Fixing fashion: clothing consumption and sustainability


Terms of reference


1 Introduction - fashion & sustainability

Fashion industry

Fast fashion

Sustainability of the industry

Interim report - retailer engagement

Growth of the industry

The sustainability challenge

UK commitments on sustainability

Consumption levels

Our report

2 The social cost of our clothes

Social impact of garment production

Union representation Vs Corporate Social Responsibility

Cheap clothing

Reshoring production

Labour exploitation in UK garment factories

National Minimum Wage

Labour Market Enforcement

Enforcing labour market law in UK garment factories

Forced labour in fashion supply chains


Modern Slavery Act

Due diligence law

3 Fashion’s environmental price tag

Environmental impact

Energy and climate

Water consumption

Land use

Natural Vs Synthetic Fibres

Natural fibres

Synthetic fibres

Recycled fibres

Microfibre shedding

Reducing microfibre shedding

Measuring impact

Sustainable Clothing Action Plan life cycle waste targets

4 Textile waste and collection


Craft education

Reusing second hand clothes and upcycling

Pre-consumer waste

Textile collection

Stock burning

Take-back schemes

Extended Producer Responsibility for textiles

5 New economic models for the fashion industry

Levelling the playing field

Encouraging change

Sharing economy

6 Background & acknowledgements


Conclusions and recommendations

Annex 1: Table of retailers’ responses

Appendix: Research by Dr Mark Sumner, School of Design, University of Leeds

Formal minutes


Published written evidence

List of Reports from the Committee during the current Parliament

Published: 19 February 2019