'Political Islam' and the Muslim Brotherhood Review Contents


Terms of Reference


‘Political Islam’ and UK policy

The Muslim Brotherhood Review


Evidence to the inquiry

Geographic scope of the inquiry

Political parties discussed in the inquiry

1 Defining ‘political Islam’

The definition used by the FCO

The FCO’s engagement with ‘political Islam’

The definitions provided by our witnesses

Our definition of ‘political Islam’

2 Democracy and political Islam

Democracy and elections: Winning elections

Democracy and elections: A ‘majoritarian’ understanding?

Democratic culture: sharing power

Democracy and checking power

3 Transparency and political Islam

Transparency of organisation, and internal structures


Membership and funding of the Muslim Brotherhood

National structure of the Muslim Brotherhood

International structure of the Muslim Brotherhood

Transparency of messaging: Arabic and English

Varied messaging

Arabic and English: Contradictory messages

Ambiguity in English

4 The policies of political Islam

Illiberal ideologies

Pragmatic policies

Emphasis on welfare policies

‘Shari’a’ and the constitution

An evolving policy debate

5 Violence and political Islam

Involvement in violence and terrorism

Association with terrorists

The Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas

EnNahda and Jihadist Salafists in Tunisia

‘Conveyor belt’ to extremism

Ambiguities in the Muslim Brotherhood’s rejections of violence

‘Firewall’ against extremism

Victims of violence

6 The Muslim Brotherhood Review


Reactions to the Main Findings

Agreement with the Main Findings

Alleged misrepresentation of the Muslim Brotherhood

Undermining the UK’s image abroad

Perceived pressure from Gulf allies

Conclusions and recommendations

Formal Minutes


Published written evidence

Unpublished written evidence

List of Reports from the Committee during the current Parliament

3 November 2016