Drugs: Breaking the Cycle - Home Affairs Committee Contents

Annex 1: Some of the drugs available in the UK[317]

2-MK2-MK is a drug which is being marketed as the new and legal version of Methoxetamine (MXE). Almost nothing is known about its harms. Its chemical name may be 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone). MXE was itself originally manufactured as a legal alternative to ketamine but was banned under a temporary order in April 2012. 2-MK is also a "research chemical".

(AKA: He-Man)

5-IT is a fairly new legal drug whose harms and effects are still mostly unknown. Sometimes it has been referred in the media as He-Man. It is a stimulant but also has some tryptamine qualities which mean it can give powerful hallucinations.
5-MeO-DALT5-MeO-DALT is an extremely powerful illegal hallucinogen (tryptamine) with strong psychedelic effects.

(AKA: x, Tai High Hawaiian Haze, Mary Joy, ecsess, devil's weed, Bombay Blue Extreme, Annihilation, Amsterdam gold)

Annihilation is brand of a legal, herbal smoking mixture that contains a synthetic form of cannabis. It is much stronger than normal cannabis (including skunk). It can give a short intense hallucinatory trip.
Benzo Fury

(AKA: White Pearl, Bliss,

6-APDB, 6-APB, 5-APDB, 5-APB)

Benzo Fury is a brand of new legal stimulant which may contain almost anything, including the chemical 6-(2-aminopropyl) benzofuran. Some batches may also contain other substances, some legal some illegal. Its effects are fairly close to ecstasy including increased energy, mood enhancement with some hallucinations.

(AKA: Legal crack)

Ethylphenidate is a white-powdered stimulant and is generally an amphetamine like substance. It is mainly snorted, sometimes swallowed and acts on the central nervous system. It causes rapid heartbeat but also gives some euphoria which has been described as a mild form of cocaine.
Glues, gases and aerosols .

(AKA: Whippets, Volatile Substances, Tooting, Solvents, Petrol, Nitrous oxide, Laughing gas, inhalants, Huffing, Glues, glue sniffing, Gases, Gas, dusting, chroming, Aerosols)

Volatile substances cover a wide range of products, such as gases, glues and aerosols. The products that are abused all have a legitimate day to day use, which means they can be easily obtained. When inhaled, volatile substances have a similar effect to alcohol. They make people feel uninhibited, euphoric and dizzy.

(AKA: Quat, qat, qaadka, chat)

Khat (Catha edulis) is a leafy green plant containing 2 main stimulants. Their main effects are similar to, but less powerful than, amphetamine (Speed).

(AKA: K2)

Kronic is a brand of herbal smoking mixture which contains a synthetic form of cannabis. It is not something you can just smoke casually - it is a lot stronger than normal cannabis (including skunk). One or two tokes will have a very powerful effect, and often too much for the inexperienced smoker. Kronic is smoked in a spliff or a pipe and gives a very intense high, or even a short hallucinatory trip.

(AKA: Sparkle)

MDAI is a legal stimulant and club drug. Chemically it is 5,6-Methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane. Its effects are reported to be fairly close to ecstasy including mood enhancement with some hallucinations. However it is usually a much more pure drug than ecstasy. It effects are generally milder.


Methiopropamine (MPA) is a legal powerful stimulant which is similar chemically and in action to methamphetamine but milder. It is synthetic and made from a collection of chemicals. Not much is known about its harms and dangers. It can be snorted or swallowed but is often smoked, giving a strong sense of confidence and energy.

(AKA: TNT, Thrust, Rock hard, Ram, Liquid Gold, Kix, Amyls, Rush, Buzz, Tibal juice)

Poppers are the common term for the volatile liquid amyl nitrite. There are other varieties (butyl and isobutyl nitrites) and collectively they are called alkyl nitrites. It gives a rapid rush, making the heart race.

(AKA: Mexican Magic Mint, holy sage, Eclipse)

Salvia divinorum is a Mexican plant, with leaves that contain psychoactive chemicals that produce hallucinations when chewed or when dried and smoked. Depending on dosage, experiences can vary from the fairly mild to full blown with psychedelic hallucinations. At higher doses users can experience dramatic time distortion, vivid imagery and scary hallucinations.

(AKA: Ultram, Tramal)

Tramadol is an opiate painkiller used to treat moderate to severe pain which is sometimes used recreationally. Like other opiates, it stimulates brain opioid receptors but it also increases brain serotonin levels. It is only available with a prescription from your doctor.

