Local government is vital to the fabric of communities across the country, providing many of the fundamental services that people rely on every day. In addition, local authorities have an unparalleled understanding of their own local communities and economies. This is why it is so important that they are fully involved in and prepared for the UK leaving the EU. We believe that the period during and after the UK’s withdrawal from the EU presents local authorities with substantial risks, as well as opportunities, and it is therefore imperative that councils are provided with adequate support from central government in terms of funding and guidance to address new burdens and responsibilities as they emerge. In the short term, the extension to Article 50 provides a further opportunity for the Government to ensure that all necessary measures are in place in order for local government to be fully prepared for the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. In the longer term, there is also now a unique opportunity to re-evaluate the distribution of powers between central and local government and determine how greater devolution can be used to obtain the best possible outcomes for people and communities. It is also highly important that, from 2021 when the current EU funding cycle ends, the Government has put in place a clear funding structure to replace the EU funds which the most deprived areas of the UK have come to rely on.
This short report presents ten recommendations for action based on the evidence we have received throughout this inquiry. Five of these refer to priorities that local government representatives have raised with us regarding the immediate and short term impact of Brexit, which we would expect to see addressed before the UK leaves the EU. A further five recommendations refer to important areas to consider after withdrawal, including risks and opportunities that Brexit presents in the longer term which should not be neglected.
(1) The Government must maintain its existing mechanisms for mutual engagement and information-sharing with local government during and immediately after the UK’s withdrawal from the EU, including for the full period of transition and negotiations on a future relationship. Such mechanisms will be vital to a smooth transition at the local level, and will be even more important in a no-deal scenario.
(2) The Government must ensure a comprehensive range of planning, guidance and support is put in place for local authorities in the event of no-deal Brexit, and that all local authorities are fully aware of the steps they would have to take in a no-deal situation.
(3) The Government must take steps to address workforce shortages in the short term, ensuring EU nationals working in the UK are made aware of and encouraged to apply for settled status. MHCLG should monitor key sectors that local government stakeholders have highlighted as at risk of workforce shortages, particularly construction and social care, making representations to the Home Office in favour of immigration schemes with sector-specific workforce shortages criteria, such as that being piloted for agricultural workers.
(4) The Government must use the information-sharing networks it has put in place, such as the EU Exit Local Government Delivery Board and the network of nine local authority chief executives, to determine new burdens on local authorities resulting from the immediate aftermath of Brexit, including in the no-deal scenario, and ensure central government funding provision is provided to ensure all new burdens are funded in full.
(5) The Ministry for Housing, Communities and Local Government must immediately step up its liaison with local authorities that bear responsibility for a major port, and where necessary make representations on their behalf to the Department for Transport and other relevant departments in order to address concerns about the immediate consequences of Brexit. Individual port-councils should not be expected to use their reserves to adequately prepare for the immediate impact of Brexit, and additional central government funding should be provided where necessary to ensure these areas do not carry an unfair burden without adequate support.
(1) The Government must urgently advance its plans for the establishment of the UK Shared Prosperity Fund, and publish the promised consultation on its design and administration within two weeks from 12 April. Funding levels for the new Fund, to be announced at the time of the Autumn 2019 Spending Review, must match or exceed the equivalent levels of EU funding which is currently provided to local government. This cannot be a one size fits all approach and must be allocated on the basis of local need, including taking account of what individual areas currently receive from EU structural funds as well as what they would have been entitled to in the next EU funding period if the UK had remained a member. The funding made available in the UK Shared Prosperity Fund must also be additional to the new funding already provided by the Stronger Towns Fund.
(2) The Government should consider the effect of the loss of European Investment Bank loans at the regional and local level, and consult local representatives in ongoing discussions to determine how infrastructure projects may be appropriately funded in future, providing clarity on such arrangements as soon as possible.
(3) The Government should urgently make clear its plans for the further devolution of powers to local authorities post-Brexit, and publish its proposed new Devolution Framework within one month of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. The Government should include in that framework its plans for devolution in the various areas stakeholders have identified to us as priorities post-Brexit. The most notable of these is skills, but also fiscal devolution; housing; transport and other infrastructure; digital connectivity; health and wellbeing; trade and investment; and productivity. The Government should also assess the potential merits of bringing forward an English Devolution Bill, as proposed by the LGA, in its first Queen’s Speech after the UK has left the EU.
(4) The Government must make clear its plans for the role of local government in the creation of post-Brexit domestic policy. We believe there must be a formal process by which local government can be consulted on policies or legislation that will directly affect it.
(5) The Government must consult with local authorities as it transfers legislation from the EU back to the UK, taking into particular consideration the areas highlighted to the Committee as opportunities for improvement including public procurement, food hygiene, environmental health, trading standards and waste management. The Government must make use of the EU Exit Local Government Delivery Board to ensure close cooperation with local government on repatriated legislation. As part of consultations on the Spending Review 2019 it should also assess the financial impact of this transfer of legislation on local authorities.
Published: 3 April 2019