Domestic Abuse Bill

Written evidence submitted by Mumsnet (DAB80)

About Mumsnet

Mumsnet is the UK’s largest network for parents, with around 10 million* unique visitors per month clocking up around 100 million page views. It has a network of over 10,000 influencers and its Mumsnet Jobs site, focused on flexible working opportunities, has nearly 30k monthly users. It regularly campaigns on issues including support for families of children with special educational needs, improvements in postnatal and miscarriage care, and freedom of speech on the internet. *Source: Google Analytics


We are writing in support of the amendments NC4 -NC11 with evidence of support from Mumsnet users, some of whom have personal experience of violence or of rough sex defences .

1. Mumsnet users strongly support the campaign to add amendments NC4-NC11 to the Bill. In a recent onsite poll, 97% of users who took part supported this measure.

2. Around nine out of ten Mumsnet users are women (Google Analytics data). Since the beginning of March 2020 alone, discussion threads specifically about domestic or sexual violence have received 1500 separate posts.

3. A discussion thread from November 2019 asking for women’s experiences of ‘choking and other unbidden violence and abuse of women in sex’. Out of 79 posts, 13 were accounts of non-consensual choking and violence during sex. A selection of comments from that discussion thread:

At 17 I had someone try this. I kicked them off me and told them to sling their hook. But it wasn't discussed before and they seemed shocked I said no. Absolutely god awful experience.

I didn’t consent but my ex-husband would do it anyway.

I had a one night stand and he choked me and held me so hard I had red marks all over my neck. It just happened so fast, I was drinking, couldn't react. In work I had to wear my blouse buttoned all the way up and wear a
neck tie for 2 weeks, in summer. I hated it, felt ashamed.

With two separate men I have experienced having my head forced so I was forced to swallow, and have been slapped violently and completely unexpectedly across the face. With the first guy I was covered in bruises for a week after how rough he was. Another guy who was being rough I told him to stop what he was doing but he
said 'you want it'.

4. In a recent discussion of the proposed amendments, one user who has worked as an A&E nurse wrote the following:

It's actually very difficult to kill somebody, it's not easy. I've worked in A&E as a nurse in the past and it involves severe trauma, stabbing, hanging, drowning, banging a head against a brick wall repeatedly for some time, suffocating with a bag over the head which would involve panic and fighting back so lots of bruising and probably scratch marks on the perpetrator. Rough sex alone is not going to kill somebody - it would take concerted effort of beating, strangling, holding underwater etc. I just cannot see how anybody gets off with this as an excuse.

Another said:

As a survivor of domestic abuse it strikes me that some of the women who agree to rough sex have probably been coerced or groomed into participating. My ex was grooming me for anal sex which I had always been against but he was very subtle and clever in his grooming. Luckily I left before I submitted. If these women are in a coercive relationship then there is more going on here and the defence of rough sex is therefore even more worrying.

12 June 2020


Prepared 16th June 2020