Illegal (Classified under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971)

(AKA: 2CT-7, Tripstacy, T-7, Seventh-heaven, 7-Up)

2CB is a powerful hallucinogenic drug. It is also a stimulant and is a Class A drug.

(AKA: Vanilla Sky, Purple Wave, Ivory Wave, Diphenylmethylpyrrolidine, Desoxypipradrol, D2PM)

2-DPMP is a powerful stimulant that has been found in the product 'Ivory Wave'. It was taken as a 'legal high' and has amphetamine-like stimulant effects similar to speed. It is a Class B drug.
Anabolic Steroids

(AKA: Juice, Roids, Stanazol, Anadrol)

Steroids are drugs designed to help restore or build muscle tissue if combined with appropriate exercise and diet. They mimic the effects of the naturally produced testosterone in the body. They are a class C drug but it is not an offence to posses them in a medicinal form, only supplying and selling them.

(AKA: Whizz, Sulph, Phet, Paste, Dexies, Billy, Base, Speed)

Amphetamines—including amphetamine sulphate, Dexedrine, and dexamphetamine—are stimulants that people take to keep them awake and alert. They are Class B drugs (although Methamphetamine and amphetamines in injectable form are both Class A).

(AKA: Barbs, barbies, blue bullets, blue devils, gorillas, nembies, pink ladies, red devils, sleepers, Amytal, Sodium Amytal, Soneryl, Seconal, Tuinal)

Barbiturates are drugs which used to be regularly prescribed for anxiety, depression and insomnia. However, they are only prescribed for very serious insomnia. They are a Class B drug.

(AKA: weed, skunk, sinsemilla, sensi, resin, Puff, Pot, Marijuana, herb, hashish, hash, grass, ganja, draw, Dope, Bud, bhang)

Cannabis is a Class B drug derived from the cannabis plant, a bushy plant found wild in most parts of the world and easily cultivated in Britain.

(AKA: pyrovalerone, Methylone, MDPV, M1, butylone)

Cathinones are the family of related chemicals, including cathinone and many synthetically produced chemicals, like Mephedrone, methylone (M1) and MDPV. Cathinones are 'cousins' of the amphetamine family of drugs, which includes amphetamine itself (speed) and MDMA (ecstasy), and which have similar effects. Cathinones were sold as so called 'legal highs' until they became Class B drugs in April 2010.

(AKA: White, Wash, Toot, Stones, Snow, Sniff, Rocks, Percy, Pebbles, Freebase, Crack, Coke, Ching, Charlie, Chang, C)

Powder cocaine (also called coke), freebase and crack are all forms of cocaine which is a Class A drug. They're all powerful stimulants, with short-lived effects - which that means that they temporarily speed up the way your mind and body work, but the effects are short-lived.
Dimethyltryptamine .

(AKA: DMT, Dimitri)

Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) is a hallucinogenic drug, whose effects are similar to LSD and magic mushrooms. It is a Class A drug.

(AKA: XTC, X, Rolex's, Pills, Mitsubishi's, MDMA, Mandy, E, Dolphins, Crystal, Cowies, Brownies)

Ecstasy is a Class A drug that usually comes in tablet or capsule form. The chemical name of pure ecstasy is 3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine or MDMA for short and it makes users feel alert and energised.

(AKA: Liquid Ecstasy, GBL, GBH, 4-BD, 1)

GHB (gammahydroxybutrate) and GBL (gammabutyrolactone), are closely related, dangerous drugs with similar sedative and anaesthetic effects. GBL is converted to GHB shortly after entering the body. Both produce a feeling of euphoria and can reduce inhibitions and cause sleepiness. GHB is a Class C drug.

(AKA: Green, K, Special K, Super K, Ket, Vitamin K, Donkey Dust)

Ketamine is a Class C drug. It is a powerful general anaesthetic that's used for operations on humans and animals. Ketamine can cause a loss of feelings in the body and paralysis of the muscles. It can also lead to users experiencing a distortion of reality.

(AKA: Window, Trips, Tripper, Tab, Stars, Smilies, Rainbows, Paper Mushrooms, Micro Dot, Lucy, Liquid Acid, Lightning Flash, L, Hawk, Flash, Drop, Dots, Cheer, Blotter, Acid)

Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is an hallucinogenic drug that is derived originally from ergot, a fungus found growing wild on rye and other grasses. It's a Class A drug.
Magic Mushrooms.

