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Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: My Lords, I hope I made clear that the Government welcome the reactivated application that Malta put forward. Of course, the questions involved in the accession of a country of some 370,000 individuals pose specific problems. However, those problems will be dealt with during the course of the discussions and negotiations in relation to Malta's accession in the light of the opinion that will come forward from the Commission. The Treaty of Amsterdam, as I am sure the noble Lord is aware, envisages some institutional adjustments before enlargement and the Cardiff European Council agreed that, after the Amsterdam ratification programme was completed, an early decision would be needed on issues such as the one raised by the noble Lord.

The Earl of Onslow: My Lords, is it not much more important that not only Malta but all the eastern European countries get the earliest access to the European Community so that it is diluted and becomes much more a trade-friendly area rather than a rigid, inward-looking, self-satisfied, protectionist bloc?

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: My Lords, I am sure that the noble Earl is aware that the Government

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support the enlargement of the European Union for the best possible reasons which may not be entirely aligned with the reasons put forward by the noble Earl. Accession negotiations are continuing with Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Slovenia and Cyprus. They were launched during our presidency, on 31st March. The initial phase, the screening phase, is making good progress. Member states are currently considering the negotiating mandates and the 5th October GAC concluded that substantive negotiations should begin on 10th November. I hope that that is a useful update for the noble Earl.

Viscount Waverley: My Lords, where will the enlargement process end? What is the Minister's vision of where the lines will be drawn?

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: My Lords, I think we have quite enough on our plates at the moment involving negotiations with the countries I have just mentioned, not to mention the ones going through the pre-accession process which was also launched in London in March this year.

Lord Moynihan: My Lords, just out of interest, what will the Minister say to the Scots if the Maltese have a European commissioner and a judge?

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: My Lords, the noble Lord is brave to raise the question of representation in Scotland, given the party that he represents. I am sure that Scotland will continue to be as delighted with its arrangements in the future as I am sure the majority of the Scots are at present.

Lord Pearson of Rannoch: My Lords, does the Minister agree that any enlargement is dependent upon reform of the common agricultural policy, and, if so, can she tell us how the reform of that policy is progressing?

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: My Lords, as I am sure the noble Lord is aware, the reform of the common agricultural policy is a particularly important priority for Her Majesty's Government. The Commission's ideas involving significant price cuts are a step in the right direction but we believe that a more radical strategy is needed if the EU is to meet the coming challenges and, of course, the challenges posed by enlargement.

Swanwick Air Traffic Control Centre

3.2 p.m.

Baroness Thomas of Walliswood asked Her Majesty's Government:

    When they expect the Swanwick air traffic control centre to come into operation.

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (Lord Whitty): My Lords, the Government have commissioned the Defence Evaluation and

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Research Agency, DERA, to carry out a study on the Swanwick centre. One of the things the study is looking at is the likelihood of further delays to the opening date of the centre. The report is nearing completion, and its findings will shortly be announced.

Baroness Thomas of Walliswood: My Lords, I thank the Minister for that reply which has slightly put the kibosh on my further questions, as I guess he is likely to say that he cannot give me any answers until the report has been published. However, it indicates the continuing further delay in the progress of this important project, the delayed opening date of which was, earlier this year, said to be the winter of 1999-2000--already three years late.

Can the Minister tell us what has been causing those delays--bugs in the software or lack of financing? What is causing the problems? Turning to the cost, is this connected in any way with the fact that the status of the CAA is still not determined? I understand that a consultation paper will be published at the end of this week. Has that affected the ability to finance the additional costs associated with the delays? Finally, is the safety of passengers still assured, given the delays and the increasing level of air misses?

Lord Whitty: My Lords, I regret to say that the first remarks of the noble Baroness unfortunately apply to most of the questions she has raised. I fear that she will have to await our assessment of the report. There are one or two things I can say, however. First, it is not a question of finance. In the past there have been delays, leading up to the date to which she refers. They were due to technical problems. The issue is not one of finance.

As far as the delays are concerned, we are confident that the West Drayton centre, which now handles 1.7 million movements per year, will be able to cope with any change in the opening date of Swanwick. It will be possible for the West Drayton centre to cope for several years yet. I therefore think that, so far as the safety of air traffic is concerned, noble Lords can be reassured on that front.

Lord Campbell of Croy: My Lords, is the noble Lord aware that I have been raising this matter in this House for what is now a period of years? Can he give us an assurance--because I was raising this in the interests of safety--that the continuing delays are not due to fundamental defects in the proposed new system?

Lord Whitty: My Lords, I understand that to be so. It is not a question of fundamental delays. As I have indicated, safety is assured over the whole period. I believe that the West Drayton centre can continue for a number of years. Therefore the new system, even if it is delayed further, will take over from an already safe air traffic control system. I can give that reassurance.

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Lord Hayhoe: My Lords, can the Minister give us an assurance that the report will be published as soon as it is received?

Lord Whitty: My Lords, I can give an assurance that there will be a government Statement on the basis of the report. That is all I can do at this point.

Lord Rodgers of Quarry Bank: My Lords, can the Minister confirm reports that privatisation is being delayed? If those reports are false and privatisation is going ahead on the timetable previously envisaged, can he remind those Members of the House who have forgotten what the case is for privatisation?

Lord Whitty: My Lords, some noble Lords will recall that my right honourable friend the Deputy Prime Minister made an announcement about a public/private partnership in this area. I believe that the term "privatisation" is inappropriate in this case and that there is no reason to believe that the timetable for that will be affected by any technical delays, although the form of that partnership has yet to be determined and will be addressed in consultation by the Government very shortly.

Lord Brabazon of Tara: My Lords, I wonder whether the Minister could explain to the House the difference between "privatisation" and "public/private partnership"? When the previous government sold 51 per cent. of the shares in British Telecom and kept a golden share, it was described by the party opposite, then in opposition, as a "dastardly privatisation". Now, the present Government propose to sell 51 per cent. of the shares in National Air Traffic Services and to keep a golden share and it is described as a "public/private partnership". What is the difference?

Lord Whitty: My Lords, do I understand from that that the main opposition party is opposed to bringing in private finance? The difference is that we are not selling off these assets for private gain. We are selling them off to mobilise additional resources--

Noble Lords: Oh!

Lord Whitty: My Lords, indeed, for some public gain, precisely--for public gain both in terms of the resources available for a safe air traffic control system and to benefit the public finances generally.

Child Prostitution: ACPO Guidelines

3.8 p.m.

Baroness Lockwood asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What was the outcome of the scheme to pilot the good practice guidelines for dealing with child prostitutes, drawn up by the Association of Chief

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    Police Officers together with non-governmental organisations and social services; and when the new guidelines will be available.

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