Shifting the goalposts? Defence expenditure and the 2% pledge Contents

Contents

Summary

1 The UK’s commitment to 2%

Background

Defence Expenditure as a Percentage of GDP, 1955–2014

Current UK defence expenditure

The Treasury Reserve

Future defence expenditure

Is the UK expenditure of 2% of GDP sufficient to safeguard UK defence?

2 What constitutes “2% “?

NATO definitions of defence expenditure

SDSR 2015: Breakdown

SDSR 2010: Breakdown

The commitment to a 0.5% annual increase in defence expenditure

Joint Security Fund and Intelligence Services funding

Provision for innovation: science, research and technology

External pressures on the defence budget

Levels of pay

Efficiency savings

3 UK defence expenditure and the 2% minimum

Introduction

European Defence Expenditure as a Percentage of GDP, 2015

The political importance of 2%

4 UK defence: what can we afford?

Introduction

Additional capabilities

Manpower

Conclusions and recommendations

Annex 1: Historical defence expenditure

Defence expenditure as a percentage of GDP, 1955–2014

Defence expenditure as a percentage of GDP listed by year

Annex 2: Comparative governmental expenditure analysis

Introduction

Comparative study of expenditures as a percentage of GDP, 1955–2014

Defence expenditure as a percentage of GDP, 1955–2014

Health (NHS) expenditure as a percentage of GDP, 1955–2014

International Development (Overseas Development Assistance) expenditure as a percentage of GDP, 1955–2014

Welfare expenditure as a percentage of GDP, 1955–2014:

Education expenditure as a percentage of GDP, 1955–2014

Formal Minutes

Witnesses

Published written evidence

List of Reports from the Committee during the current Parliament





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20 April 2016