Missile Misdemeanours: Russia and the INF Treaty Contents

Annex 1: US nuclear forces in Europe

Under NATO’s nuclear sharing arrangements the United States has approximately 150 B61 tactical nuclear gravity bombs deployed in European bases. Warheads are stored and maintained by US Air Force personnel. The B61 can be delivered either by US aircraft or from dual-capable aircraft (DCA) belonging to the hosting state—usually F-15, F-16 or Tornados. Five NATO Allies currently participate in nuclear sharing:

Sources: Kristensen, H M &. Norris, R S, ‘United States nuclear forces, 2018’, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 74:2 (2018), 120–131; Street, T, NATO Nuclear Sharing, Oxford Research Group, June 2018

Published: 4 April 2019