Transforming rehabilitation Contents

Introduction

Probation is the means through which offenders are supervised and their rehabilitation is pursued. In 2012, the Ministry of Justice announced it would deliver a ‘rehabilitation revolution’ by reforming probation services. In June 2014, it split 35 probation trusts into a public sector National Probation Service (NPS) and 21 new community rehabilitation companies (CRCs). The NPS now advises courts on sentencing all offenders and manages those offenders presenting higher risks of serious harm or with prior history of domestic violence and sexual offences. CRCs supervise offenders presenting low- and medium-risk of harm. CRCs were in public ownership until February 2015 when, following an extensive procurement, they transferred to eight, mainly private sector, providers working under contract to the National Offender Management Service. The reforms also extended probation supervision to offenders released from prison sentences of under 12 months, a group with particularly high reoffending rates; and the prison system was reorganised to provide offenders in custody with enhanced resettlement services in preparation for release. Through these reforms the Ministry of Justice and the National Offender Management Service hope to secure economic benefits to society from reduced reoffending that are estimated to be worth more than £12 billion over seven years.





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16 September 2016