Brexit, science and innovation Contents

Annex B: Main EU agencies related to science and technology

Table 1: Main EU agencies related to science and technology

Agency

Role

Arrangements for third countries

Jurisdiction or complaints mechanism

European Medicines Agency (EMA)

Provides market authorisation for medicines and medical devices

No provisions for third party participation, but representatives of international organisations can participate

CJEU

European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)

Provides market authorisation for chemicals and products containing chemicals

Third countries can be invited to participate

Board of Appeal and CJEU

European Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)

Manages the EU trademark and registered Community design; also works with IP offices of the EU Member States and international partners to standardise registration for trademarks and designs globally

Third countries can be observers and co-operate, but cannot become members

European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF); Board of Appeal and CJEU jurisdiction

Euratom Supply Agency (ESA)

Concludes supply contracts for nuclear materials for civil nuclear energy, and monitors medical radioisotope markets

No provision for third country participation

CJEU

European Research Council Executive Agency (ERCEA)

Implements European Research Council strategy and awards some Horizon 2020 grants

Representatives “should collectively reflect the full breadth of the research community across Europe”, but no clear ban on non-Member states

n/a

Research Executive Agency

Manages and awards some Horizon 2020 grants

No provision for third country membership

Under a Memorandum of Understanding between the Research Executive Agency and various Commission DGs: Commission, OLAF, CJEU

European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)

Brings together higher education institutions, research labs and businesses to develop new products and start new companies

Third countries can participate, subject to agreement with EU in relevant areas

OLAF; Court of Auditors; CJEU

Innovation and Networks Executive Agency

Provides expertise and programme management to infrastructure, research and innovation projects in the fields of transport, energy and telecommunications

No provision for 3rd country membership

n/a

European Environment Agency (EEA)

Provides independent information on the environment to policymakers and the public

No provision for 3rd party involvement

CJEU

Office of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC)

Develops guidelines and advises national regulatory authorities and the European Commission on telecommunications regulations

Observer status granted for EEA states and candidate accession states

CJEU

Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER)

Complements and coordinates work of national energy regulators at EU level, and works towards the completion of the Internal Energy Market

Third countries can participate, subject to agreement with EU in relevant areas

Board of Appeal and CJEU

European Global Navigation Satellite Systems Agency (GSA)

Oversees Galileo satellite services provision

Third countries can participate

CJEU

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

Gathers, analyses and disseminates data on over 50 communicable diseases and conditions

Third countries can participate, subject to equivalent regulations

CJEU

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)

Collects, analyses and disseminates evidence-based information on drugs and drug addiction

EMCDDA co-operates with candidate and potential candidate countries to the EU

CJEU

Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI)

Brings together universities, the pharmaceutical industry, SMEs, patient organisations and regulators to accelerate development of, and access to, new treatments

Countries associated to Horizon 2020 represented on States Representatives Group

CJEU

European Union Satellite Centre (EU SatCen)

Provides geospatial intelligence products and services, primarily through the analysis of data from Earth

observation satellites

Third countries can co-operate

CJEU

European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA)

EU cybersecurity agency setting standards, providing analysis and advice, and co-ordinating preparation exercises

Third countries can participate, subject to equivalent regulations

CJEU

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)

Produces scientific advice on food safety, nutrition, and animal and plant health, to form the basis for EU policies and legislation

Third countries can participate, subject to equivalent regulations

CJEU

Community Plant Variety Office

Provides intellectual property rights for breeders of new plant varieties, and provides policy guidance and assistance in the exercise of these rights

Observer states can be invited

Board of Appeal and CJEU

European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy (F4E)

Provides Europe’s contribution to ITER, an international research effort for nuclear fusion

Third countries can participate, subject to co-operation agreement with Euratom

Commission, Court of Auditors and OLAF; arbitration tribunal; CJEU

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU)

Public-private partnership between European Commission and industry to accelerate introduction of fuel cell and hydrogen technologies

Partnership is between European Commission and research and industry bodies

CJEU

Clean Sky Joint Undertaking

Public-private partnership between European Commission and industry to reduce environmental impact of aviation

Membership open only to legal entities established in the EU or countries associated to Horizon 2020

CJEU

Sources: Agency websites; European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, EU agencies working for you (2015); EU agencies and post-Brexit options, Briefing Paper 7597, House of Commons Library, 2017. CJEU = Court of Justice of the European Union, OLAF = European Anti-Fraud Office





Published: 21 March 2018