Culture, Media and Sport Committee - Racism in FootballWritten evidence submitted by The Football Association (The FA)


Central to The Football Association’s (The FA) Strategic Plan for 2011–15 is to deliver “football for everyone”. We are determined to provide an inclusive football experience for anyone who wishes to play or support English football. An experience that is reflective of our diverse communities, safe for all and free from abuse and discrimination.

As the game’s National Governing Body (NGB) we are responsible for, and accountable to, the “whole game”, from grassroots community football, through the professional game, to the 23 England teams that we administer and support. To impact such a broad range of participants (there are approximately seven million people regularly involved in football including over 400,000 volunteers) requires a range of programmes, services and interventions.

Our approach to all our equality work focuses on two key aspects: inclusion and anti-discrimination.

As such this submission seeks to provide the Committee with the following information:

(1)The historical, societal and international context of racism in English football.

(2)Pro-active interventions undertaken by the football authorities, including education.

(3)Monitoring equality, diversity and inclusion.

(4)Leadership opportunities and challenges.

(5)Moving forward.


We would be happy to expand on any of these issues should we be called to give oral evidence to the Committee; and have in addition provided a range of appendices to this submission which the Committee may find useful in their considerations. Should you have any questions, or require any further information please do not hesitate to contact me.

1. The Context of Racism in English Football

1.1 It is evident from recent events that both aggressive and subtle racism persists across British society. It can be of little surprise therefore, that racism also still manifests in football. But whilst it would be subjective to attempt to discern whether football reflects or impacts a wider societal trend, there is no doubt that incidents, particularly at the professional and elite end of the game, are both high-profile and opinion forming. As a consequence the ability of the football authorities, in partnership with other public and statutory bodies, to prevent, wherever possible and address issues of racial discrimination when they arise remains paramount.

1.2 In 1993, England was the first country to make a concerted effort to rid football of the mindless overt racism that saw our black players being regularly subjected to aggressive racist abuse from both fans and to a much lesser extent, their fellow players on the pitch. Since then, the work that has been done across football, to rid the game of these forms of racism has seen significant cultural change in the game as a whole and specifically in our stadia.

1.3 The low number of incidents of racist abuse (on and off the pitch) or discrimination within the professional game is unrecogniseable from 20 years ago. Both the Premier League and Football League are global competitions in their playing base and their market appeal. They are full of fiercely competitive players and clubs competing for significant financial prizes. Despite the many complexities they successfully integrate people from across numerous cultures and backgrounds and successfully develop a shared understanding of what is and what isn’t acceptable in the English game and our wider society.

1.4 The experience of English football fans, and indeed The FA from its international match experience is that this pattern of progress is not uniform across international football. The FA works closely with UEFA on inclusion and anti-discrimination initiatives via the Respect programme and via our representation of women and ethnic minorities on UEFA committees. We also support international programmes such as the anti-discrimination campaign led by the New Israel Fund, in Israel, which we helped to establish and to develop, working with FA ambassadors such as John Barnes and Brendon Batson. Based on the Kick It Out model, it is an increasingly visible part of Israeli football.

1.5 The FA believes that Sport and football plays an important role in creating an inclusive society. In 2012, much has been achieved in this regard but there are of course many challenges still to be faced. Our resources are now focused on inclusion and anti-discrimination in relation not only to race, ethnic origin, colour or nationality, but also to religion or belief, gender, sexual orientation, disability, age and social inclusion. Our equality policy,1 rules and regulations are based on the principles of the Equality Act, 2010, and we would be happy to provide the Committee further details of our work in these areas as well.

Brendon Batson MBE, former professional player and administrator at the PFA and current football consultant, recalls that in the mid-70’s, “Being called the N-word, week in, week out, always meant yet another fight.”

John Mann MP, Chairman All Party Parliamentary Group on Anti-Semitism, acknowledged in his report on Tackling Anti-Semitism and Islamophobia in Football, 2010 “Football has moved well beyond most other institutions in recognising the importance of tackling racism and as the country’s most recognisable export, it has developed an intolerance to racism that exceeds the standards of most other national football associations.”

