Committee on Climate Change should continue to keep the level
of the carbon budgets under review to fully reflect the evolving
climate change science, and the Government should be ready to
tighten these budgets on advice from Committee on Climate Change.
10. If the EU moves
from a 20% to a 30% emissions reduction target for 2020, the Government
must tighten its second and third carbon budgets to make them
consistent with the Committee on Climate Change's intended budget
levels. (Paragraph 24)
11. We recommend that
the Government abandon its review of the fourth carbon budget.
However, if it is unwilling to take such a step, it should use
its response to this report, or its response in October to the
Committee on Climate Change's fifth progress report, to (i) commit
to not loosening the fourth carbon budget, (ii) identify when
it will come forward with key policy initiatives to bridge the
non-traded sector of the fourth carbon budget, (iii) state how
it plans, through the discussions with the European Commission,
to strengthen the EU Emissions Trading System, and (iv) explain
what would represent a 'significant change' to support an adjustment
to the budgets under the provisions of the Climate Change Act.
12. In preparation
for a global deal on climate change in 2015, inevitably couched
in terms of the 'production' of emissions, the Government should
re-examine with the Committee on Climate Change the possibility
of introducing a supplementary target focused on emissions 'consumption'
embedded in imports, and the potential implications of such a
target for the industrial strategies recently published by BIS.
13. The Government
should urgently review the barriers holding back take-up of the
Green Deal and Energy Company Obligation schemes, including a
survey of potential clients, in time to bring forward fiscal incentives
in the Autumn Statement 2013 to bolster them before low take-up
rates produce a widespread lack of confidence among both clients
and the industry. While DECC has to find staffing reductions as
a result of the recent Spending Review, the resources needed for
the Green Deal and Energy Company Obligation review should be
given priority. (Paragraph 53)
14. In light of the
evidence we have received in our inquiry, during the passage of
the Energy Bill the Government should reconsider setting a decarbonisation
target now for 2030, which would deliver the Committee on Climate
Change's recommended limit of 50g CO2/kWh by 2050. (Paragraph
15. When the Government
provides its response to the Committee on Climate Change's annual
progress reports it should facilitate a debate on those responses
in the House (Paragraph 61)
16. We recommend that:
- The Carbon Plan be updated
on an annual basis, after the Government reflects on the Committee
on Climate Change's annual progress report.
- Changes to policies, and the impact on emissions
abatement expected, be spelt out in the updated Carbon Plan. Revised
estimates of emissions reductions from all policies should be
included as an annex.
- The Government report progress on a quarterly
basis against all milestones in the Carbon Plan. Any delays that
might materially affect the UK meeting the carbon budgets should
- The National Emissions Target Board convene regularly.
It should actively monitor performance of policies in reducing
emissions, and take explicit account of the Committee on Climate
Change's progress reports. The Board must take control of identifying
the new policies and incentives needed in the next two years to
get the UK on track to meet the third and fourth carbon budget.
Government should reconsider placing a statutory duty on local
authorities to produce low-carbon plans for their area and work
to ensure that all local authorities are measuring and reporting
on their emissions. (Paragraph 73)