For ease of reference, the full text of Baroness
Hayman's House of Lords Reform Bill [HL] 2013-14, as introduced,
is reproduced below:
A BILL TO Make provision for permanent leave of absence
from the House of Lords; to provide for the expulsion of members
of the House of Lords in specified circumstances; to make provision
for the appointment of a Commission to make recommendations to
the Crown for the creation of life peerages; and to restrict membership
of the House of Lords by virtue of hereditary peerages.
ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent
Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual
and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled,
and by the authority of the same, as follows:
(1)A peer may retire as a member of the House of
Lords by giving notice in writing to the Clerk of the Parliaments.
(2)The notice must specify a date from which the
retirement is to take effect.
(3)At the beginning of that date the peer ceases
to be a member of the House of Lords.
(4)Retirement may not be rescinded.
(1)A peer who does not attend the House of Lords
during a Session ceases to be a member of the House at the end
of the Session (subject to subsections (2) and (3).
(2)Subsection (1) does not apply
(a) to a peer who has leave of absence in respect
of the Session, in accordance with Standing Orders of the House,
(b)in respect of a Session that is less than six
(3)Subsection (1) is to be taken to apply to a peer
in respect of a Session if, and only if, the Lord Speaker certifies
that the peer
(a)did not attend at any time during the Session,
having regard to attendance records kept by officials of the House,
(b)did not have leave of absence in respect of the
(4)In this section a reference to attendance is a
reference to attending the proceedings of the House (including
proceedings in a Committee of the House or a Joint Committee of
the two Houses).
(5)This section applies in respect of the first Session
beginning after Royal Assent, and later Sessions.
3Conviction of serious offence
(1)A peer who is convicted of a serious offence ceases
to be a member of the House of Lords (subject to subsections (2)
(2)A peer is to be treated as having been convicted
of a serious offence if, and only if, the Lord Speaker certifies
that the peer has been
(a)convicted of a criminal offence by a court in
the United Kingdom or elsewhere, and
(b)sentenced or ordered to be imprisoned or detained
indefinitely or for more than one year.
(3)A certificate takes effect on the day on which
it is issued.
(4)If the Lord Speaker decides that subsection (2)(a)
and (b) no longer apply to a peer by reason of a successful appeal
against or challenge to conviction or sentence
(a)the Lord Speaker must issue a further certificate
to that effect, and
(b)the original certificate under subsection (2)
shall be treated for the purposes of this Act as never having
(5)The Lord Speaker shall not issue a certificate
under subsection (2) in respect of a conviction outside the United
Kingdom if the House of Lords resolves that subsection (1) should
not apply to the conviction by reason of special circumstances.
4 Effect of ceasing to be a member
(1)This section applies where a peer (whether life
or hereditary) ceases to be a member of the House of Lords in
accordance with this Act.
(2)The peer becomes disqualified from attending the
House of Lords (which includes sitting and voting in the House,
and attending proceedings in any Committee of the House or Joint
Committee of the two Houses).
(3)Accordingly, the peer shall not receive a writ
to attend the House (whether under section 1 of the Life Peerages
Act 1958 or by virtue of a hereditary peerage; and a hereditary
peer ceases to be excepted from exclusion under section 2 of the
House of Lords Act 1999); and the peer may not attend the House
in pursuance of a writ already received.
(4)The peer is not, by virtue of being a peer, disqualified
(a)voting at elections to the House of Commons, or
(b)being, or being elected as, a member of that House.
5 Certificate of Lord Speaker
(1)A certificate of the Lord Speaker under this Act
shall be conclusive for all purposes, and shall not be questioned
in a court of law.
(2)A certificate may be issued on the Lord Speaker's
6 Commission to recommend life peerages
(1)There shall be a Commission ("the Commission")
to make recommendations to the Crown for the creation of life
(2)No recommendations for the creation of life peerages
shall be made other than by the Commission.
(3)All recommendations shall be presented to the
Crown by the Prime Minister.
7 Commission membership
(1)The Commission shall consist of nine members.
(2)The members of the Commission, including the Chairman,
shall be nominated jointly by the Speaker of the House of Commons
and the Lord Speaker of the House of Lords.
(3)In making nominations under subsection (2), the
Speaker and the Lord Speaker shall consult such other persons
or bodies as they deem appropriate.
(4)In making nominations, the Speaker and the Lord
Speaker shall have regard to the need to ensure that, in respect
of members affiliated with registered political parties, the Commission
is politically balanced.
(5)At least four of those nominated for membership
shall be independent of any registered political party.
(6)The persons nominated under subsection (5) shall
include the Chairman of the Commission.
(7)At least four of those nominated shall be Privy
(8)No-one shall be nominated under subsection (5)
if at any time in the preceding two years he
(a)has been a member of a registered political party;
(b)has given public support, by way of public speaking
or appearance, to a registered political party; or
(c)has made a financial donation to any registered
(9)No-one shall be nominated who is a Minister of
the Crown or holder of a national office in any registered political
(10)Following nomination by the Speaker and the Lord
Speaker under subsection (2), the members shall be appointed by
(11)Except as provided for in subsection (12), a
member of the Commission shall serve for a non-renewable term
of five years.
(12)On the first occasion that the Commission is
appointed, three members shall be nominated to serve for a term
of four years, three members for a term of five years, and three
(including the Chairman) for six years.
(13)A member of the Commission may be removed by
the Crown on an address by both Houses of Parliament.
(14)A member of the Commission may resign and in
that event, or on the death of a member or on the removal of a
member under subsection (13), the member appointed to replace
the former member shall serve for the remainder of the term of
that former member and may be re-appointed for one further term.