2. Interventions by the Football Authorities

2.1 Anti-Discrimination: Anti-Racism Campaigns (see Appendix 4)

2.1.1 The football authorities have taken a collaborative approach to campaigning against racism in football, in particular through the establishment of the brand name of the campaign—Let’s Kick Racism Out of Football, in 1993, with Kick It Out as a body, being established in 1997. The FA has played a part as a Trustee and funding partner since that time, alongside the Premier League and the Professional Footballers Association. The FA’s funding for Kick It Out is The FA’s largest distribution to a campaigning body in football. Going forwards the Trustees are guiding Kick It Out, who are pulled in many directions, to work more strategically, on fewer objectives and to implement ways of measuring impact.

2.1.2 The FA also endorses the work of Show Racism the Red Card, (SRtRC) providing access to England team images, supporting local events and messaging about racism. SRtRC is an anti-racism charity established in 1996, which focuses on educational materials, fronted by high profile people, including professional footballers; as well as Football Unites and Racism Divides (FURD), a Sheffield based project, which was created to tackle a local problem and has grown to be recognised for its work more widely.

2.1.3 In Europe, we support the work of Football Against Racism in Europe (FARE), who operate alongside UEFA, national associations and campaigning organisations.

2.1.4 These campaigns have been instrumental in providing the football authorities and Clubs with a focused and sustained message about anti-racism and have begun to broaden out to address other areas of discrimination.

2.2 Anti-Discrimination: Behaviour Management Framework

Measures The FA has taken to effect cultural change in football have included the following:

2.2.1 Implementing the Ground Regulations, which set out the behaviour that is unacceptable in football stadia and the consequences of discriminatory behaviour, both in terms of ejection from the ground and possible banning orders under the Football Offences Act, 1991 (see Appendix 2).

2.2.2 The Ground Regulations give a club’s stewards the power to remove offenders from the stadium. Stewards should be trained and briefed to llisten out for, and to recognise, racist, homophobic or discriminatory abuse by spectators; report any such misconduct to the control room and follow club policy and/or instructions from the control room. The Stewards training embraces racism within an equality and diversity module.

2.2.3 The FA also works closely with the Clubs, the Leagues, the Police and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), in order to ensure that where there is evidence of discriminatory behaviour, action is taken and where proven the appropriate sanctions are imposed. 43 arrests2 were made in 2010–11 season in relation to racist and indecent chanting, as compared to 31 arrests in the previous season. The total attendance figures for this period cross the Premier and Football Leagues was approximately 23 million.

2.2.4 Within football’s own disciplinary framework, The FA has sanctions to deal with any Participant3 where there is proven on-field or off-field misconduct, including doping control, financial regulation, media comments, discrimination, betting and safeguarding children. The FA has direct jurisdiction from the Premier League down to Step 4 of the National League System (eg Ryman Division One) and have oversight and can prosecute cases managed by the County FAs below Step 4 and or other sanctioned competitions.

2.2.5 The FA specific rules4 which deal with individual participants in relation to: the use of threatening, abusive, indecent or insulting words or behaviour; reference to any one or more of a person’s ethnic origin, colour, race, nationality, faith, gender, sexual orientation or disability, which are known as “aggravating factors”; and or acts of discrimination. The FA can and does impose sanctions where a rule breach is proved on the balance of probability. These breaches may be committed on-field eg player on player or off-field via social media channels, media comments etc.

2.2.6 In relation to abusive, racist and discriminatory chanting by fans, when reviewing these incidents and considering the most appropriate action, The FA takes in to consideration a Club’s general approach to addressing such chanting and their approach to dealing with the specific incident. Independent Regulatory Commissions have the discretion to impose a sanction which reflects the aggravating or mitigating factors present in each case. Sanctions can be doubled and trebled for repeat offences. There is a right of appeal in all cases

2.2.7 The FA has also established a stakeholder group to review Crowd Management. This group, which is representative of the football stakeholders, including fans groups, produced the “Crowd Management Measures—Good Practice Guide”, in 2010. It provides Clubs with clear guidance on Stewarding, the use of technology, including text messaging for reporting concerns (such as the service promoted by Wembley Stadium), head and hand-held cameras and CCTV Cameras to gather evidence, education and communication with supporters, steps to take if an incident is reported and additional measures that can be implemented.

