International Development Committee - UK Aid to RwandaFurther written evidence submitted by DFID

Annex B



The Government of Rwanda is pushing for, and achieving, exceptionally fast development. A post-genocide emphasis on reconstruction, state-building and basic services is now shifting to one of economic transformation and growth, requiring a vigorous private sector attracting strong investment and generating revenues to replace high levels of aid. DFID sees the need for four fundamental transformations: i) from an agricultural economy to private sector-led growth; ii) significantly improved education and health services that deliver the Millennium Development Goals; iii) increased accountability of the state to citizens and empowerment of women, girls and the extreme poor; and iv) transition to more open and inclusive politics and enhanced human rights. The UK development programme in Rwanda is designed to catalyse these transformations.

Rwanda’s development progress is impressive, but it is also fragile. The tightly-controlled political system, coupled with fast-paced improvement of services and creation of wealth, are fundamental aspects of Rwanda’s state-building strategy. The UK’s political discussions with the Rwandan Government focus on ensuring this process becomes increasingly inclusive, so that Rwanda’s development success can be sustained through the political transitions of 2017.

Alignment to DFID and Wider UK Government Priorities

In close partnership with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) in Rwanda, DFID is:

Scaling up UK support in Rwanda in recognition of Rwanda’s excellent development performance. DFID will continue to provide a significant proportion of the UK’s support through budget support (an average of 65% over the four years—[although this is now under review—see main text]) because this is spent well and accountably; delivers measurable results; and maintains the UK’s influence over development expenditure and results and ability to engage in debate on governance/political issues;

Increasing governance analysis and dialogue working with the FCO and other partners to ensure a more robust, constructive, evidence-based dialogue with the government which helps open political and economic space.

Increasing citizens’ ability to hold government to account, spending an amount equivalent to 6.5% of the UK’s budget support on increasing accountability.

Stepping up UK support to the private sector, including boosting regional trade, reflecting the need to harness the private sector for growth and address constraints to private-sector led growth, consistent with the UK’s Africa Free Trade Initiative, and working cooperatively with the FCO on commercial diplomacy.

Supporting the Government of Rwanda to protect the poorest people and the economy from the effects of a changing climate, given Rwanda’s particular vulnerability to its effects, and work with FCO to increase Rwanda’s global voice on climate change.

Targeting the poor, though sector budget support in health, education and agriculture, and social protection for the most vulnerable.

Contributing to all four areas of DFID’s strategic vision in support of girls and women: delay first pregnancy; direct assets for girls and women; get girls through secondary school and prevent violence against girls and women.

Supporting the Government of Rwanda further to cement its commitment to poverty reduction in the next Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (2013–17), drawing on lessons from the DFID programme in Rwanda, and DFID’s technical skills in social, political and economic analysis.

Clearly describing the results DFID aims to achieve, and progress in doing so, emphasising value for money and transparency;

Continuing to work in closely with development partners in Rwanda to achieve greater aid effectiveness.

November 2012

Prepared 30th November 2012