ANNEX 2: LOCAL PERFORMANCE FRAMEWORKS
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOCAL CRIMINAL
JUSTICE BOARDS, CRIME AND DISORDER REDUCTION PARTNERSHIPS AND
LOCAL STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS, AND THEIR COMPONENT AGENCIES.
Reducing re-offending is an important aspect of the
crime reduction targets of crime and disorder reduction partnerships
(CDRPs) and community safety partnerships (in Wales), and the
targets set for local criminal justice boards to improve public
confidence in the criminal justice system.
Crime and disorder reduction partnerships in England
(CDRPs) and community safety partnerships in Wales (CSPs)
Partnerships between the police, local authorities,
probation service, health authorities, fire and rescue, the voluntary
sector, and local residents and businesses. Crime and disorder
partnerships and community safety partnerships were established
under the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 to audit crime and disorder
in their areas and set up a strategy to reduce it every three
years. The work of these partnerships is largely co-ordinated
by staff employed by local authorities and secondees from constituent
agencies. CDRP funding is administered through the local area
agreement, via local authorities. The Policing and Crime Act introduces
a new statutory duty for CDRPs/CSPs to reduce re-offending.
Local criminal justice boards
42 local criminal justice boards (LCJBs) were established
in England and Wales in 2003 to improve the delivery of justice
and services to victims and witnesses and to secure public confidence
in the criminal justice system. LCJBs join up criminal justice
agencies by bringing together chief officers and senior managers
from police, prisons, probation, Crown Prosecution Service, crown
courts, magistrates courts and youth offending teams. The Criminal
Justice System Strategic Plan 2008-11 gives a new remit to
local criminal justice boards to focus on reducing re-offending.
It is intended that local boards will work increasingly closely
with crime and disorder reduction partnerships to devise strategic
priorities and plans.
According to the Criminal Justice System Strategic
Plan LCJBs and CDRPs should work together to consider:
- the results of consultation
with local communities regarding their priorities and concerns;
- evidence from policing intelligence tools about
crime in their area;
- the performance of the criminal justice system
on bringing offences to justice and most serious crimes; and,
- the most effective way of dealing with offence
and offender types that emerge from the assessment of demand.
Local strategic partnerships (LSPs)
Local strategic partnerships in England provide a
forum for agreeing priorities for improvement in the local area
agreement (LAA). Local area agreements set out the priorities
for a local area agreed between central government and the local
area and simplify some central funding. Responsibility for delivery
of community safety outcomes in the LAA is the role of the crime
and disorder reduction partnerships. The annual review of LAAs
is intended to coincide with the CDRP plans; the priorities decided
on by the CDRP should inform those which go into the LAA. Local
strategic partnerships in Wales also agree priorities for community
strategies but not through the vehicle of LAAs.
Local authorities perform a key linking role with
priorities for community engagement and community development
and regeneration. They also have a role in the prevention of crime
and in dealing with specific offender needs, including housing,
drug and alcohol treatment, education, employment, as employers
in their own right, social services, community safety and leisure.
Probation boards/trusts represent the National Offender
Management Service (NOMS) in partnership arrangements with other
statutory bodies such as crime and disorder reduction partnerships,
non-statutory bodies such as third sector organisations and local
criminal justice boards, and in work with local communities to
reduce re-offending. Probation is the local lead provider in offender
management that engages with the local area agreement process.
Until the Policing and Crime Act 2009, which made probation boards/trusts
'responsible authorities' on CDRPs/CSPs, probation was not a statutory
partner in these partnerships, but was expected to co-operate
with them and was frequently represented on partnership boards.
Primary care trusts
Primary care trusts (PCTs) are among the 'responsible
authorities' within crime and disorder reduction partnerships.
It is the responsibility of PCTs to ensure that offender health
is considered as part of the joint strategic needs assessment
carried out with the local authority and that offender health
is given sufficient consideration by the CDRP and local strategic
760 Office for Criminal Justice Reform, Criminal
Justice System Strategic Plan (2008-2011), 15 November 2007 Back