2.3 Inclusion: Raising Awareness and Education

2.3.1 The FA has developed an equality education programme of three workshops: Equality, Race Equality and Disability Equality. The workshops can be adapted to fit the professional game context and the Football League is working with The FA on this. All Referees have had training on the Laws of the Game and in particular Law 12, which includes recognizing “offensive, insulting and abusive language and behaviour”. All coach educators have received equality in tutoring training.

2.3.2 In 2004 The FA worked with the football authorities to develop a competency framework, to identify the competencies that would be needed at different levels and in different roles in football. Each authority used the framework to develop training provision as relevant to them eg FA staff, Premier League Clubs, PFA players etc.

2.3.3 The FA delivered tailored equality and diversity training for its staff at all levels and is planning refresher training. The Premier League has previously enabled training on equality and diversity in its Clubs and is currently planning refresher training. The Football League Clubs are responsible for providing the relevant equality and diversity training for their staff, and the Football League is working with The FA and Kick It Out, to enable its Clubs to deliver a Professional Game Equalities workshop.

2.3.4 The PFA, in conjunction with the Premier League and Kick It Out, has delivered Diversity training to scholars for the past few years. The training has also been delivered in approximately 12 Football League Clubs, with further training scheduled. The training focuses on guiding scholars/apprentices as to what is acceptable and unacceptable language and behaviour in football; what the possible consequences are for those who use this language and behaviour and how to respond if they experience it. An evaluation of the training for Football League apprentices in 2011, indicated that they found the training relevant and helpful, with a significant improvement in the Apprentices’ understanding of the issues, when comparing their self-evaluation, before and after the event. The PFA is currently planning training for senior players for next season.

2.3.5 In 2009, Kick It Out in conjunction with the Premier League developed the Equality Framework Standard for all professional Clubs. This framework guides the development and delivery of policies and practices that enable a Club to demonstrate good inclusive business practice across all aspects of the business eg recruitment, fans, stadia safety, commercial ventures etc.

The Standard includes the five aspects and evidence is required against each aspect:

Your club is committed to achieving equality and diversity across all areas of operation.

Your employment policies reflect your commitment as an equal opportunities employer.

buse and harassment associated with discrimination are eradicated from your stadium.

Your football reflects your community.

You publicly promote the activities of the club in working towards equality.

This evidence is then scrutinised by an independent accreditation panel, consisting of diversity experts, before the awarding of the appropriate level of the standard that is preliminary, intermediary or advanced.

2.3.6 The Stewards training “On the Ball” produced by The FA, Premier League and Football League, with input from Kick It Out and the Level Playing Field has an equality and diversity module, and is reviewed regularly.

2.3.7 The FA works in partnership with the CPS and the football authorities and equality partners such as Kick It Out, in periodically delivering conferences on Hate Crime in Football to raise awareness and educate participants at all levels. A joint conference is being scheduled for later in 2012.

2.3.8 Our Regulatory Commissions have all received equality training and completed an online assessment of their knowledge. No commissioner can sit on a discrimination hearing, without having met the competency standards required.

3. Monitoring Equality, Diversity and Inclusion in Football

3.1 Building in to our systems the ability to report on equality and diversity monitoring data is an ongoing priority. Our data for the Tesco Skills Programme and The FA Licensed Coaches Scheme is very robust, as the monitoring has been embedded from the start of these programmes. We are also able to provide accurate data for our FA Coaching Qualifications. However, systems for providing accurate data on our referees, players and FA Group staff are still evolving , and individuals of course have the option to tick “prefer not to say” to any or all of the monitoring fields.

3.2 Tesco Skills Programme

The Tesco Skills Programme, funded by Tesco and Sport England currently has 106 coaches and has reached over three million children with the following diverse make up. This programme is due to expand with 50 more coaches in 2012.


16.4% participants from black, Asian and minority ethnic backgrounds.

