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Ms Necmiye Arslanoglu

Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: We have received information that Necmiye Arslanoglu was arrested on 12 April. We have asked our Embassy in Ankara to seek information from the Turkish authorities about her well-being and the details of her arrest.

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Gibraltar Social Insurance Fund

Lord Brougham and Vaux asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What provision has been made to make payments to certain beneficiaries of the Gibraltar Social Insurance Fund.

Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Pending agreement with the Government of Gibraltar on distribution of the assets of the fund, provision has been made for further interim payments to the value of £2 million in the current financial year, following the full draw-down of payments made available to the fund in 1989. Provision for these payments has been made within Class II, Vote 5.

VJ Day: Fiftieth Anniversary Celebrations

Lord Fanshawe of Richmond asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What plans they have to mark the fiftieth anniversary of VJ Day.

The Lord Privy Seal (Viscount Cranborne): I refer the noble Lord to the answer which I gave to Lord Chalfont on Monday 19 June (HL Deb., 19th June 1995, col. 4).

Income Support: Maintenance Disregard Proposal

Earl Russell asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Further to Lord Mackay of Ardbrecknish's remarks on 5th June at HL Deb col. 1214, whether the figure of £110 million which he there gave as a figure for the cost of a £5 disregard for lone parents on Income Support is a gross figure, or whether it is calculated net of tax and National Insurance revenues resulting from mothers returning to work; and whether they have studied or will study the work done on this subject by Sally Hottermann for the Daycare Trust.

The Minister of State, Department of Social Security (Lord Mackay of Ardbrecknish): The figure of £110 million quoted as a cost for a £5 maintenance disregard on Income Support is an estimated gross benefit cost. As indicated in the passage cited, the Government believe that a maintenance disregard in Income Support would act as a disincentive for mothers to return to work.

The Government are aware of the recommendations of the Daycare Trust and have considered them.

National Business Opinion: CBI Survey

Lord Pearson of Rannoch asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they consider that the results of the survey carried out by the Confederation of British Industry, and mentioned by Baroness Chalker of Wallasey on 7th June (H.L. Deb., col. 1349), can be relied on as an indicator of national business opinion and, if so, why.

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The Minister of State, Department of Trade and Industry (Earl Ferrers): The Confederation of British Industry survey reports the responses of 579 firms. The survey is therefore a credible indicator of national business opinion. My Department, in assessing business opinion, does not of course rely solely on this survey.

Israel: Export from UK of Nuclear Supplies

Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether any of the international organisations, such as the Zangger Committee and the Nuclear Suppliers Group, place any restrictions on the export of nuclear related equipment to Israel and whether these restrictions are applied by all (or any) governments participating in these organisations.

Earl Ferrers: The United Kingdom and other governments participating in the Zangger Committee and Nuclear Suppliers Group have agreed to abide by the guidelines of each of those organisations in relation to the export of the listed nuclear equipment and materials. In accordance with these obligations, export licences are required for any export from the United Kingdom of such equipment or materials irrespective of destination.

In so far as Her Majesty's Government's policy on the supply of such equipment and material is concerned, may I refer the noble Lord to the guidelines given in another place on 31 March 1976 by my right honourable friend the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and the subsequent expansion of those guidelines as announced on 24 September 1991 requiring a policy of full scope safeguards as a condition of supply for nuclear goods and materials. Israel does not have a policy of full scope safeguards. Consequently, Her Majesty's Government will not licence the export of any significant nuclear supplies or materials to Israel.

Nuclear Power Station Provision: Funding

Viscount Hanworth asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they still intend to keep a balance of different generating capacity; and what action they propose to take if there is insufficient capital from private sources to construct a new nuclear station.

Earl Ferrers: The Government believe that secure, diverse and sustainable supplies of energy can be best achieved by means of competitive markets. The Government's recent review of the prospects for nuclear power revealed no compelling reasons for supposing that the market will not of its own accord provide an appropriate level of diversity. The Government therefore concluded that there was currently no case for public financial or equivalent support of new nuclear build on diversity grounds. The Government will, however, examine the emerging fuel mix from time to time, and review the position if developments justify it.

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Fast Reactor Development

Viscount Hanworth asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What progress has been made in the fast reactor programmes in Japan, France and Russia; and whether the technology now exists to construct a safe 1,000 megawatt or larger generator.

Earl Ferrers: Fast reactor development continues steadily in Japan with the continued operation of their experimental reactor, JOYO, and the commissioning of the prototype reactor, MONJU (280 megawatts electrical (MWe)). Start-up tests are under way at MONJU and it is planned to generate electricity later this year.

In France, PHENIX (250 MWe) has successfully completed Run 49 and is now in a maintenance shut-down phase. The SUPER PHENIX (1200 MWe) demonstration reactor is preparing for re-start shortly.

The Russian Fast Reactor Programme also continues with the operation of three demonstration reactors ranging in size from the 12 MWe BOR-60 to the 600 MWe BN-600. It is understood that state approval has recently been given to go ahead with plans to construct an 800 MWe demonstration reactor (BN-800) in the South Urals.

Since 1988, the European Fast Reactor collaborative projects has pooled the resources of the various national interests within Europe with the objective of designing a reactor with an output of 1440 MWe which is safe, robust in design and satisfies both economic and strategic requirements. This collaboration has resulted in a highly developed design which meets current licensing requirements. With current national energy policies, however, it is unlikely that any decision on a demonstration fast reactor will be made in Western Europe before 2005-2010 at the earliest. Meanwhile, strong links are being maintained between European, Japanese and Russian reactor operators to ensure that experience is shared.

Arts and Heritage Bodies: Directors Pay

Lord Donoughue asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether the 1994 Priestley report on the pay and status of the directors of the 20 national arts and heritage institutions has been, or will be, placed in the Library for inspection; and if not, why not.

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of National Heritage (Viscount Astor): I have today placed a copy of the report in the Library of the House.

Homicides by Previously Convicted Murderers

Lord Braine of Wheatley asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will publish in the Official Report a table showing the number of people who have died

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    since the passage of the Murder (Abolition of the Death Penalty) Act 1965 at the hands of previously convicted killers.

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Blatch): During the period 1965 to the end of May 1995, a total of 72 persons in England and Wales are known to have been killed by persons who had previously been convicted of homicide.

Police Core and Ancillary Tasks: Review

Lord Brougham and Vaux asked Her Majesty's Government:

    When they will publish the final report of the Review of Police Core and Ancillary Tasks.

Baroness Blatch: The final report will be published tomorrow and a copy placed in the Library.

International Law Enforcement Training Academy

Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is their view of the United States plan for the FBI to open an international police training academy in Budapest, and whether they have discussed this proposal with the Security Services.

Baroness Blatch: We welcome the initiatives taken jointly by the Hungarian and the United States Governments to establish an International Law Enforcement Training Academy (ILEA) in Budapest. The academy, which opened in April, is providing previously unavailable training opportunities to law enforcement officers from Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.

We, and our European Union partners, are in close contact with the United States to ensure that the ILEA complements the bilateral and multilateral police training assistance programmes the European Union Member States have with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.

The security and intelligence agencies are aware of the ILEA initiative, which is primarily directed at police officers.

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