Aichi Targets: 20 Targets agreed by all 193 Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Aichi Target 11: asks that by 2020, at least 10% of coastal and marine areas are to be conserved through well managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas.
Highly Protected Marine Areas: Marine Protected Areas where no disturbing or damaging activities are allowed to take place.
Marine Conservation Zones: a type of Marine Protected Area that protects a range of nationally important, rare or threatened habitats and species.
Marine Protected Areas: an umbrella term to describe a wide range of protected areas for marine conservation around the world.
Marine Strategy Framework Directive: An EU directive which requires Member States to achieve Good Environmental Status of the Seas by 2020.
OSPAR: an international agreement to achieve a coherent and well managed network of protected areas by 2016.
Ramsar sites: wetlands of international importance designated under the Ramsar Convention.
Sites of Special Scientific Interest: sites designed to protect the best examples of the UK’s plants, animals or geological features.
Special Areas of Conservation: European sites designated to conserve the 189 habitat types and 788 species identified under the Habitats Directive.
Special Protection Areas: European sites classified under the Birds Directive. They are classified for rare and vulnerable birds and for regularly occurring migratory species.