12.2% children in Skills Centres from black, Asian and minority ethnic backgrounds.

42% girls—15.9% from black, Asian and minority ethnic backgrounds.

7.1% girls in Skills Centres.

2.2% children disabled.


12 black, Asian and minority ethnic backgrounds = 11.3%.

23 female = 21.7%.

3.3 FA Coaching Qualifications

The following statistics are for participants taking The FA’s coaching Qualifications in 2010:

Level 1: 8.5% of 27,380 coaches were from black, Asian and minority ethnic groups.

Level 2: 9.2% of 6,373 coaches were from black, Asian and minority ethnic groups.

Level 3:5 4.2% of 1,369 coaches were from black, Asian and minority ethnic groups.

3.4 FA Licensed Coaches Scheme

The new Licensing scheme membership currently stands at 5,310 coaches. Of these 7.5% identify with being from a black, Asian or ethnic minority and 4.6% identify with one of the following faiths: Buddhist, Hindu, Sikh, Muslim, Jewish or other faith background.

3.5 FA Registered Referees

The following statistics are available for our 26,658 registered referees as of 13 February 2012:

3.2% non-white referees.

77.9% white referees.

0.87% withheld this information.

18.02% had data not recorded in relation to ethnicity.

The percentage of non-white referees has increased slightly since October 2010. An FA Diversity Action Group is working on targets and programmes to increase the diversity of our referees.

3.6 Englandfans membership currently comprises of 26,000 people; 3% of the membership identifies as from a black, Asian or ethnic minority.

3.7 FA Group Staff

The FA Group is implementing a HR and Payroll system in 2012, which will include diversity monitoring information on staff. The FA undertook a voluntary equality and diversity monitoring survey of its staff in 2010. 53.65% of the overall staff responded to the survey. Of these, 6% identified with being from black, Asian and minority ethnic groups.

FA roles are generally advertised via the new careers website and other media. The FA’s Equality partners have been informed about The FA’s careers website.

3.8 “Player Pass” is The FA’s Player Registration Scheme, with equality monitoring embedded. However, the national roll-out of this on-line system is reliant on voluntary uptake by leagues and Clubs over the coming seasons. It is our ambition that this includes every affiliated player and if this can be achieved then it would enable The FA to evaluate accurate equality monitoring data and set appropriate targets to address any areas of concern.

4. Inclusion: Demonstrating Leadership

4.1 Increasing Diversity in The FA’s Decision Making Processes

4.1.1 In 2008, The FA established a national Race Equality Advisory Group (REAG) to The FA Board. The REAG, which acts as a critical friend, has a number of prominent members from the Black African and Caribbean, Asian, Muslim, Sikh and Jewish communities represented on it. The FA is one of the only National Governing Bodies of Sport to appoint a REAG. The current Chairman is Lord Herman Ouseley, who represents the REAG on The FA’s Council.

4.1.2 In addition, there are now 10 County FAs with local Race and or Equality Advisory Groups (R/EAGs). A recent independent review of these advisory groups, established that football is the only sport to implement local advisory groups with a focus on equality/race equality.

The report recognised that to date County R/EAGs have:

Represented traditionally under-represented groups in football.

Advised on the coordination of Race Equality Football Development Initiatives and Events.

Supported “Kick it Out” campaigns and weeks of action.

Addressed workforce equality and diversity training.

Supported the development of black, Asian and Minority ethnic (BAME) referees.

Supported the development of BAME coaches at levels 1 and 2.

Provided some BAME representation on some CFA Disciplinary commissions.

Fed back to the Board and Executive of the CFA.

Reviewed CFA County Plans.

Improved the engagement of BAME grass roots football.

The report also recognised that R/EAGs have more potential to impact on diversifying the workforce.

4.1.3 Following an open recruitment process, The FA appointed Heather Rabbatts and Roger Devlin as Independent Non-Executive Directors to The FA Board, in December last year. Heather who was born in Jamaica, is the first women to sit on The FA Board.

