (LSPs)

Local strategic partnerships in England provide a forum for agreeing priorities for improvement in the local area agreement (LAA). Local area agreements set out the priorities for a local area agreed between central government and the local area and simplify some central funding. Responsibility for delivery of community safety outcomes in the LAA is the role of the crime and disorder reduction partnerships. The annual review of LAAs is intended to coincide with the CDRP plans; the priorities decided on by the CDRP should inform those which go into the LAA. Local strategic partnerships in Wales also agree priorities for community strategies but not through the vehicle of LAAs.

Local authorities

Local authorities perform a key linking role with priorities for community engagement and community development and regeneration. They also have a role in the prevention of crime and in dealing with specific offender needs, including housing, drug and alcohol treatment, education, employment, as employers in their own right, social services, community safety and leisure.

Probation trusts

Probation boards/trusts represent the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) in partnership arrangements with other statutory bodies such as crime and disorder reduction partnerships, non-statutory bodies such as third sector organisations and local criminal justice boards, and in work with local communities to reduce re-offending. Probation is the local lead provider in offender management that engages with the local area agreement process. Until the Policing and Crime Act 2009, which made probation boards/trusts 'responsible authorities' on CDRPs/CSPs, probation was not a statutory partner in these partnerships, but was expected to co-operate with them and was frequently represented on partnership boards.

Primary care trusts

Primary care trusts (PCTs) are among the 'responsible authorities' within crime and disorder reduction partnerships. It is the responsibility of PCTs to ensure that offender health is considered as part of the joint strategic needs assessment carried out with the local authority and that offender health is given sufficient consideration by the CDRP and local strategic partnership.

760   Office for Criminal Justice Reform, Criminal Justice System Strategic Plan (2008-2011), 15 November 2007 Back

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Prepared 14 January 2010