DFID's programme in Zambia - International Development Committee Contents


3  DFID's Programme

15. While the Government of Zambia provides the majority of funding to deliver its National Development Plan, it works with 'Cooperating Partners', that is the main donors, who provide c. 1.3 billion dollars per year. The Government and the Cooperating Partners have agreed to deliver aid effectively to support development outcomes of the SNDP and have set out how they intend to do so in the Joint Assistance Strategy for Zambia II, 2011-15 (JASZ II), which was signed in November 2011 by four multilateral donors and nine countries with bilateral programmes, including the UK. The donors have agreed to have different levels of involvement in different sectors. The UK takes the lead in six sectors; this is more than any other bilateral donor. The UK's lead sectors are: health; gender; social protection; governance; manufacturing, commerce and trade; and macroeconomics.[24]

16. DFID's bilateral aid budget has three main pillars: human and social development, governance and wealth creation. The first two are areas which DFID Zambia has been involved in for some time; wealth creation is a new area and most of the programmes have yet to be approved. The top priorities for the bilateral programme are to

·  strengthen service delivery capacity and decision making ability;

·  provide cash transfers;

·  reduce malaria deaths and maternal mortality; and

·  increase opportunities for rural wealth creation.[25]

17. DFID's bilateral programmes are set out in operational plans for each country covering the years 2011-15. These are updated each year, usually in May. The May 2012 update for Zambia differs in a number of key respects from the May 2011 version. There are significant reductions in spending for 2012-13 on wealth creation, governance and security, HIV/AIDs, and poverty, whereas expenditure is increased on health, education, reproductive, maternal and newborn health,  malaria, and water and sanitation. The biggest changes are a reduction in spending of almost £4 million in wealth creation and £3.5 million on governance and security and increases of £5.5 million on reproductive, maternal and newborn health, over £3 million on water and sanitation, £2.5 million in education and almost £2 million on malaria.

18. The Minister explained the reasons for changes to the Operational Plan:

    ...as Zambia's broad condition is changing, we need to focus more and more of our programmes on what is really going to help underpin those who are the poorest.... Therefore, boosting public service delivery... is where we can deliver the best effect ..., because we have a number of MDGs in Zambia that are very seriously off-track; we want to try to focus on that, so the health one clearly comes through, as well as education.[26]

19. The latest state of DFID Zambia's projects are set out in Table 1 below:[27] Table 1: Current DFID Programmes in Zambia (June 2012)

Overall Framework is £235m (ZK 1.8tn) over 4 years (2011-2015)
Programme Duration & Cost Programme Objective
Cross cutting
Growth & Poverty Reduction Grant (Budget Support)

£58m (2012-2014)

Support to the Government's budget to provide better value for money services to poor Zambians (health, education, water and social security) and increase investments in infrastructure and agriculture
Governance
Anti-Corruption Together

£5.7m (2009-2014)

Support the Anti-Corruption Commission and African Parliamentarians Network Against Corruption to embed anti-corruption initiatives in selected line ministries
Public Service Management

£3m (2006 - 2011)

Improve management of public funds

Pay reform, service delivery improvement and payroll management

Strengthening Public Financial Management

£2.2m (2011-2013)

Reforms in the areas of IFMIS, procurement, internal audit and controls and tax revenue administration
Zambia Governance Foundation

£1.5 million (2010-2012)

Provide grants and technical support to civil society organisations to help them influence government and monitor government budgets to ensure resources are used for their intended purpose
Zambia Climate Resilience Programme

£162,151 (2009 - 2013)

Support to Government of Zambia to integrate climate resilience into its development planning
Parliamentary Reform Programme III

£1.4m (2008 - 2011)

Assist Zambia's National Assembly to be better able to scrutinise government

Help MPs to become more accessible to their constituents

Economic Advocacy

£3.47m (2012-2016)

Strengthening economic and civil society think tanks to promote public understanding of and debate on economic policy issues critical to growth and poverty reduction
Statistics
Support to 2010 Census

£3 million (2010 - 2013)

Financial and technical assistance to the Central Statistical Office to carry out the 2010 Zambian National Census
Human & Social Development
Social Cash Transfer Expansion

£38m (2009-2019)

Provide household grants, child grants and pensions to the poorest and most vulnerable. 32,645 households in 10 districts currently covered.
Malaria & Child Health

£22.6m (2011-2015)

Purchase anti-malarial commodities: bednets, drugs, kits to test for malaria

Support GRZ's Essential Medicine Logistics Improvement programme to improve the drug supply chain

Nutrition

£3.9m (2011-2015)

Child Health Weeks; pilots to introduce Vitamin A biofortified maize and distribute diarrhoea treatment packs in Coca-Cola crates; advocacy and awareness raising of nutrition issues
Support to Family Planning

£14.8m (2011-15)

Supply contraceptives for poor women

Expand coverage of family planning services and increase the capacity of the public sector to deliver these

Maternal Health Programme

£9.1m (2009-2012)

Purchase Emergency Obstetric equipment so that more mothers can deliver safely in clinics

Educate local communities to tackle barriers to accessing safe deliveries and maternal health services

Adolescent Girls Empowerment

£8.4m (2011-2017)

Provide safe spaces to 10,000 adolescent girls to help them build positive social networks, learn more about their health and talk about issues with girls their own age
Human Resources for Health

£2.5m (2010 - 2013)

Train a new cadre of 313 Community Health Assistants to deliver health services in rural areas
Zambia HIV/AIDS Programme

£2.5m (2009-2012)

Support the National Aids Council to co-ordinate national policy on HIV/AIDS
Sanitation & Hygiene

£19m (2011-2015)

Community Led Total Sanitation and campaigns to encourage hand washing with soap

Construction of latrines in schools and health clinics

Prevention Against Gender Based Violence

£750,000 (2012 - 2015)

Improved response and prevention to gender based violence
Zambia UK Health Workforce Alliance

£970,000 (2009-2012)

Support for Zambian nurses to obtain qualifications

Develop long term linkages between UK and Zambian institutions and skill sharing between midwives

PROGRAMMES UNDER DESIGN (NOT YET APPROVED - INDICATIVE FIGURES ONLY)
Democratic Accountability and Representation

£20m (2012-2017)

Improving democratic accountability in Zambia by strengthening the CSOs and the media to represent citizen's interests, and helping Political Parties and the National Assembly to function better
Wealth Creation - Rural Markets Development

£5m (2012-2016)

Increase the productivity of poor smallholder farmers by strengthening markets for inputs and crops by stimulating private sector development in rural markets, with a focus on the agricultural sector
Wealth Creation - Access to Finance

£15m (2012-2017)

Increase poor people's access to financial services, especially in the rural areas
Wealth Creation - Improved Investment & Trade

£8m (2012-2017)

To support Zambia's ability to attract investment and boost trade performance.
Intensifying HIV Prevention in Zambia

£11m (2012-2016)

Increasing the demand and utilisation of HIV prevention services by supporting Couples' HIV counselling and testing. Supporting the roll-out of a grant mechanism to fund community-led HIV prevention activities

Information supplied by DFID, June 2012

20. The priority areas of DFID's bilateral programme are human and social development, wealth creation and governance. These priorities are agreed and coordinated with the Government of Zambia and other donors and we approve them.


24   JASZ II, Annex 2, p 5 Back

25   DFID, Annual Report and Accounts, 2011-12, p 71 Back

26   Q 49 Back

27   As of June 2012; supplied by DFID Zambia  Back


 
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Prepared 6 September 2012