4.2 Increasing Diversity at the higher levels of the coaching workforce

4.2.1 In 2011, following the recognition that there is a shortage of coaches from black, Asian and minority ethnic communities, with level 3 qualifications and above, The FA is leading a football-wide initiative called COACH. Backed by all of the Football Authorities, initially this saw the launch of a film which was released on social media, to encourage more coaches from black, Asian and minority ethnic backgrounds. The film was tracked for the first month and received over 70,000 hits.

4.2.2 The next stage of COACH has seen the opening of the application process for a bursary programme, supported by all the football authorities, to capacity build black, Asian and minority ethnic coaches aspiring to achieve higher (Level 3 and above) qualifications, so that they can more readily challenge for jobs in football. In recognition of the under-representation of ethnic minority coaches at the highest level of the game, The FA has also made spaces available specifically for ethnic minorities who attain the pre-requisites, on its Pro License course.

4.2.3 The FA’s position on the Rooney Rule is that we are always open to fresh ideas that can make a genuine difference. Approaches from other territories, in this case the USA, can provide useful case studies but the focus should be on producing an English football specific solution that reflects the existing coaching qualification requirements as coordinated by UEFA and the unique structure of the game and within the legislative framework in England. A meeting was held with NFL, FA and PFA to better understand the Rooney Rule and approach.

There are significant differences within the coaching/management profession and pathways between NFL and English Football. For instance little or no formal qualifications are needed to get an NFL coaching position, making the transition from player to sideline quicker and there appear to be no legal impediments to positive action. In England there are a series of qualification levels that must be obtained to be eligible particularly at the top end of the game. The Equality Act, 2010 imposes certain limits on the steps that may be taken in employment and related situations. COACH (see 4.2.1 and 4.2.2) provides opportunities to capacity build black, Asian and minority ethnic coaches with the relevant qualifications and experience to challenge for roles in football.

4.3 Asians in Football

4.3.1 Whilst Asian footballers and coaches haven’t broken through in great numbers, the routes to progress are there. Taff Islam is a young coach working within Arsenal’s academy while Jarnail Singh has refereed in the Football League. It’s this kind of visibility that offers encouragement across all areas of the game for the future. On the pitch, both Michael Chopra and Zesh Rehman have played in the Premier League.

4.3.2 Building on the Football for All conferences and various projects, we work alongside our Asian and Muslim colleagues via the Asians in Football Forum, the Asian and Muslim Women and Girls Group, our Faith in Football Group, the National Asians in Football Forum and the Black and Asian Coaches Association.

4.3.3 The aim of all of this work is to capacity build participation at grassroots; utilising flexible formats of football, for example the Mars Just Play programme, to engage with non-traditional football communities; signpost player pathways to development centres and academies, to support talented players; increase the engagement with professional clubs and Asian Community Clubs eg QPR in partnership with Sporting Equals, The FA and local leagues and communities.

4.4 Faith in Football

4.4.1 Following the establishment of a working group chaired by John Mann, MP on Anti-Semitism and Islamophobia, a report was published in 2010 with a number of recommendations. The FA responded to the report with a progress update in 2011, and continues to be open to the scrutiny of the REAG on these matters.

4.4.2 The “Y Word” film produced by the Baddiel brothers in partnership with Kick it Out, has been shown at professional matches, including Chelsea v Spurs. The FA played the 90 second campaign film at the England v Switzerland match and included a page in the programme dedicated to the campaign.

4.4.3 In 2011, The FA launched an education project, supported by The FA Chairman, with the Three Faiths Forum, hosting 60 children and their teachers from a Jewish, Muslim and Catholic school in the Learning Zone at Wembley. The aim of the project is to break down barriers, promote social cohesion, address any forms of faith-based prejudice and discrimination and promote participation in communities how have not previously engaged in football.

4.5 Celebrating Diversity

4.5.1 Since 2008, The FA has endorsed the Black List Awards, celebrating the achievements of the Black African and Caribbean communities in football. In 2012, The FA supported the inaugural Asian Football Awards and will support the inaugural Asian and Muslim Women’s Sport Foundations Awards.

