Memorandum submitted by the Liga Medicorum
Homoeopathica Internationalis (LMHI) (HO 31)
1. The Liga Medicorum Homoeopathica Internationalis
(LMHI) was founded in Rotterdam, 10 September 1925 and
was established under the terms of Swiss civil law with Geneva
designated as its registered office.
1.2 The purposes of the association are
the development and securing of homeopathy worldwide and the creation
of a link among licensed homeopaths with medical diplomas and
societies and persons who are interested in homeopathy. The association
is exclusively devoted to non-profit activities serving philanthropic
1.3 The LMHI represents at this moment 70 countries
worldwide and has approximately 10.000 members. The LMHI
is therefore the worldwide biggest homeopathic medical association
representing around 50 homeopathic medical associations worldwide.
2. THE USE
2.1 In many countries all over the world
homeopathy has gained official status. It has been officially
recognized by the government as a system of medicine or medical
specialty in the following countries:
in Central and South America (Brazil,
Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico),
in Asia (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)
in Europe (Belgium, Bulgaria, Hungary,
Lithuania, Portugal, Romania, Russia, United Kingdom).
2.2 In some of these countries homeopathy
has been integrated into the national health care systems, namely
Brazil, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Sri
Lanka and the United Kingdom.
2.3 In India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, the
legal standing of homeopathy is equivalent to that of conventional
western (allopathic) medicine, many practitioners are certified
in both homeopathy and allopathic medicine, and the primary care
provider for many patients is a homeopathic doctor.
2.4 In India alone there are around 180,000 homeopathic
doctors, trained and educated in hundreds of homeopathic medical
colleges, recognized and supported by the Indian Government. Thousands
of homeopathic hospitals support the Indian health care system.
2.5 There are a few thousand veterinary
surgeons in the world who provide homeopathic treatment to pets,
food-producing and other animals. The International Association
for Veterinary Homeopathy IAVH established minimum training standards
and the requirements for teaching programmes, examinations and
continuing education. In most EU Member States there are special
homeopathic training programmes for veterinarians as well as for
dentists and pharmacists.
2.6 Over the past 30-40 years homeopathy
has benefited from growing demand both from doctors and from the
public in the majority of the European countries. According to
a survey by European Commission order three Europeans out of four
know about homeopathy and of these about 30% use it for their
2.7 In the European Union there are approximately
40,000 physicians who have taken a training course in homeopathy.
Many more doctors in Europe prescribe homeopathic medicines without
any homeopathic training: approximately 25-40% of the GPs from
time to time, 6-8% of them on a more regular basis.
2.8 Among the different forms of Complementary
and Alternative Medicine (CAM), in particular homeopathy has a
form of legal recognition in certain European countries, an organisational
structure at European level as well as in many other countries
in the world , self-regulatory mechanisms, and a level of scientific
2.9 Homeopathy is being increasingly recognised
as a potential asset to European health care and to many other
health care systems in the world. Resolutions on CAM (or non-conventional
medicine) have been adopted by the European Parliament and the
Council of Europe, EU Directives oblige the Member States to register
homeopathic medicinal products, and homeopathic medicinal products
are being included in the European Pharmacopoeia.
In Hungary (1997) and Lithuania (1999) homeopathy
is officially recognized as a regular medical method by the government.
2.10 In 1999 the Belgian Parliament
adopted a law with the aim to recognise some CAM modalities, including
homeopathy. According to this law homeopathy is considered as
an additional qualification (GP with homeopathy, paediatrician
with homeopathy etc).
The Portuguese Parliament in 2003 and the
Bulgarian Parliament in 2005 adopted similar laws, providing
a framework for recognition of individual branches of CAM including
The Italian Parliament is currently discussing
legislation that will eventually lead to the recognition of medical
qualifications in homeopathy and other branches of CAM.
Several National Medical Associations have recognised
homeopathy as a therapeutic medical method.
2.11 In Germany doctors can obtain, after
passing an examination, an additional qualification "Homüopathischer
Arzt" recognised by the Bundesärztekammer. A similar
situation exists in Austria where the additional qualification
"Homüopathie" is recognized by the ½sterreichische
The Latvian Medical Association (Latvijas Arstu
Biedriba), which regulates and supervises all medical specialties,
conferred homeopathy the official status of a clinical specialty
2.12 In 1997 the French Medical Association
(Ordre National des M
decins) recognised homeopathy as an existing therapeutic
medical method and stated that homeopathic education should be
installed at Universities, leading to a diploma authorised by
the Ordre, and that systematic information on homeopathy should
be given within the undergraduate medical curriculum.
