|Previous Section||Back to Table of Contents||Lords Hansard Home Page|
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office (Lord Williams of Mostyn): During the period 1963 to date, a total of 93 persons in England and Wales are known to have been killed by persons who had been previously convicted of homicide in England and Wales.
As with previous answers, the figure excludes persons who have been killed by those who may have been convicted outside England and Wales (for whom there is incomplete information) and persons who have been killed by those not previously convicted of homicide by reason of their mental state.
Lord Williams of Mostyn: Legislation is needed to amend three rules of family law in England and Wales which we do not think are capable of being interpreted consistently with Article 5 of Protocol 7 ("Equality between spouses"). These rules are:
Lord Williams of Mostyn: The Inmates Information System used by Her Majesty's Prison Service in England and Wales was designed over 10 years ago. Technical and security considerations prevent it from being readily integrated with existing police systems and networks. On-line access from police forces is not available but a Prisoner Location Service is provided to police forces which allows enquiries to be made through a central telephone contact point. Consideration is being given to a trial of on-line access from one or more police sites to evaluate the potential operational benefits.
Work is currently under way on a project that will lead to the complete replacement of the current system. It is a requirement for this system that links will be provided to and from the other criminal justice agencies, including police forces. The Prison Service is working closely with other criminal justice agencies in developing criteria for this new system. Significant development work will be required to implement these links and a precise date for its availability cannot be determined at this stage. The earliest likely date for full operational use is 2001.
Lord Williams of Mostyn: In respect of the Association of Chief Police Officers for England, Wales and Northern Ireland (ACPO), the Home Office contributed £466,000 in 1994-95, £470,000 in 1995-96 and £458,000 in 1996-97, under the common police service arrangements, towards staff salaries and administrative costs of the ACPO secretariat. Before 1996-97, ACPO was organised differently, with a limited central function. Work undertaken in the ACPO central office from part way through 1996-97 was previously carried out in forces for which no specific costs are available. Police authorities contributed £330,000 as a part year cost for setting up the reorganised ACPO.
In respect of the Association of Chief Police Officers, Scotland (ACPOS), assistance was provided by the Scottish Office Home Department in respect of ACPOS staff salaries and administrative costs: £104,000 in 1994-95, £119,000 in 1995-96 and £135,000 in 1996-97. Scottish Office funding for the ACPOS secretariat is included in the common police services, for which the Secretary of State for Scotland recovers 50 per cent. of the expenditure from police authorities. Details of the expenditure recovered from each of them in respect of 1994-95, 1995-96 and 1996-97 are shown in the table.
|Dumfries & Galloway||1,406||1,573||1,787|
|Lothian & Borders||9,238||10,546||11,981|
Lord Williams of Mostyn: Rough sleeping is not in itself an offence. Section 3 of the 1824 Vagrancy Act makes it an offence to beg in a public place and the threatening or intimidating behaviour sometimes associated with begging is an offence under the Public Order Act 1986. The Commissioner of the Police of the Metropolis tells me that anyone found begging in London is liable for arrest. For several reasons, the area around Westminster Cathedral is a popular area for rough sleepers, unlike the area around Westminster Abbey. The Metropolitan Police will continue to work in partnership with other agencies to deal with the problem of rough sleeping in central London.
The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Gilbert): The UK Armed Forces ceased routine vaccination against smallpox in the early 1980s, following the World Health Assembly's ratification, in 1980, of an earlier declaration by the Global Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication that the world was free of smallpox. It is quite possible, therefore, that some Service personnel who participated in Operation Granby could have been vaccinated against smallpox earlier in their careers. Vaccination data are not held centrally and details of how many had been so vaccinated could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.
Smallpox was not one of the routine vaccinations which were administered at the time of the Gulf conflict, nor did it form part of the Operation Granby anti-biological warfare agent immunisation programme.
The MoD is, however, also aware of one medical record which appears to show that a vaccination for smallpox was given to another Gulf veteran on 3 January 1991. The medical officer who apparently administered the vaccination has been contacted and shown a copy of this record. He has confirmed that the entry in the smallpox section of the medical record is in his handwriting; however, he has stated that he did not at any time during 1990 and 1991 give a smallpox vaccination to any members of the Armed Forces. This matter is being investigated further.
|Next Section||Back to Table of Contents||Lords Hansard Home Page|