China and the Rules-Based International System Contents



1 Introduction

2 China’s new ambition

China in the world

China’s global role under Xi Jinping

China’s attitude towards the rules-based international system

Domestic developments

The Communist Party of China: strengthened control

Economic growth and challenges

The relationship between China’s domestic and external affairs

3 China’s strategic outlook

The Belt and Road Initiative

The South China Sea

UK presence in the “Indo-Pacific”


4 China’s approach to global governance

Global trade and the WTO

International human rights mechanisms

Cooperation in multilateral fora

5 Hong Kong

The standing and importance of the Joint Declaration

Hong Kong’s autonomy

China’s central government and Hong Kong’s rule of law

Hong Kong independence activists and the SAR’s response

6 Engagement and interference

Cyber security and critical national infrastructure

Detention diplomacy


7 The making of UK strategy towards China

“Dealing with” China

The tone and structure of UK policy towards China

Conclusions and recommendations

Formal minutes


Published written evidence

List of Reports from the Committee during the current Parliament

Published: 4 April 2019