(AKA: Shrooms, Philosopher's Stone, Mushies, Magics, Liberty Cap, Liberties, Amani, Agaric)

These are hallucinogenic mushrooms that grow wild in many parts of the world and the UK in autumn. The main type used is the liberty cap (Psilocybe semilanceata) but fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) is also sometimes used. Magic Mushrooms are a Class A drug.

(AKA: White Magic, Miaow, Meph, Meow Meow, MC, M-Cat, Drone, Charge, Bubble, Bounce, 4-MMC)

Mephedrone (often called 'meow meow') is a powerful stimulant and is part of the cathinone family, a group of drugs that are closely related to the amphetamines - including amphetamine itself (often called 'speed'), methamphetamine and ecstasy. Mephedrone is a Class B drug.

(AKA: peyote buttons, peyote)

Mescaline is a Class A drug. It is a psychedelic or hallucinogenic drug whose use leads to altered perceptions. It comes from button-shaped 'seeds' found in the Peyote cactus and also from some other members of the Cactaceae plant family and from Fabaceae bean family.

(AKA: Physeptone, Mixture, Linctus)

Methadone is a synthetic opiate manufactured for use as a painkiller and as substitute for heroin in the treatment of heroin addiction. It has similar effects to heroin but doesn't deliver the same degree of buzz or high as heroin. Without a valid prescription, it is a Class A drug.

(AKA: Yaba, Tina and Christine, Meth, Ice, Glass, Crystal Meth, Crank)

Methamphetamine stimulates the brain and nervous system in a similar way to cocaine and 'speed'. Methamphetamine has stronger effects that last longer than the classical speed, amphetamine sulphate and is a Class A drug, while amphetamine sulphate is a Class B drug. The crystal form of methamphetamine, sometimes called Crystal Meth or Ice, is extremely powerful and addictive.
Methoxetamine .

(AKA: Roflcoptr, Rhino Ket, MXE, Moxy, MKET, Mexy, mexxy)

Methoxetamine (also known as mexxy or MXE) is a newly reported 'legal high'. Although there is very little evidence about its short and long term effects, we do know that it is chemically related to 'dissociative anaesthetics' like ketamine and PCP, and has similar effects. It was made a Class B drug in 2012.

(AKA: Rave, NRG1, NRG-1, Energy1, Energy-1)

Naphyrone is a Class B drug. It is a stimulant with effects similar to recently controlled drugs like Mephedrone. This drug is chemically related to pyrovalerone which used to be prescribed to treat lethargy and fatigue, but was discontinued because of concerns over potential for misuse. (Pyrovalerone is a Class C drug).

(AKA: The Good Stuff, Smiley's, Silver Bullet, Rapture, Pep Twisted, Pep Stoned, Pep Love, pep, Party Pills, Nemesis, Legal X, Legal E, Happy Pills, Frenzy, Fast Lane, Exodus, Euphoria, ESP, Cosmic Kelly, BZP, Bolts Extra Strength, Blast, A2)

Piperazines are a broad class of chemical compounds which mimic the effects of ecstasy. They were produced as a legal alternative to ecstasy (though have since been classified as Class C drugs).

(AKA: red mitsubishi, PMMA, Pink McDonalds, Pink Ecstasy, mitsubishi turbo, killer, Dr Death, double stacked, Chicken Yellow, Chicken Fever)

PMA is a Class A drug similar to MDMA (ecstasy). It can make users feel alert, alive and full of energy. Its similarity means that PMA is actually sometimes sold as ecstasy. It is also known as paramethoxymethyamphetamine, or para-methoxymethyamphetamine.

(AKA: Vallies, Rugby balls, Roofies, Rohypnol, Norries, Moggies, Mazzies, Jellies, Eggs, Downers, Blues, Benzos, Bonzai)

Tranquillisers can induce periods of calmness, relaxation and sleep and are used to treat anxiety and insomnia. They are prescription only medicines that can normally only be prescribed following a consultation with a doctor. Without a prescription, they are a Class C drug.

There are many different types of minor tranquillisers, but the most common are the group of drugs called benzodiazepines. These include Rohypnol, Valium (also called diazepam), temazepam and phenazepam (although this latter drug is sometimes found in street drugs, it is not prescribed by doctors in the UK).

317   Collated from the Angelus Foundation, FRANK and DrugScope websites Back

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© Parliamentary copyright 2012
Prepared 10 December 2012