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Lord Avebury asked Her Majesty's Government:

Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Our representative raised the issue of Russia's actions in relation to the Code of Conduct at a meeting of the Permanent Council of the OSCE in Vienna on 12 January. We will continue to remind Russia of the need to comply with all OSCE principles and commitments.

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Lord Avebury asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What information they have about the reported arrest, detention and torture of successful candidates, their agents and known supporters in the local elections held in Atbara, Sudan, in the week beginning 12th December 1994, and the arrest for political reasons of others in Juba in the first week of December 1994; and whether, in view of the Sudan government's refusal to allow the United Nations Rapporteur, Dr Gaspar Biro, to enter the country, they will suggest that an investigation of these reports be conducted by a non-governmental organisation acceptable to Khartoum.

Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Her Majesty's Embassy in Khartoum have received reports of unrest last October in Atbara and the arrest of civil servants in Juba. The human rights situation in Sudan, and Dr Biro's mandate, will be raised at the 51st session of the UN Commission on Human Rights which begins on 30 January.


Earl Russell asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How many lawyers qualified in (a) English law, (b) Scots law, (c) European law are employed by the Department of Employment and at what grades.

Lord Inglewood: The staff of the Employment Department's Legal Adviser's Office are members of the Treasury Solicitor's Department. The office has 14 lawyers (1 at Grade 3, 4 at Grade 5, 5 at Grade 6 and 4 at Grade 7). They are all qualified in England and Wales as barristers or solicitors; they do not have formal qualifications in Scots or European law. The department also has a solicitor in Scotland, who is a partner in a firm of Scottish solicitors.


Lord Monkswell asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is their estimate of the amount of fuel that would have been used by cars transported by Motorail in 1994 if journeys had been made by road rather than rail.

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Transport (Viscount Goschen): The total number of cars carried by Motorail in 1994 was in the region of 17,500. A number of factors would need to be taken into account in assessing the amount of fuel the cars might have used if they had travelled by road. These include length of journeys, route used, type of fuel, size of engine, and speed of travel. Information on those factors is not available.

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Lord Monkswell asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What amount of fuel was used to haul Motorail services in 1994.

Viscount Goschen: Motorail services, many of which share locomotives with sleeper services, are hauled by a mixture of electric and diesel locomotives during the course of their journeys. Consequently it is not possible to identify separate fuel costs for Motorail services.


Lord Monkswell asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is their estimate of the total number of staff employed at the headquarters of non-departmental public bodies and joint boards with responsibilities for the former Greater London Council area; and whether they will list their employing authority or authorities.

The Minister of State, Department of the Environment (Viscount Ullswater): 1. Certain Non-Departmental Public Bodies inherited roles from the Greater London Council. These were the London Residuary Body (LRB) and the London Pensions Fund Authority (LPFA). The LRB, which has been running down for some time, has no employees currently. The LPFA currently employs 79 staff. Both the LRB and LPFA are sponsored by the Department of the Environment.

2. There are also a number of local authority-run joint boards and committees undertaking roles which were previously the remit of the GLC. The bodies with a pan-London responsibility include the following:—

    London Fire and Civil Defence Authority

    London Waste Regulation Authority

    London Planning Advisory Committee

    London Boroughs Grants Unit

    London Research Centre

    London Boroughs Transport Committee/
Lorry Ban (voluntary committee)

    London Committee on Accessible Transport

Some other bodies and committees undertake ex-GLC roles in part of the Greater London area, including:—

    London Housing Unit

    Docklands Consultative Committee

    London River Authority

    Croydon, Bexley, Bromley Panel of Guardians

    Havering, Barking, Dagenham Panel of Guardians

    Sutton, Kingston, Merton, Richmond Panel of Guardians

    South London Lorry Ban Committee

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    East, North, West London and Western Riverside Waste Authorities

3. The local authority joint boards and committees are not responsible to central government and the Government have no records of their staff numbers.


Lord Brougham and Vaux asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What steps they propose to take to promote further improvement in air quality.

Viscount Ullswater: My right honourable friend the Secretary of State for the Environment will be publishing a wide-ranging statement of the Government's strategic policies for improving air quality at 9.00 am tomorrow, when copies will be placed in the Printed Paper Office and the Libraries of the House.


Lord Brougham and Vaux asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What was the outcome of the Environmental Council on 15 and 16 December 1994.

Viscount Ullswater: My right honourable friends the Secretary of State for the Environment and the Minster for the Environment and Countryside attended the Environment Council in Brussels on 15 and 16 December. The Council reached a Common Position on the directive PCBs in a form acceptable to the UK. The Council decided by a qualified majority on a list of hazardous waste as required by Directive 91/689. The UK and Italy voted against because the list contains wastes which, under certain circumstances, are not hazardous, and is thereby contrary to the directive.

Council conclusions were agreed on a Community Strategy to reduce CO2 emissions which, inter alia, reflected the view reached at the European summit at Essen on the possibility of an optional carbon/energy tax. Council conclusions were also agreed on the preparation of an EU position for the first Conference of the Parties to the framework Convention on Climate Change.

During the discussion of the Commission's annual report on the implementation of Community law, my right honourable friend the Minister for the Environment and Countryside emphasised the need to consider the effectiveness of existing Community legislation in the real world and suggested that there should be an assessment of each piece of environmental legislation to see how successful it had been in meeting its objectives.

There were helpful discussions to prepare the EU position for the next meeting of the Commission for Sustainable Development and on the draft biocides directive. Council Conclusions were also agreed on Transport and the Environment following a useful debate during which my right honourable friend

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highlighted the very positive measures which the UK Government has already taken in this area.


Baroness Faithfull asked Her Majesty's Government:

    In the light of successful treatment of sexual offenders, when the Home Secretary will give a considered reply to his verbal agreement of 4 May 1994 to consider the treatment of family men convicted of sexually abusing children to prevent further offences.

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Blatch): We have the application for grant support from the Faithfull Foundation, together with a number of other applications, under careful consideration. We will, of course, make decisions on all the applications at the earliest opportunity, but this is not likely to be for some weeks yet.


Baroness Faithfull asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How many school children in England and Wales aged 12 to 14 years convicted of an offence in 1994 were those who had been excluded from school or who were not school attenders.

Baroness Blatch: This information is not collected centrally.

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