2.13 A subspecialty under the term of "certificate
of capacity in homeopathy" has been in place in Switzerland
since 1998 in collaboration with the Swiss Medical Association
FMH, for doctors holding a title of a current specialty such as
General Medicine, Internal Medicine or Paediatrics.
2.14 In some countries, such as France,
Germany, Poland and Spain, homeopathic education is provided at
universities as well as at other training institutes. In France
at eight universities (Aix-Marseille, Besançon, Lille,
Paris-Bobigny, Bordeaux II, Limoges, Poitiers, and Lyon), in Germany
at five universities (Berlin, Düsseldorf, Hannover, Heidelberg,
and Freiburg), in Poland at seven universities (Warsaw, Poznan,
Krakow, Katowice, Lublin, Gdansk, and Wroclaw), and in Spain at
four universities (Barcelona, Murcia, Sevilla and Valladolid).
In all other European countries homeopathy is
taught in private training institutes.
2.15 Several hospitals in Europe, in their
out-patient departments, currently provide homeopathic treatment
by physicians, ie Austria (7), France (2), Germany (5), Spain
(2), Italy (some). There are five dedicated public sector homeopathic
hospitals in the United Kingdom.
2.16 The LMHI has been also adviser to the
World Health Organization (WHO) in regard to several working projects:
WHO Guidelines: Quality for Safety of Homeopathic
WHO Report Homeopathy: Overview and Analysis
of Clinical Research
WHO Guidelines for Homeopathic Education
According to the World Health Organisation WHO,
traditional medicine(TM) and complementary and alternative medicine
(CAM) account for a major part of the health care provided worldwide.
The WHO in 2002 drew up its report "Traditional Medicine
Strategy 2002-05", describing its first global strategy on
traditional and alternative medicine, which provides a framework
for policy to assist countries to regulate traditional or complementary/alternative
medicine (TM/CAM) to make its use safer, more accessible to their
populations and sustainable.
3.1 Homeopathy is rooted in experiment and
careful observation. In fact, the earliest systematic study of
the action of medicines in medical history is the homeopathic
pathogenetic trialalso called proving. Homeopathic pathogenetic
trials are a type of research, in which compounds are tested on
healthy human volunteers in order to observe as many effects as
possible, at a non-toxic level.
3.2 Over the 200 years of its existence
a large amount of documentation particularly case studies has
been published on the curative effects of homeopathic medicines.
Further, research in homeopathy takes place in the areas of Clinical
Research (on patients), and Basic Research (in laboratories).
A SAFE TREATMENT
Homeopathy is safe. Unlike other medication,
homeopathic medicines are non-toxic and harmless and do not have
any adverse side effects. Patients unable to use conventional
prescription drugs due to side effects can often safely use Homeopathic
medicines. Homeopathic medicines are natural, prepared from minute
amounts of herbs, minerals and animal products. Their quality
and safety are assured by the national medicine agencies based
eg on European Union legislation and European Pharmacopoeia requirements
as well as on the national requirements in other countries of
Homeopathic medicines are much less expensive
than conventional prescription drugs, because they are generic,
non-patented and non-patentable medicinal substances, produced
at low costs. On average, homeopathic medicines cost less than
1 per day in acute conditions and a few cents per day
(sometimes a fraction of a cent) in chronic conditions.
The long-term gain has been demonstrated by
several research studies. They show that patients who were treated
with homeopathy used fewer medications, had better health, fewer
days off sick, fewer visits to medical specialists, less time
in the hospital than patients of conventional physicians. Moreover,
there are no costs associated with complications due to adverse
medication effects. In other words, homeopathy may offer significant
cost savings to public health bodies, and to the economy more
On account of the just mentioned advantages
of an homeopathic treatment (Low-cost, high effectivity and safety)
the Government of Thailand recently introduced homeopathy in their
health care system providing alsoat a university levela
full Homeopathic training for their medical doctors according
to the Homeopathic Medical Education Standards from the LMHI.
It remains to mention that some health insurances
in Europe offer the reimbursement of homeopathic treatments. In
Germany eg, all PRIVATE Insurances reimburse the fees for the
consultations with a homeopathic MD, as well as the costs for
Also several PUBLIC Insurances made contracts
for reimbursement for the fees for homeopathic consultations with
the GERMAN ASSOCIATION OF HOMEOPATHIC MEDICAL DOCTORS. That means
all homeopathic doctors being members of this association and
having completed the three year long homeopathic training program
for medical doctors are able to take part of these contracts and
receive an adequate reimbursement for their work.
Dr Ulrich D. Fischer
Liga Medicorum Homoeopathica Internationalis