4.5.2 The FA strives for the Player Escorts at every England game to be diverse and representative.

4.6 Reporting Discrimination

4.6.1 In 2011, The FA held a Reporting Discrimination Seminar, inviting members of all its inclusion and anti-discrimination advisory groups, to receive a presentation on the disciplinary framework. The FA’s procedures were cited “as robust as any Trades Union or University procedures”. A lay-person’s guide to reporting discrimination will be published for season 2012–13. Accompanying this submission is an invitation to the Committee to participate in a version of The FA’s Reporting Discrimination Seminar.

4.6.2 The FA has protocols in place for those working with its England squads to report alleged discrimination to the relevant authority eg UEFA or FIFA, if our players experience racism or discrimination when competing in their competitions.

5. Moving Forward

5.1 One of the three key goals in The FA’s Strategic Framework is “Football for Everyone”. We remain committed to delivering on this goal. We will continue to work collaboratively across the football family; we recognise we are stronger and can be more effective when we work in this way.

5.2 As the challenges in achieving equality, diversity and inclusion are dynamic and ever-evolving, The FA’s commitment to equality, diversity and inclusion has to adapt and change. The FA will continue to lead and deliver a wider focus on equality eg the launch of our action plan for the inclusion of Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Trans (LGB&T) in football; continuing our work in tackling stigma and raising awareness of mental health; developing further accessibility to FA websites and social media for those with disabilities; implementing a robust equality and diversity monitoring programme.

5.3 We continue to be committed to widening the diversity of those involved in running the game. To this end COACH will see the first tranche of coaches gaining placement experience in professional football, being mentored and seeking to achieve the higher level FA coaching qualifications in 2012.

5.4 We will work with the football family and our equality and statutory partners to educate and set standards about what is acceptable and what is not acceptable in the game. The 2012–13 season will see a joint football and CPS Conference on Hate Crime in football.

5.5 The current season has demonstrated that as the game’s governing body it is important that we remain ever-vigilant in our approach to combating all forms of discrimination in our game. We remain grateful for the continued support of all our partners both in football and in the wider public domain in helping us do so.



The FA is responsible for setting standards and values to apply throughout football at every level. Football belongs to, and should be enjoyed by, anyone who wants to participate in it. The aim of this policy is to ensure that everyone is treated fairly and with respect and that The FA is equally accessible to them all.

The FA’s commitment is to confront and eliminate discrimination whether by reason of gender, sexual orientation, marital status, race, nationality, ethnic origin, colour, religion or belief, ability or disability and to encourage equal opportunities.

This policy is fully supported by the Board of The FA and the Director of Football Governance and Regulation is responsible for the implementation of this policy.

The FA, in all its activities, will not discriminate, or in any way treat anyone less favourably, on grounds of gender, sexual orientation, marital status, race, nationality, ethnic origin, colour, religion or belief, ability or disability. The FA will ensure that it treats people fairly and with respect and that it will provide access and opportunities for all members of the community to take part in, and enjoy, its activities.

The FA will not tolerate harassment, bullying, abuse or victimisation of an individual, which for the purposes of this policy and the actions and sanction applicable is regarded as discrimination. This includes sexual or racially based harassment or other discriminatory behaviour, whether physical or verbal. The FA will work to ensure that such behaviour is met with appropriate action in whatever context it occurs.

The FA is committed to the development of a programme of ongoing training and awareness-raising events and activities in order to promote the eradication of discrimination within football.

The FA is committed to a policy of equal treatment of all Participants and for all Participants, to abide and adhere to this policy, and to the requirements of the Equality Act, 2010 and other relevant legislation and guidance (as amended from time to time).

The FA commits itself to the immediate investigation of any claim, when it is brought to their attention, of discrimination on the above grounds and where such is found to be the case, The FA will require that the practice stop and impose sanctions as appropriate.

The Football Regulatory Authority,

FA Handbook Season 2011–12



It is a criminal offence for any person to engage or take part in chanting of an indecent or racist nature at a football match. The Football (Offences) Act 1991 defines “racist nature” as: “Anything that is threatening or abusive or insulting to a person by reason of colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins”. The Ground Regulations give a club’s stewards the power to remove offenders from the stadium.

