Prison Governance Contents


Terms of reference



Purpose of the inquiry

How the inquiry was carried out

1 An enduring crisis in our prisons and the need for leadership

The state of our prison system

Safety in Prisons

The condition of prisons and overcrowding

Increasingly complex prisoners and the need to focus on rehabilitation

The Government’s strategy for addressing the challenges facing the prison system

The 2016 White Paper

The Ministry’s Single Departmental Plan

The development of specific strategies since the 2016 White Paper

Challenges in developing strategy

The need for an overarching long-term strategy

The Government’s recent announcements on prisons

The importance of leadership

The need for a sustainable funding settlement for prisons

2 The role of the governor

Governor empowerment agenda

The accountability structures that governors work within

The need for teamwork and collaboration

The condition of the prison estate and the role of the governor

Facilities management contracts

Governor autonomy in relation to capital expenditure


Training and development

Recruitment and retention

The effect of high turnover of governors

Incentives to help with retention

Prison Officers

Representation of Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic individuals in leadership positions

3 Commissioning services in prisons

Healthcare in prisons

The role of the governor in the provision of healthcare

Healthcare and the wider regime

Education in prisons

The Prison Education Framework

Dynamic Purchasing System

Education within the prison setting

Healthcare and education in Welsh prisons

4 The role of HMPPS and the Ministry of Justice

The relationship between HMPPS and the Ministry

The role of the Prisons Minister

The 10 prisons project

Oversight arrangements within HMPPS

Performance monitoring

Performance Management

Sharing good practice

Oversight of private prisons

Contract management regime

Performance measurement for private prisons

The Prison Operator Framework

5 Oversight of the prison system

HM Inspectorate of Prisons

Implementation of HMIP recommendations

Inspector or regulator?

Independent Monitoring Boards

The Prisons and Probation Ombudsman and the National Preventative Mechanism

Conclusions and recommendations

Annex 1: note of informal meeting with governors, 5 June 2019

Appendix 1: Performance measures used by HMPPS

Formal minutes


Published written evidence

List of Reports from the Committee during the current Parliament

Published: 31 October 2019