Communication of state pension age changes Contents

2State pension age policy

5.A series of Pensions Acts since 1995 have increased state pension age:

Annex 1 details the changes to state pension age for women born in the 1950s. In total across the UK, 1.1 million women born between 6 April 1950 and 5 April 1953 had their state pension age increased as a result of the Pensions Act 1995 alone. A further 2.7 million women have had their state pension age increased by both the Pensions Act 1995 and the Pensions Act 2011.16

Fig 1. Increases in the state pension age for women

6.We strongly support state pension age equalisation and increases in the state pension age as life expectancy rises.

8 Equality in State Pension Age, Cm 2420, December 1993 and HL Deb, 24 January 1995, col. 977. There is a misconception that state pension age equalisation was required under European law. In fact, there was a specific derogation for state pensions in Council Directive (EEC) 79/7 on the progressive implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women in matters of social security. Occupational schemes were required to equalise pension ages. It is questionable how long state pension age equalisation could have been resisted in practice. For further detail, see House of Commons Library Research Paper RP 95/47, The Pensions Bill: Social Security Aspects

9 Pensions Act 2007 Explanatory Notes

15 HCWS562, 1 March 2016

© Parliamentary copyright 2015

Prepared 15 March 2016