In the spring of 2018, the Department acknowledged serious shortcomings in its treatment of the Windrush generation, who had suffered harm due to the Department’s ‘hostile environment’ policies. These policies required members of the Windrush generation to demonstrate their lawful immigration status to access key public services, housing and jobs. Some struggled to do this even though they were living in the UK legally. The Department acknowledged it had treated the Windrush generation unfairly and announced a set of measures to “right the wrongs” experienced by those affected. One of those measures was the Windrush Compensation Scheme. The Department launched the scheme in April 2019 with the aim of compensating members of the Windrush generation and their families for the losses and impacts they have suffered as a result of not being able to demonstrate their lawful immigration status.