The forgotten: how White working-class pupils have been let down, and how to change it



1 Introduction

Our inquiry

Definitions and clarifications

Disadvantage and ‘working-class’

White British

White Privilege


2 The extent of the achievement gap for disadvantaged White pupils

Ethnic majority: number of pupils affected

Key metrics

Longevity of the issue and lack of progress

The impact of covid-

3 The influence of place

The nature of geographic inequalities in education and outcomes

The London effect

Levelling up for the White working class

Are free schools reaching ‘challenged White communities’?

4 Supporting White working-class children and families: from cradle to career

Supporting the early years sector

What are Family Hubs?

Family Hubs: supporting disadvantaged White families in the early years

Family hubs: providing cradle to career support

Breaking cycles of disengagement with education for disadvantaged White adults

5 The school system

Teacher training and recruitment

School funding

6 Destinations for disadvantaged White pupils

Apprenticeships and skills: parity of esteem for vocational and technical education

Apprenticeships and reform to the levy

Careers education

Access to and participation in higher education

Conclusions and recommendations

Formal minutes


Published written evidence

List of Reports from the Committee during the current Parliament

Published: 22 June 2021 Site information    Accessibility statement