The work of the Immigration Directorates (Q4 2015) Contents

1Introduction

1.The Home Office releases immigration statistics on a quarterly basis. The statistics provide an overview of the Home Office’s work on immigration control, entry clearance, asylum and enforcement, and provide a platform for us to assess the performance of the Department, and particularly the UK Visas and Immigration, Immigration Enforcement and Border Force directorates. In line with the timescale for publication of the statistics, we carry out this scrutiny on a quarterly basis. We do so by studying key indicators of performance across quarters as well as over longer periods. Those indicators include:

2.This Report covers Q4 2015 (October–December). The availability of published data for Q4 also allows us to measure performance for the most recent calendar year against previous years. While our quarterly analysis covers a broad range of indicators, in our Reports we also examine specific topics. In this Report we focus on the Government’s response to concerns over fraud at English language test centres.

3.In addition to the release of Home Office immigration statistics, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) publishes a Migration Statistics Quarterly Report. The latest ONS report (published in February 2016) showed that in the year ending September 2015 net long-term international migration (a period of at least a year in a country that is not a person’s usual residence) was 323,000, an increase of 31,000 from the year ending September 2014 and significantly above the Government’s target of reducing immigration to the tens of thousands. As shown in the table below, the net increase was the result of a decrease in emigration and immigration being at a similar level to the previous year.

Table 1: Long-term international migration: United Kingdom (thousands)1

Year ending 09/2014 000s

Year ending 09/2015 000s

Immigration

Emigration

Balance

Immigration

Emigration

Balance

British

81

135

-54

87

127

-40

EU Total

246

87

+158

257

85

+172

EU 15

124

47

+77

130

51

+80

EU 8

76

34

+42

69

27

+42

EU 2

40

5

+35

55

6

+49

Non-EU

289

101

+188

273

82

+191

Total

616

323

+293

617

294

+323

Source: Office for National Statistics, Migration Statistics Quarterly Report, February 2016

Chart 1: Long-term international migration, UK, 2005–2015 (YE September 2015)

Chart showing the immigration and emigration from 2005-2015 and the net values

Source: Office for National Statistics, Migration Statistics Quarterly Report, February 2016


1 EU 2 comprises Bulgaria and Romania, EU 8 comprises the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia, EU 15 comprises Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.




© Parliamentary copyright 2015

27 May 2016