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The Earl of Lindsey and Abingdon asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Lord Chancellor (Lord Mackay of Clashfern): There is nothing to prohibit any individual from describing himself as a peer of the realm, for any purpose not unlawful. However, the expression is properly applied to the holder of a peerage, whether of England, Scotland, Great Britain or the United

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Kingdom, in which case the holder is entitled to sit in the House of Lords, or of Ireland, in which case he has no such right. A peerage may be disclaimed for life but may not be alienated.


Lord Harris of Greenwich asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How many crimes were recorded by each police force in England and Wales within each category of crime in the year ending 30 September 1994.

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Blatch): This information is not yet available. The next statistics to be published will be for the calendar year 1994 and will be available in the Spring of 1995.


Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What progress has been made in improving liaison and co-operation between police and law-enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom and in Asia, concerning sexual exploitation of children; and whether liaison officers will be placed in tourist-receiving countries.

Baroness Blatch: Her Majesty's Government supports fully the work of the Paedophile Unit which is based with the National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS) in London. The unit is developing its national intelligence co-ordinating role with United Kingdom police forces. Representatives from NCIS and the Home Office are developing international co-operation within the framework of Interpol. There are no current plans to place liaison officers in tourist-receiving countries to deal exclusively with the problem, but the experiences of those countries who have appointed liaison officers are being examined.


Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What progress has been made by the Home Office in monitoring prosecutions by other countries of their nationals who have committed sexual offences against children extra-territorially.

Baroness Blatch: The most recent information available about countries known to have adopted extra-territorial jurisdiction over sexual offences against children indicates that prosecutions have been brought in Germany, Norway and Sweden against citizens of those countries. In only one case (in Norway) is a prosecution so far known to have been successful. We continue to keep the position under review.


Lord Hooson asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is the proportion of police officers to residents for: (i) England and Wales; (ii) Wales; (iii)

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    the North Wales police force area; and (iv) the Dyfed-Powys police force area.

Baroness Blatch: The information requested can be found in the appendix to the annual report of Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Constabulary for 1993, a copy of which is in the Library.


Lord Hooson asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether, and if so, how the cost of sparsity is recognised as one of the criteria in the new formula produced by the Home Office working group for the new standard spending assessments of police forces; and whether in this respect the criteria reflect the differences between police forces in urban and rural areas.

Baroness Blatch: The Allocation Formula Working Group chaired by the Home Office was unable to find a statistically valid method to assess the relative cost of operating in sparsely populated areas. Sufficient police activity data was not available to the working group to enable such necessary assessments as the costs of travelling large distances in rural areas by vehicle at higher average speeds compared with the costs of travelling small distances in urban areas on foot or in vehicles at low average speeds. It is planned to return to this issue in work on the funding formula for 1996–97.


Lord Lester of Herne Hill asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Further to their Answer of 7 December 1994 (H.L. col. WA89), whether they will make their Fourth Periodic Report to the Human Rights Committee under Article 40 to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights more widely available to members of the public by placing it in all public libraries and by informing non-governmental organisations, the editors of national and regional newspapers, and the editors of legal periodicals, that the report can be obtained without charge from the Home Office publications unit.

Baroness Blatch: No; the steps we have already taken to make the report freely available are, we believe, sufficient and proportionate. On 8 October, the day following the submission of the report to the United Nations, we sent copies of it to those non-governmental organisations with a particular, established interest in the report; a number of newspaper editors have already requested, and been sent, copies; and, as I explained in my reply on 7 December to an earlier Question from the noble Lord, the report is freely available from the Home Office publications unit, and in the British Library and the other legal deposit libraries.

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Lord Finsberg asked Her Majesty's Government:

    When they expect to make a decision on wheel clamping following the period of consultation, and whether they will also announce what the deadline was for the receipt of comments and how many comments were received.

Baroness Blatch: A total of 184 responses were received before the consultation period ended on 31 May 1993. These produced much useful information but no consensus on how best to deal with the excesses associated with the activities of irresponsible clampers. In considering what, if any, action to take our aim is to ensure that any measure introduced to prevent or deter irresponsible or heavy-handed wheel clamping on private land does not prevent sensible measures being taken to control genuine parking problems. We will make an announcement as soon as possible.


Lord Finsberg asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How many pedal cyclists have been prosecuted in the years 1990, 1991, 1992 and 1993 for each of the offences of riding without lights; going through red traffic lights; riding on the pavement; and riding the wrong way down one-way streets.

