The Macpherson Report: Twenty-two years on

Contents

Summary

1 Introduction

Background to the inquiry

Aims and recommendations of the Macpherson report

Home Affairs Select Committee 2009 Inquiry

Twenty-two years on inquiry

Terminology used to describe ethnic categories

George Floyd, and Black Lives Matter

Structure of the report

2 Confidence in policing among BME communities

Confidence in policing among BME communities

Force-level confidence data

Relations between young BME people and the police

3 Racist incidents and victims of crime

The Macpherson report’s findings and conclusions

Reporting and recording of racist incidents since the Macpherson report

Crime Survey

Police-recorded crime

Online hate crime

Victims of racist crimes

Assessment of police response to racist crimes

Investigation of crimes and victim support

BME victims of crime

4 Recruitment and progression of BME officers and staff

Measuring progress: ethnic diversity of the police workforce

Achievement against representation targets set in

New recruitment

Barriers to recruitment

BME representation in the wider police workforce

Progression and retention

Barriers to progress

Disproportionality in resignations, conduct hearings and dismissals

Workplace culture

Routes to improving ethnic diversity in the police service

The Equality Act 2010 and the Public Sector Equality Duty

Positive action

Police force measures to increase BME recruitment and use of the Equality Act

Limitations of the law

Tie breaker provision

Positive discrimination

5 Police misconduct and discipline

Police officer voluntary resignations and dismissals

The police discipline system

MOPAC 2016 report

NPCC review on ethnic disparity in police misconduct

6 Stop and search

Macpherson report: stop and search overview

Stop and search: statutory powers

Use of stop and search powers in England and Wales and historical comparison

Disproportionality in stop and search

Disproportionality in ‘reasonable grounds’ (Section 1 and 23) searches

Disproportionality in ‘No suspicion’ (Section 60) searches

Disproportionality in road traffic stops (section 163 of the Road Traffic Act 1988)

Explaining racial disparities in stop and search

The effectiveness and impact of stop and search

Arrests following stop and search

The impact of stop and search on crime levels

The impact of stop and search on communities

Metropolitan police use of stop and search during the first national lockdown

Reforms to stop and search

Home Office reforms (2014–2019)

National policing measures to improve stop and search

Initiatives to build community oversight and confidence

Use of force

Handcuffing during stop and search

Tasers

Disproportionality in the use of force

Recording and monitoring use of force

7 Use of police technologies and tools

The Metropolitan Police Service Gangs Violence Matrix

Effectiveness of the Gangs Violence Matrix

Disproportionality on the Gangs Violence Matrix

Reforms to the Gangs Violence Matrix

Police body worn cameras

Live Facial Recognition Technology

Policing the covid-19 regulations

8 Racism and the police twenty-two years on

Response to Macpherson and action on racism since

Race equality in policing today

The response of UK policing to the death of George Floyd and the Black Lives Matter movement

Approaches to tackling racism and promoting race equality

Individual prejudice and unconscious bias

Training

Racism in structures, culture and policies

The concept of institutional racism and the Macpherson report

Race equality in public sector institutions and the Public Sector Equality Duty

Contemporary analysis of racial inequality within public institutions, policies and structures

The Lammy Review

The Wendy Williams Review

Sewell report

9 Delivery and Accountability

Delivery of the Macpherson recommendations

Monitoring progress today

Police accountability and institutional responsibilities for delivering change

The role of Chief Constables and Police and Crime Commissioners

The National Police Chiefs’ Council (NPCC)

The College of Policing

The Independent Office for Police Conduct

HMICFRS

Holding forces to account for failings

The role of the Home Office

Annex: Supplementary data

Conclusions and recommendations

Formal minutes

Witnesses

Published written evidence

List of Reports from the Committee during the current Parliament




Published: 30 July 2021 Site information    Accessibility statement