The right to family life: children whose mothers are in prison Contents



Data Collection


Support for children whose mothers go to prison

Pregnancy and maternity

1 Introduction

The impact of sending mothers to prison


During the sentence


The human rights framework

Our inquiry

Scope of our inquiry

2 Policy context

The Farmer Review and Farmer Review for Women

The Female Offender Strategy

Women’s Policy Framework

3 Data

Available information

Information on pregnancy and births in prison

Data collection



4 Sentencing

Women in prison

Case law

The current framework for sentencing mothers

Pre-Sentence reports

Views of Children

Welfare of the child

5 Support

Entering custody

Care arrangements

The role of children’s services

Information sharing


Support for kinship carers

Contact between children and mothers during a prison sentence

Visits and phone calls as a privilege

6 Pregnancy and maternity

Experiences of pregnancy and maternity in prison

Births in prison

Mother and Baby Units

7 Conclusion

Conclusions and recommendations

Annex: Women’s prisons in the UK - 2019

Declaration of Interests

Formal minutes


Published written evidence

List of Reports from the Committee during the current Parliament

Published: 9 September 2019