Notice: Entry to the Ground is expressly subject to acceptance by the visitor of these Ground Regulations and the rules and regulations of FIFA, UEFA, The Football Association, The Premier League and The Football League in respect of the relevant competition. The Ground Regulations incorporate the Club’s Customer Charter (if any). Entry to the Ground shall constitute acceptance of the Ground Regulations.

“The use of threatening behaviour, foul or abusive language is strictly forbidden and will result in arrest and/or ejection from the Ground. The Club may impose a ban for one or more Matches.

Racial, homophobic or discriminatory abuse, chanting or harassment is strictly forbidden and will result in arrest and/or ejection from the Ground. The Club may impose a ban for one or more Matches.

The following acts are offences under the Football (Offences) Act 1991, as amended:

The throwing of any object within the Ground without lawful authority or excuse.

The chanting of anything of an indecent or racialist nature.

The entry onto the playing area or any adjacent area to which spectators are not generally admitted without lawful authority or excuse.

Conviction may result in a Banning Order being made.”

Extract from the Football Offences Act, 1991

“Indecent or racialist chanting:

(1)It is an offence to engage or take part in chanting of an indecent or racialist nature at a designated football match.

(2)For this purpose:

(a)“chanting” means the repeated uttering of any words or sounds (whether alone or in concert with one more others); and

(b)“of a racialist nature” means consisting of or including matter which is threatening, abusive or insulting to a person by reason of his colour, race, nationality (including citizenship) or ethnic or national origins.”



E. Conduct

General Behaviour

E3 (1) A Participant shall at all times act in the best interests of the game and shall not act in any manner which is improper or brings the game into disrepute or use any one, or a combination of, violent conduct, serious foul play, threatening, abusive, indecent or insulting words or behaviour.

E3 (2) In the event of any breach of Rule E 3(1) including a reference to any one or more of a person’s ethnic origin, colour, race, nationality, faith, gender, sexual orientation or disability (an “aggravating factor”), a Regulatory Commission shall consider the imposition of an increased sanction, taking into account the following entry points:

For a first offence, a sanction that is double that which the Regulatory Commission would have applied had the aggravating factor not been present.

For a second offence, a sanction that is treble that which the Regulatory Commission would have applied had the aggravating factor not been present.

Any further such offence(s) shall give rise to consideration of a permanent suspension.

These entry points are intended to guide the Regulatory Commission and are not mandatory.

The Regulatory Commission shall have the discretion to impose a sanction greater or less than the entry point, according to the aggravating or mitigating factors present in each case.



Kick It Out is Football’s Equality and Inclusion Campaign

Kick It Out works throughout the football, educational and community sectors to challenge discrimination, encourage inclusive practices, and work for positive change. The campaign is supported and funded by the game’s governing bodies, including founding body the Professional Footballers Association (PFA), the Premier League and The Football Association.

Show Racism the Red Card (SRtRC)

Show Racism the Red Card is an anti-racism charity, which was established in January 1996. The aim of our organisation is to produce anti-racist educational resources, which harness the high profile of professional footballers to combat racism.

Football Unites Racism Divides (FURD)

FURD believes that football, as the world’s most popular game, can help to bring together people from different backgrounds to play, watch and enjoy the game, and to break down barriers created by ignorance or prejudice. The project was started in 1995 by a group of Sheffield United fans who were concerned about a number of incidents of racist abuse both in and around the stadium, which is situated in a community where about 44% of the local youth population is black or Asian.

February 2012

1 The FA’s Equality Policy is available at Appendix 1

2 Home Office Statistics on Football-Related Arrests and Banning Orders season 2010-11

3 A “Participant” means an Affiliated Association, Authorised Agent, Competition, Club, Club Official, Licensed Agent, Player, Official, Match Official, Management Committee Member, Member or Employee if an affiliated Club and all such persons who are from time to time participating in any activity sanctioned either directly or indirectly by The Association.

4 See Appendix 3 for the relevant FA Rules

5 See 4.2 re COACH for our football-wide proactive work to address the lack of black, Asian and minority ethnic coaches qualified at Level 3 and above

Prepared 18th September 2012