8 Commission to determine rules and procedures
Except as provided for in subsequent sections in
this Part, the Commission shall determine its own rules and procedures.
9 Proposals for new peers
(1)Proposals for new peers may be made to the Commission
(a)any individual other than those listed in paragraphs
(b) and (c) in respect of non-party members ("non-party nominees");
(b)the leader of any registered political party specified
under subsection (2) ("party nominees"); and
(c)the Prime Minister acting as Prime Minister and
not as the leader of a registered political party ("prime
(2)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), the Commission
shall normally consider nominations made by the Leader of a registered
political party that has achieved representation of at least six
seats in the House of Commons at the preceding general election.
10 Nominees to meet specific criteria
(1)Any recommendation made by the Commission for
the conferment of a peerage shall comply with the criteria specified
in this section.
(2)The principal criteria for recommendation for
a peerage shall be
(a)conspicuous merit; and
(b)a willingness and capacity to make a contribution
to the work of the House of Lords.
(3)The Commission may propose additional criteria
as it deems appropriate.
(4)In proposing additional criteria, the Commission
shall have regard to the diversity of the United Kingdom population.
(5)The criteria proposed by the Commission under
subsection (3) shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament
as an order made by statutory instrument by a Minister of the
Crown and subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of
either House of Parliament.
(6)The criteria shall be not varied other than on
a proposal made by the Commission and subject to the procedure
specified in subsection (5).
(7)The Commission may propose criteria that relate
to an individual or, in the case of proposals made under section
9(1)(a) and (b), the criteria that relate to the balance and diversity
that it wishes to achieve.
(8)The Commission may make such enquiry as it considers
appropriate to ensure that any person proposed for a peerage fulfils
the criteria and it shall be a duty on public bodies to co-operate
with any such enquiry.
(1)The Commission may issue guidelines setting out
how it will interpret and apply the criteria established under
(2)The guidelines issued under subsection (1) shall
be laid before both Houses of Parliament as an order made by statutory
instrument by a Minister of the Crown and subject to annulment
in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.
(3)The guidelines, once approved, shall be publicised
by the Commission in such manner as it deems appropriate.
(4)The guidelines shall not be varied other than
by the procedure specified in subsection (2).
12 Certificate to be conclusive
Where the Commission certifies that a person recommended
for a peerage meets the published criteria, its certificate shall
13 Principles to be followed in making recommendations
(1)At least once in each calendar year, the Commission
must publish, with reasons, proposals for the creation of new
peers under section 4(1)(a) and (b), or a proposal that no such
creation should be made.
(2)In determining how many new peerages to recommend,
the Commission shall have regard to the following principles
(a)not less than twenty per cent of the membership
of the House of Lords shall consist of members who are independent
of any registered political party;
(b)no one party, nor a coalition of parties forming
a Government, shall have a majority of members in the House of
(c)the Government of the day (or in the event of
a coalition of parties forming a Government, the largest party
in the coalition) shall be entitled to have a larger number of
members than the official Opposition, but the majority of that
party over the official Opposition shall normally be no greater
than three per cent of the total membership of the House of Lords.
(3)For the purpose of determining its recommendation
under subsection (1), the Commission may consult such persons
or bodies as it deems appropriate.
(4)For the purpose of determining the membership
specified in subsection (2)(a), a person shall be deemed to be
independent of any registered political party if in the two years
prior to his nomination for a peerage he
(a)was not a member of a registered political party;
(b)had not given public support, by way of public
speaking or appearance, to a registered political party; or
(c)had not made a financial donation to any registered
(5)In giving effect to the principle embodied in
subsection (2)(c), the Commission may at its discretion phase
in the requisite number of recommendations over a period of two
sessions following a General Election.
(6)Subject to the principles embodied in subsection
(2), the Commission shall have regard to the need to achieve a
membership not exceeding that of the House of Commons.
(7)The Commission shall seek to achieve the membership
stipulated in section 7(5) within whichever is the longer of eight
years or the course of two full Parliaments.
(8)The members of the House of Lords included for
the purpose of calculating the percentage under subsection (2)(a)
shall not include the Lords Spiritual or the ex officio members
under the terms of the House of Lords Act 1999, but shall include
those Lords of Appeal in Ordinary who have ceased to serve in
14 Party leaders to furnish information to Commission
(1)Where names are submitted to the Commission by
a leader of a registered political party under section 9(1)(b),
the leader shall inform the Commission of the procedure and criteria
adopted by the party for the purposes of selecting the name for
(2)The Commission shall satisfy itself that the procedure
and criteria adopted by a registered political party for the purpose
of making nominations are reasonable and consistent.
(3)Leaders of registered political parties submitting
names to the Commission shall supply such other information as
may be requested by the Commission.
15 Exclusion of hereditary peers
(1)Section 2 of the House of Lords Act 1999 is amended
(2)For subsection (2) substitute
"(2)No more than 92 people shall be excepted
from section 1."
(3)For subsection (4) substitute
"(4)Any vacancy resulting from the death of
an excepted person occurring after the coming into force of the
House of Lords Reform Act 2013 shall not be filled."
(4)Omit subsection (5).
16 Short title, commencement and extent
(1)This Act may be cited as the House of Lord Reform
(2)Parts 1 and 3 of this Act shall come into force
at the end of the period of three months beginning with the day
on which this Act is passed.
(3)The remaining provisions of this Act shall come
into effect on the day on which this Act is passed.
(4)This Act extends to England and Wales, Scotland
and Northern Ireland.