Baroness Blatch: Information for 1990 to 1993 is given in the table below.

Number of defendants prosecuted for offences connected with pedal cycles, 1990 to 1993
England and Wales

Offence description 1990 1991 1992 1993
Riding to common danger 7 7 5 11
Being towed 2 3 3 6
Neglect of traffic direction 182 150 138 204
More than one person carried 58 35 34 18
Riding on footpath 483 333 313 291
In relation to pedestrian crossings 11 9 11 4
Failing to obey signal 53 48 29 19
Failing to comply with brake regulations 96 69 42 20
Reckless and dangerous driving by a pedal cyclist 26 17 30 45
Careless driving by a pedal cyclist 67 89 77 89
Driving under the influence of drink and drug by a pedal cyclist 211 191 108 105
Taking part in unauthorised cycle race 1 3 1
Promoting unauthorised cycle race 1 1
Road Traffic Regulations Act 1984 Sec 17(4) 42 18 31 15
Highways Act 1980 Sec 137(10) 8 5 4 1
Take or ride a pedal cycle without consent 312 288 270 185
Lighting and reflector offences 1,578 950 547 349
Other offences relating to pedal cycles 17 12 16 8
All offences 3,155 2,228 1,659 1,570


The offence of 'failing to comply with traffic light signals (including going through red lights)' may be recorded under 'Neglect of traffic directions', 'Failing to obey signal' or 'Other Offences'.

The offence of riding the wrong way down a one way street may be recorded under 'Neglect of traffic directions' or 'Other Offences'.

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Baroness Faithfull asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How many juveniles were cautioned or found guilty of an offence in each of the last four years in Oxfordshire, Dorset and Leicestershire respectively.

Baroness Blatch: Information for the years 1990 to 1993 is given in the table below. Data for 1994 will not be available until the autumn 1995.

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Number of juveniles aged 10 to under 18 cautioned and convicted of all offences by type of offence and police force area 1990 to 1993

Year/type of offence Disposal Dorset Leicestershire Thames Valley(1) England and Wales
Indictable Caution 734 1,778 3,112 96,620
Conviction 445 673 1,332 46,117
Total Known offenders 1,179 2,451 4,444 142,737
Summary non-motoring Caution 140 523 941 30,515
Conviction 212 387 583 21,696
Total Known offenders 352 910 1,524 52,211
Summary motoring(1) Conviction 316 308 589 16,564
Total Known offenders 316 308 589 16,564
All offences Caution 874 2,301 4,053 127,135
Conviction 973 1,368 2,504 84,377
Total Known offenders 1,847 3,669 6,557 211,512
Indictable Caution 788 1,986 3,515 95,533
Conviction 373 546 1,111 42,019
Total Known offenders 1,161 2,532 4,626 137,552
Summary non-motoring Caution 203 625 851 27,076
Conviction 125 310 430 17,918
Total Known offenders 328 935 1,281 44,994
Summary motoring(1) Conviction 172 314 451 13,869
Total Known offenders 172 314 451 13,869
All offences Caution 991 2,611 4,366 122,609
Conviction 670 1,170 1,992 73,806
Total Known offenders 1,661 3,781 6,358 196,415
Indictable Caution 920 2,124 3,714 105,623
Conviction 245 537 1,028 38,024
Total Known offenders 1,165 2,661 4,742 143,647
Summary non-motoring Caution 256 507 865 28,069
Conviction 61 247 429 14,406
Total Known offenders 317 754 1,294 42,475
Summary motoring(1) Conviction 108 192 358 10,801
Total Known offenders 108 192 358 10,801
All offences Caution 1,176 2,631 4,579 133,692
Conviction 414 976 1,815 63,231
Total Known offenders 1,590 3,607 6,394 196,923
Indictable Caution 962 1,865 2,971 94,063
Conviction 161 579 1,070 35,462
Total Known offenders 1,123 2,444 4,041 129,525
Summary non-motoring Caution 251 646 742 27,519
Conviction 49 176 331 10,966
Total Known offenders 300 822 1,073 38,485
Summary motoring(1) Conviction 51 132 275 8,928
Total Known offenders 51 132 275 8,928
All offences Caution 1,213 2,511 3,713 121,582
Conviction 261 887 1,676 55,356
Total Known offenders 1,474 3,398 5,389 176,938

(1) Thames Valley Police Force Area covers the Counties of Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire.

(1) Offenders found guilty only; motoring offences may attract written warnings.

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