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House of Lords
House of Commons
Session 2002-03
House of Lords Publications on the internet
House of Commons Publications on the internet
Joint Committee on House of Lords Reform Publications

Joint Committee on House of Lords Reform - First Report

Here you can browse the report which was ordered by the House of Lords and the House of Commons to be printed 9 December 2002.


CONTENTS


Terms of Reference

FIRST REPORT

SUMMARY

Background

Place of the second chamber in Parliament

Powers of the second chamber

The nature of a reformed second chamber

Composition of a reformed second chamber

The options

The next stage

PART 1: INTRODUCTION

The opportunity

Background

Structure of Report

PART 2: ROLES, CONVENTIONS, FUNCTIONS AND POWERS

Role in relation to the Commons

The Existing Conventions

Other Roles

Constitutional long stop

Role in relation to the public: a new legitimacy

Role in relation to the regions and nations: representing the United Kingdom

Functions

Legislative functions

Pre-legislative scrutiny

Secondary legislation

Scrutiny of policy

Judicial function

Powers

Parliament Acts

PART 3: WHAT SORT OF MEMBERSHIP?

Legitimacy

Representativeness

No domination by any one party

Independence

The independent members

Independence among party members

Implications for a reformed House of Lords

Expertise

Conclusion

PART 4: WHAT SORT OF COMPOSITION?

Number of members

Tenure

Appointment and election

An appointments commission

Methods of election

Transitional arrangements

Other matters

Law lords and bishops

Financial consequences

The name of the House and its link with the peerage

PART 5: THE OPTIONS

Option 1 * A fully appointed House  

Option 2 * A fully elected House

Option 3 * 80 per cent appointed/20 per cent elected

Option 4 * 80 per cent elected/20 per cent appointed

Option 5 - 60 per cent appointed/40 per cent elected

Option 6 * 60 per cent elected/40 per cent appointed

Option 7 * 50 per cent elected/50 per cent appointed

Independent members and the appointment process

How shall the Houses decide?

SUMMARY OF CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

APPENDIX 1: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Balances in the Constitution

Parliament Act 1911

Further Attempts at Reform: 1917-1918

Conference of 1948 and Parliament Act 1949

Life Peerages Act 1958 and Peerage Act 1963

Crossman Reform 1968

House of Lords Act 1999

APPENDIX 2: ANALYSIS OF THE COMPOSITION OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS AT 9 DECEMBER 2002

By Party Strength  

By Type

APPENDIX 3: MEMORANDUM FROM THE PRESIDING OFFICERS OF THE DEVOLVED ASSEMBLIES

PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMMITTEE RELATING TO THE REPORT SESSION 2001-02



 
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Prepared 11 December 2002