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Baroness Hollis of Heigham: My Lords, perhaps the Minister will give way. The difference in his analogy is that Group 4 does not decide who is a prisoner. The point here is that, although the local authority may lay down the rules as to what counts as homelessness, it will be for the private company to determine whether an individual conforms to the criteria--in other words whether they are "Guilty, M'lord, as pleaded". That is why the case is not analogous with Group 4.
Earl Ferrers: My Lords, I do not know why the noble Baroness keeps talking about Group 4; I did not even mention Group 4. The fact is that the local authority will determine what are the criteria by which a person will be determined to be homeless. That is the position.
I remind the noble Baroness that all the actions of a contractor are, by virtue of Section 72 of the 1994 Act, to be treated as actions of the authority; and the authority therefore remains the one who is responsible. If anything is wrong in that action, the local authority will be responsible.
The noble Baroness said that private companies exercise these functions. That is perfectly true. However, we made it clear throughout the passage of the Bill that in largescale voluntary transfer we would expect to see the registered social landlord carrying out the functions. Registered social landlords are private companies in this sense, and they are responsible bodies. We consulted local authorities about this matter and no objections were raised.
The noble Earl, Lord Russell, referred to conflict of interest. Most contracts would be let to a registered social landlord, possibly a housing association. Those bodies are required by the Act to co-operate with local authorities in discharging their functions. They share the same objectives in meeting housing need.
The noble Earl also asked whether, after contracting out the homelessness functions, they would be subject to the local government ombudsman. The answer is that they will be. The noble Earl also asked how far an authority can answer for the actions of others. The authority will need to make arrangements with its contractors, who will usually be a responsible registered social landlord. That will ensure that if there is a successful challenge in the courts the authority can require the contractor to respect the decisions of the courts.
I shall certainly look at what the noble Earl said. If I have not covered all the points that he mentioned, I shall write to him. I hope that the House will agree the passage of this order. I commend it to the House.
The noble Earl said: My Lords, as the regulations implement the measures outlined in the Budget which will reduce the rate bills of small business properties, I cannot believe that they can be in any way controversial. If it is for the convenience of the House, I will move them formally. If, on the other hand, your Lordships wish me to go into any explanation about them, I shall be happy to do so. I beg to move.
In these regulations the Government are freezing small business rates for this forthcoming year rather than allowing them to rise by inflation. As primary legislation requires them to rise by inflation, we need regulations to "do a Henry VIII". That will clearly benefit 1.1 million small businesses. As the Government, rather than local government, are picking up the Bill, it would be churlish to oppose this measure--though, given the pressures on government spending and the recent cuts in benefit and the like, the fact that the Government can find £100 million in additional relief for small businesses comes as some surprise, especially as it will absorb all the savings to be found apparently from the cuts in the notorious housing benefit regulations which we anticipate. Those regulations will force middle-aged men and women under 60 into bed-sit accommodation. The savings on the change in housing benefit will generate £105 million, of which, so far as I can see, every penny will go to ease and freeze the rate increase on small businesses.
That was an additional surprise to these Benches because the Government had insisted that, given the feel-good factor, local businesses would now be in a position to pay the proper input. Or do the Government accept that small businesses are so desperately in need that they require additional relief above and beyond what they would incur? It is a further surprise to these Benches because the Government have limited the revenue support grant to fund their tax cuts of one penny in the pound, thus forcing the council tax rate up by an average of 6 per cent.--double the rate of inflation. Or do the Government hope that the council tax rises will be blamed on Labour and Liberal local government while the freezing of the non-domestic rate will be to the benefit of the Government?
What all this shows is the absurdity of the current arrangements for the business rate. Some areas are rather more prosperous than others and it is appropriate for businesses there to pay a higher non-domestic rate. In some areas business enjoys a higher level of services and it is appropriate that they should pay a higher level of non-domestic rate. It is also clear that small firms agree with that point of view. In the Department of Employment research of 1994 on the impact of rates on business, only 20 per cent. of firms thought that the current arrangements for the non-domestic rate had improved the system by removing variations in poundage between different local authorities. Three-quarters of firms agreed with the statement that business should pay rates according to the extent to which they benefited from local services.
Soon, I hope, we shall restore the business rate to local communities while ensuring that local authorities work in partnership with their local businesses to rebuild local economies which have been decimated over the past decade.
Earl Ferrers: My Lords, I always thought that the noble Baroness was fairly difficult to satisfy. Now she has shown that to be a fact. The festive spirit of good will does not seem to have entered her Benches. The Government are actually reducing liability for tax, freezing any increases in certain respects and reducing liability in other respects. All the noble Baroness can say is: "Oh well, if you used that money you would be able to help those in bed-sits".
The two are not comparable. As the noble Baroness knows, we must look at each facet and deal with it in the right way as an individual issue. What she said inferred that small businesses were in a bad way. Then she asked whether they needed the help. All I can tell the noble Baroness is that we on this side feel that small businesses and the part that they play in the economy are very important. It is interesting to note from her reply that the party opposite does not set such store by small businesses.
Earl Ferrers: My Lords, the noble Baroness cannot avoid bringing party politics into everything. That is her style. However, research has shown that small businesses pay a greater proportion of their outgoings in non-domestic rates and have been calling for action. We have taken that action. I should have thought that that would satisfy most people, even if we cannot satisfy the noble Baroness.
The noble Baroness referred to the changes in the billing regulations. We shall change the regulations in early January and have been consulting local authorities. I hope that the noble Baroness is in a minority of one in not rejoicing in the regulations. Nevertheless, I commend them to the House.
That the Promoters of the King's College London Bill [Lords] may, notwithstanding anything in the Standing Orders or practice of this House, proceed with the Bill in the present Session; and the Petition for the Bill shall be deemed to have been deposited and all Standing Orders applicable thereto shall be deemed to have been complied with;
That if the Bill is brought from the Lords in the present Session, the Agents for the Bill shall deposit in the Private Bill Office a declaration signed by them stating that the Bill is the same, in every respect, as the Bill which was brought from the Lords in the last session;
That, as soon as a certificate by one of the Clerks in the Private Bill Office, that such a declaration has been so deposited, has been laid upon the Table of the House, the Bill shall be read the first and second time (and shall be recorded in the Journal of this House as having been so read) and shall be ordered to be read the third time;
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