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Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: The ODA has prepared a sustainable agriculture strategy aimed at maintaining or enhancing the productivity of the natural resource base while improving longterm food security. A copy has been placed in the Libraries of the House. ODA officials are in regular contact with representatives of the UK organic movement about the contribution that organic systems can make to the strategy, and a number of project proposals are being developed.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Increased refugee return depends on greater security in the camps outside Rwanda and efforts to rebuild the country's economic and social fabric. We are, with EU partners, pressing the UN to take urgent action to improve security, At the Rwanda Round Table on 1819 January, the international community, including the UK and EU partners, pledged about 578 million dollars in support of Rwanda's 1995 Programme of National Reconstruction, Rehabilitation and Recovery.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: The United Kingdom's Positive and Negative Security Assurances, announced in 1968 and 1978, have always been applied to non-nuclear weapons States Parties to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) or States Parties to other internationally binding commitments not to manufacture or acquire nuclear explosive devices. Under the Negative Security Assurance the United Kingdom undertakes not to use nuclear weapons against such states except in the case of an attack on the United Kingdom, its dependent territories, its armed forces or its Allies by such a state in association or alliance with a nuclear weapon state. This has not changed.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: We, and other states parties, have been concerned for some time about reports that Israel has a nuclear weapons programme. We continue to urge Israel to allay suspicions categorically by acceding to the Non-Proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear-weapon state and concluding a full-scope safeguards agreement with the IAEA.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: It is for the recipients of security assurances to decide whether, in their view, a threat has arisen incompatible with those assurances. North Korea has not approached us on this matter. It would be open to Ukraine to raise any concerns with us if ever they judged it necessary.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Ukraine has acceded to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as a non-nuclear weapons state. The law passed by the Ukrainian Parliament (Rada) paving the way for the country's accession to the NPT included a proviso referring to its claim to ownership of the nuclear weapons on its territory. This was made against the background of Ukraine's claim to receive compensation for the dismantlement of the weapons. Ukraine had agreed in January 1994 that the weapons on its territory should be removed to Russia and dismantled.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: The 1958 UK/US Mutual Defence Agreement is an enabling measure, which facilitates bilateral co-operation on atomic energy for nuclear defence purposes. It imposes no obligations on Her Majesty's Government to collaborate on specific UK projects.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Prior to 1 April 1994, Brown & Root provided construction services to the United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) under a support contract negotiated directly with the United Nations.
According to the UN Secretariat, construction projects assigned to Brown & Root by UNOSOM included fabrication or relocation of the temporary, one-storey, general purpose wooden buildings that UNOSOM used as living accommodation and administrative space; the renovation of UN-owned prefabricated buildings which had outlived their normal lifespan; and the selective refurbishment of indigenous structures so as to make them usable by UNOSOM for the duration of its mandate. In some cases, Brown & Root was tasked to build or relocate entire camps from one location to another. The scope of work included the requirement to construct associated water, power, drainage and septic systems, access roads and walkways, and perimeter security fencing.
In addition, Brown & Root carried out road and runway construction projects, involving limited improvements to existing roads, runways, taxiways and parking aprons, helipads used by UNOSOM supply vehicles and transport aircraft engaged in the logistics tasks of the mission.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: According to the United Nations Secretariat, the actual amount paid to Brown & Root for the period 1 November 1993 through 31 May 1994 relating to services in Somalia was $44,614,700.
|Brown & Root mobilisation costs||2,046,000|
|Parts for US-provided equipment||12,582,700|
|Airfield matings purchased from US Army||1,298,000|
|Airport services and freight management||2,002,000|
The services provided by Brown & Root were approved by the appropriate Committee on Contracts convened in the field and in the United Nations headquarters in New York.
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